4 English Teachers being professional a basis of scientific knowledge,a period of rigorous study which is formally assessed,a sense of public service,high standard of professional conduct,and the ability to perform some specific demanding and socially useful tasks in a demonstrably competent manner.
5 Professional English Teachers should have the following knowledge as proposed by Mary Spratt in the TKT module
6 Teacher Knowledge1. Language and background to language learning and teaching1.1. Describing Language and Language Skills1.2. Background to Language Learning1.3. Background to Language Teaching2.. Lesson Planning and Use of Resources for Language teaching2.1. Planning and preparing a lesson or sequence of lesson2.2 Selection and Use of Resources and Materials3. Managing The teaching and Learning Process3.1. Teachers’ and learners’ language in the Classroom3.2. Classroom Management
7 What has been quoted above is only the knowledge. Knowing and practicing what we know are two different things.Therefore, teachers should also be supplied with knowledge on classroom practices
8 Why Lesson Planning? Harmer (2001) For students, evidence of a plan shows them that the teacher has devoted time to thinking about the class. It strongly suggests a level of professionalism and a commitment to the kind of preparation they might reasonably respect. Lack of a plan may suggest the opposite of these teacher attributes
9 About Teaching English in the School System It needs an understanding of how teaching and learning are expected to be. The understanding coversthe current curriculumsyllabus designs : structural, notional, theme-based, text-based, situational, content-based, competency-based etc.a structural syllabus is a syllabus which is designed based on structural items.
10 Understanding SK and KD SK and KD are taken from SI. A careful reading of UU Sisdiknas and other documents will help us understanding the whole picture.RPP (Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran) is very crucial in micro teaching. Students should be well trained in writing the plan. In writing the RPP there are steps that should be taken with care.
11 Some significant steps need a good understanding of SK and KD 1. Studying carefully Standar Isi to get information on all about the teaching of English for each level of schools (SMP/MTs, SMA/MAN, SMK)2. Quoting the SK and understanding itLearning the terminology and the concepts3. Quoting the Kompetensi Dasar (Basic Competencies)What we teach according to Standar Isi
12 4. Formulating the indikator (Indicators) Considering the tujuan, the materials, the langkah2 kegiatan, the penilaian5. Formulating the tujuan pembelajaran (Aims)looking at the SK, the KDunderstanding the nature of language functionsunderstanding the nature of spoken and written language
13 Text :a continuous stretch of (especially spoken language) larger than a sentence, often constituting a coherent unit, such as sermon, argument, joke or narrative Crystal 1992:25)A text is any stretch of language which is held together cohesively through meaning
14 Types of TextShort Functional Texts : letters, announcement, sms, public noticesMonologues and dialogues (interpersonal or transactional)Spoken and Written text types (Recount, narratives, procedures, descriptive texts, explanation, discussion, debate, public speaking, technical documents)
15 Materials in RPP includes the elements making up a text Language Sample1. A : Good morning. How are you ?B : Good morning. Fine thank you.2. A : Hello, I’m Nina. Nice to meet youB : Hello, I’m Renny. Nice to meet you, tooKosakata terkait tema / jenis teks.Verbs : live, meet, do, stop, haveTo be : is, am, arePersonal Pronouns : I, you, we, they, he, she, itGambits, standard expressions
16 Methods and Procedures 7. Writing the metode pembelajaran (Teaching Methods)using appropriate methodsPPP (Presentation Practice Production,TPR (Total Physical Response)CTL (Contextual Language Learning)Task-based approachESA ( Engage, Study, Activate)Four Steps (BKOF, MOT, JCOT, ICOT)Five Steps (BKOF, MOT, JCOT, ICOT, LRT)
17 Methods and Procedures 8. Designing langkah-langkah pembelajaran (Teaching Procedure)Looking at the teaching method in number seven and follow it with a good understanding9. Designing the penilaian (evaluation)Looking at all of the elements especially the language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing).Using your knowledge on evaluation in language teaching and language testing (look at good textbooks for ideas)
18 Selection and Use of Resources and Materials Checking the form and use of grammatical structureChecking the spelling, pronunciation and use of lexical itemsAnticipating learners’ difficultiesLooking for new approaches to teaching lessons and new classroom activitiesFinding out how to use materials in your course booksGetting advice about particular lessons or teaching materialsTeachers need to always update their knowledge on language and technology
19 Evaluation Designing the penilaian (evaluation) Looking at all of the elements especially the language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing).Using your knowledge on evaluation in language teaching and language testing (look at good textbooks for ideas)
20 writing a lesson plan based on the school-based curriculum Let’s practice:writing a lesson plan based on the school-based curriculum
21 Have a great lesson planning! Thank youHave a great lesson planning!