Presentation on theme: "Where Are Migrants Distributed?"— Presentation transcript:
1Where Are Migrants Distributed? Around 3% of the world’s people are international migrants.The country with the largest number is the United States.Asia, Latin America, Africa = net out-migration.North America, Europe, Oceania = net in-migration
2Global Migration Patterns Population of the US includes about 30 million people born in other countries.Even though we have the larger # of immigrants, we have a smaller % of immigrants than many other countries.Highest % = Middle East (one half the pop.)
3US Immigration Patterns US since 1820 = 70 millionThree main areas in US immigration.Colonization from England and Africa.SlaveryEuropeans = voluntaryIn last 500 years, 65 million Europeans have migrated to other continents.40 million destined for US.
4European Immigration 1st Peak = 1607-1840 2m. USA = 4m. migrated w/ 90% from North and West Europe (2/5 = Ireland, 1/3 = Germany)2nd Peak = Civil War creates US decline.During 1880s, ½ million people annually.¾ in 1880s came from Northern & Western Europe.
5European Immigration Bad economy in 1890s = little immigration. 3rd Peak = 1907 with 1.3 million people.Most came from countries who had sent few people before.¼ = Italy, Russia, Austria-HungaryCoincided with Industrial Revolution to Southern and Eastern Europe.
6Less Developed Regions Immigration in US dropped sharply in 1930s-1940s, during Great Depression and World War II.Increased from , and surged during to high levels.
7Immigration from Asia/L. America Asia = leading in immigration b/wAccount for 40% OF Canadian immigrants.Latin America = 2m. from ; 11m. fromLarge influx due to 1986 Immigration Reform & Control Act = issued visas to several hundred thousand who entered US previously without proper legal documentation.
8Demographic Transition - Europe Rapid population growth fueled emigration especially after 1800.New technology pushed most of Europe into Stage 2.To promote efficient agriculture, some governments forced the merge of small farms into large units.Displaced farmers = 2 choices
9Undocumented Immigration to US AKA = illegal immigration7 million undocumented immigrants in USOther estimates at 20 million.BCIS apprehends around 1 million a year who try to cross Southern border.
11Title:Immigration by country.Caption:The United States has by far the largest number of immigrants--that is, permanent residents who were born in other countries. Other more developed countries, including Australia, Canada, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, also have relatively large numbers of immigrants.Keywords:immigration
12Title:Migration to the United States by region of origin.Caption:Europeans comprised more than 90 percent of the immigrants to the United States during the nineteenth century and even as recently as the early 1960s still accounted for more than 50 percent. Latin America and Asia are now the dominant sources of immigrants to the United States.Keywords:immigration, United States, Europe
13Title:Migration to the United States from Asia, 2001.Caption:The largest numbers of Asians came from India, China, the Philippines, and Vietnam.Keywords:immigration, United States, Asia
14Title:Migration to the United States from Latin America.Caption:Mexico has been the largest source of immigrants to the United States in recent decades. Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, and Peru are other Latin American countries that sent at least 10,000 immigrants annually to the United States during the 1990s.Keywords:immigration, United States, Latin America
15Title:Crossing the U.S.-Mexican border.Caption:The route of one group of undocumented immigrants from Mexico to the United States began in Ahuacatlan, a village of 1,000 inhabitants in Querétaro State (1). The immigrants took a bus to Querétaro (2) and another bus to Sonoita (3), hired a driver to take them to a remote location on the border. Looking at the detailed right-hand map, they crossed the United States border on foot near Pia Oik, Arizona (4) and paid a driver to take them to Phoenix (5). Arrested in Phoenix by the border patrol, they were driven to Tucson (6) and then to the Mexican border at Nogales (7), where they boarded buses to Santa Ana (8) and back to Sonoita. They then repeated the same route back to Phoenix (9), where they found work.Keywords:immigration, United States, undocumented immigrants, Latin America, Mexico, boundary, boundaries, borders
16Title:Destination of immigrants by U.S. states.Caption:California receives about one-fourth of all immigrants, with the largest numbers from Mexico, the Philippines, Vietnam, and China. New York and New Jersey receive another one-fourth of immigrants, especially from the Dominican Republic. A large number of Cubans go to Florida, Mexicans to Texas, and Mexicans and Poles to Illinois.Keywords:immigration, United States, Latin America, Asia