Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to the Puritan Unit"— Presentation transcript:
1An Introduction to the Puritan Unit Puritan LifeAn Introduction to the Puritan Unit
2Puritans – The Facts They didn’t like the Church of England They were a large Protestant groupBeginning in 1560, they tried to “purify” themselves and the ChurchThey held strong spiritual beliefsPuritans suffered persecution in England. They were jailed, whipped, and hanged, so they came to America for freedom of religion.
3Puritans The Facts (cont.) Puritan Life was strict with no margin for errorTheir clothing was usually black, white or gray and they lived a simple and religious life.
4SettlementIn 1624, they formed the Massachusetts Bay Company and got permission from King Charles I of England to build a colony.They settled in Massachusetts Bay and called their first settlement Boston.
5Puritan Spiritual Beliefs Puritans believed in the concept of PredestinationElaborated by John Calvin who taught that human beings were born sinful because they inherited the original sin of Adam and EveThe belief was that God predestined some people to go to Heaven and some to go to Hell. The “elect,” were those who were saved, and the “unregenerate,” were those who were damnedEven “the elect” were born sinful, the difference is that they are saved at some point in their lives
6Puritan Spiritual Beliefs (cont.) Two indications that you were an “elect”:#1-you were saved by the grace of God and you could feel the grace arriving in an emotional fashion#2-the inner arrival of God’s grace was demonstrated in your outward behavior—the effect was that you behaved like a saintThe American Puritans came to value self-reliance, industriousness, temperance, and simplicityNo “extra credit” was given for hard workers
8Puritan Religion and Witchcraft Puritans also believed the Devil was as real as God.In keeping with the Puritan code of conformity, the first women to be accused of witchcraft in Salem were seen as different and as social outcasts: Tituba, a slave; Sarah Good, a homeless beggar; and Sarah Osborne, a sickly old woman who married her servant.
9Puritan EducationThe Bible was believed to contain the literal word of GodEducation was important to “purify” the new generationHarvard College was originally established in 1636 to train Puritan ministers
10Puritan PoliticsThe Puritans believed that the “elect” should exert great influence on the government, thus their views tended to be rather undemocraticThe Puritans also believed in the concept of Theocracy, or government ruled by GodThe contract, or covenant, with God enjoined them to create a society governed by the BiblePuritans demanded strict conformity: Dissenters were often beaten or in the worst cases, killed.