Presentation on theme: "The Spread of Protestantism and the Catholic Response"— Presentation transcript:
1The Spread of Protestantism and the Catholic Response Chapter 12 Section 4The Spread of Protestantism and the Catholic Response
2The Zwinglian Reformation Even before the Peace of Augsburg, a division in Protestantism appearedUlrich Zwingli was a priest in Zurich, Switzerland began introducing reformsAbolished relics, images, paintings and decorations were removed from churchesChurch services now consisted of scripture, prayer and sermons replaced Catholic Mass
3The Zwinglian Reformation As reformations spread, looked for alliance with Martin Luther to defend themselves against the Catholic ChurchCould not agree on the meaning of the sacrament of Communion (Read 994)War broke out b/t Catholic and Protestant states in Switzerland and Zwinli was found wounded on the battle field.His enemies killed him, cut up his body, burned the pieces and scattered the ashes.
4Calvin and CalvinismAfter raised Catholic he converted to Protestantism and was forced to flee France for SwitzerlandPublished Institutes of the Christian Religion, a summary of Protestant thought, immediately gave Calvin a reputation as one of the new leaders of Protestantism.He along with Luther believed in the doctrine of justification by faith aloneAlso placed emphasis on the all-powerful nature of God- the “power, grace, and glory of God.”
5Calvin and CalvinismCalvin’s other idea was predestination “Eternal Decree” meant that God had determined in advance who would be saved and who would be dammed
6The AnabaptistsReformers such as Luther had allowed the state to play a important role in the churchAnabaptist believed that a true Christian church was a voluntary adult community who were baptized as adults, instead of infants as Catholics and Protestants believedAnabaptist believed in complete separation of church and stateRefused to hold public office or bear arms. Took the phrase out of the bible “though shall not kill” literally.Protestants and Catholics agreed on one thing, that the Anabaptists needed to be persecuted.
7Effects on the Role of Women Protestants put family at the center of the family. Mutual love between man and womanWomen’s important role was still the servant of the man, & bearer of the children which was part of the divine plan.However, Protestant Reformation did not change women’s subordinate place in society
8The Catholic Reformation The Catholic Church had a revitalization in the 16th century, allowing it to regain much of what it had lostThe Catholic Reformation had three main pillarsThe Jesuits, reform of the papacy, and the Council of Trent
9The Catholic Reformation The Society of Jesuits was founded by Ignatius of Loyola.All Jesuits took a special vow of absolute obedience to the popeUsed education to spread their wordJesuit missionaries were very successful in restoring Catholicism to parts of Germany and eastern Europe.
10The Catholic Reformation Reform of papacy was another important factor in Catholic ReformationWidespread corruption along with Protestant Reformation, allowed Pope Paul III to take a bold step of appointing a Reform Commission.The Commission blamed their problems on the corruption of the popes
11The Catholic Reformation The last pillar was the Council of Trent.1545, a group of cardinals, arch bishops, bishops, abbots, and theologians met in the city of Trent.In their meeting off and on for 18 years, they reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in opposition to Protestant beliefs. Both faith and good works were necessary for salvation. The 7 sacraments, their view of Eucharist, and clerical celibacy were all upheld. The also kept purgatory and the use of indulgencies, although the selling of indulgences were forbidden.After the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic Church possessed a clear body of doctrine and was unified under the supreme leadership of the pope.