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European countries would be pleased to see the US break apart When the South left, they took control of everything they could.

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Presentation on theme: "European countries would be pleased to see the US break apart When the South left, they took control of everything they could."— Presentation transcript:

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2 European countries would be pleased to see the US break apart When the South left, they took control of everything they could

3 Lincoln was careful not to offend the border slave states Lower South saw it as a war message 1.National debt? 2.What about territories? 3.Fugitive slaves?

4 WILLIAM SEWARD SECRETARY OF STATE EDWIN STANTON SECRETARY OF WAR

5 Only two forts the Union still controlled: 1.Ft. Pickens--Pensacola, Florida 2.Ft. Sumter--Charleston, South Carolina Abe Lincoln sent supplies to Ft. Sumter The South fired War started on April 12 th, 1861 Ft. Sumter had to surrender to Confederates Lincoln calls for 75,000 militiamen (volunteers) and so many came they had to turn some away

6 South saw the call for volunteers as Lincoln waging war of aggression on the Confederacy Four states will secede and leave the Union First capital of the Confederacy Second capital of the Confederacy

7 The Border States included: Missouri Delaware Maryland West Virginia Kentucky The mountain area of Virginia didn’t want to be part of the South, so with the help of Lincoln, they seceded from Virginia and created West Virginia Border States were slave states, but did not secede with the South Had a white population more than the Confederacy Lincoln knew he had to have the Border States to win

8 Composed of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois Supported slavery, but fought for the North b/c the war was to preserve the Union Early on Lincoln kept saying he was fighting the war to preserve the Union

9 Families were split apart Example: John Crittenden of KY had two sons, one fought for the Union and the other fought for the Confederacy

10 1.Fighting a defensive war 2.Didn’t have to win 3.Fighting for a way of life and self- determination 4.Had the best leaders 5.Southerners know how to fight 6.Indians tended to be for the South 7.Slaves were an advantage and disadvantage

11 1.3/4THS OF THE NATIONS WEALTH 2.3/4THS OF THE NATION’S RAILROADS 3.HAD THE NAVY 4.HAD THE POPULATION 5.HAD IMMIGRANTS 6.90% OF ARMY WAS VOLUNTEERS 7.10% OF ARMY WILL BE BLACK 8.BEST POLITICAL LEADERS

12 South counted on foreign aid from England or France, but didn’t get it Leaders in Europe wanted South to win, but working people wanted North to win North stocked up on cotton and Europe started buying from other places King Cotton was replaced by King Wheat and King Corn b/c of Cyrus McCormick and John Deere

13 Union ship stopped British ship Trent and removed 2 Confederate diplomats Lincoln released the diplomats saying “One war at a time” Most famous ship the South had Had sunk 64 Union ships Built in England England became the “unofficial” naval base of the Confederacy

14 Two huge ships built by the British for the Confederacy Charles Francis Adams, grandson of John Adams, found out about this and told them if they sold them and sent them to the Confederacy it would be war While the North and South fight the war, France takes over Mexico Maximillian was killed by a Mexican firing squad Napoleon III sets up Maximillian on the throne of Mexico After the war was over, we tell France to get out of Mexico and they did

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16 1.Increased the size of the army without Congressional approval 2.Gave $2 million from Treasury to three private citizens to fight the war 3.Suspended the Writ of Habeas Corpus 4.“Supervised” voting in the Border States

17 Northern Army called “Yankees” Southern Army called “Johnny Rebs” 1.Volunteers--90% 2.Conscription or draft 1.Volunteers 2.Conscription or draft “Robbed cradle and grave”

18 1.Pay out $300 2.Find replacement--in the North they had bounties--paid to serve $1,000 1.Buy your way out 2.Hire a substitute 3.Slave owners with 20 or more slaves were exempt

19 1.Increased taxes--tried new tax called income tax 2.Printed money--Union money only worth.39 cents 3.Borrowed money 1.Raise taxes 2.Print money--worth 1.6 cents per dollar

20 South was devastated by the war--North more prosperous than ever before Civil War started an economic state called Millionaires. Most millionaires made their money honestly, but some cheated!

21 Elias Howe and Isaac Singer’s invention/perfection of sewing machine made clothes for Union soldiers First female doctor Helped soldiers in the North Most famous nurse in the North Helped start the Red Cross Helped nurse soldiers in the North Famous female nurse in the South


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