Lenses The first lens is as a technology user. The second lens is as an educator. The third lens is as a writer.
What Determines an Ethical Issue? Ethics require conceptual thought. Ethics is a viable option for technological change but is seldom considered.
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics 1. Thou SHALT not use a computer to harm other people. 2. Thou SHALT not interfere with other people's computer work. 3. Thou SHALT not snoop around in other people's computer files. 4. Thou SHALT not use a computer to steal.
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics 5. Thou SHALT not use a computer to bear false witness. 6. Thou SHALT not copy or use proprietary software for which you have not paid. 7. Thou SHALT not use other people's computer resources without authorization or proper compensation. 8. Thou SHALT not appropriate other people's intellectual output.
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics 9. Thou SHALT think about the social consequences of the program you are writing or the system you are designing. 10. Thou SHALT always use a computer in ways that insure consideration and respect for your fellow humans.
What Is Technology? Technology has existed throughout history as the processes and products by which humans have coped with and changed their environment.
Ethics for Technology in Education Why should ethical issues be considered in education? To provide clearly stated values and guidelines. To determine the proper course when technology is admitted, acquired and used within an educational setting.
Ethics Issues I. Human Value II. Human Responsibility III. Internal Human Ecological and Community Concerns IV. Confidentiality and Privacy V. Contribution through History VI. Technological Admission, Acquisition and Use
HOW CAN LEADERS RESOLVE ETHICAL DILEMMAS? Leaders should have and be willing to act on a definite sense of ethical standards. Leaders can examine dilemmas from different perspectives. Leaders can often reframe ethical issues.
What Should Guide our Path? Ethics can be described as the "science of conduct." Moral leaders teach, not just through words, but through actions. A leader's responsibility is complex and multi- dimensional, rooted less in technical expertise than in simple human integrity.
The Third Lens How should authors and writers view ethical issues when producing and preparing written work for publication?
Editorial Concerns AUTHORSHIP individuals identified as authors should have made significant contributions: To the conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both; To drafting of the manuscript or revising it critically for intellectual content; and On final approval of the version of the manuscript to be published.
Editorial Concerns Acknowledgments. Persons who made significant contributions to the work but did not justify authorship may be listed in the acknowledgment section along with their function or contribution.
Editorial Concerns Conflict of interest. Conflict of interest for a given manuscript exists when a participant in the peer review and publication process has ties to activities that could inappropriately influence judgment.
RESOLVING ETHICAL DILEMMAS AND VALUE CONFLICTS Four competing claims are (1) conflict between two or more personally held values; (2) conflict between personal values and the values held by another person or the organization; (3) conflict between basic principles and the need to achieve a desired outcome; and (4) conflict between two or more individuals or groups to whom one has an obligation
An Ethical Solution to Thorny Problems Resolving ethical dilemmas requires interpersonal and negotiation skills as well as the new application of employability skills— Honesty, Ability to work cooperatively, Respect for others, Pride in one's work, Willingness to learn, Dependability, Responsibility for one's actions, Integrity, and Loyalty