2Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface.It usually gives us a feeling about its subject.Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.Printed QuizOnline Quiz
3Recognizing Literal Language “I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten.Literal language is language that means exactly what is said.Most of the time, we useliteral language.
4What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
5Types of Figurative Language ImagerySimileMetaphorAlliterationPersonificationOnomatopoeiaHyperboleIdioms
6Imagery • Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell Imagery - Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.• Sight• Hearing• Touch• Taste• Smell
7SimileSimile-A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as.Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
8MetaphorMetaphor-A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as.Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the desert.
9Simile or Metaphor????The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves.As the teacher entered the room she muttered under her breath, "This class is like a three-ring circus!"The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack.The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.
10Simile or Metaphor???? I feel like a limp dishrag. Those girls are like two peas in a pod.The fluorescent light was the sun during our test.No one invites Harold to parties because he’s a wet blanket.The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail in a room full of rocking chairs.
14AlliterationAlliteration-repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words.Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
15PersonificationPersonification-A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.Example: “The wind yells while blowing."The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
16Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia-The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
17Alliteration, Personification, or Onomatopoeia Money is the only friend that I can count on.The world does not care to hear your sad stories.Did your child flush the toilet.Alice’s aunt ate apples and acorns around August.He whipped out his sword.Fred’s friends fried Fritos for Friday’s food.The trees dropped their leaves and rested.
18Alliteration, Personification, or Onomatopoeia Kim’s kid’s kept kiting!Tim took tons of tools to make toys for tots.The wind stood up and gave a shout.The silence crept into the classroom.Thunder grumbled and raindrops reported for duty.My dog says woof four times when he wants to play ball.She loved to jangle her bracelets.
22HyperboleHyperbole-An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Hyperboles sometimes compare like things.Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.
23IdiomsIdioms are expressions that have an entirely different meaning from what they say. They cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word into another language.Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.
24Hyperbole or Idiom? What Does it Mean? He's got tons of money.Cat got your tongue?He is so hungry he could eat a horse.You need to take the bull by the horns.Some of you drive me up a wall.I will die if she asks me to dance.Your room is such a mess that your clothes are piled to the ceiling.
25Hyperbole or Idiom? What Does it Mean? He is such a bad neighbor that everyone left town.Sam let the cat out of the bag about the party.He is so mad that steam is coming out of his ears.Mr. Wright stole my thunder.It was raining cats and dogs yesterday.He as big as a giant.Your momma’s so old she was around during the dinosaurs.
26Figurative Language Resources Eye on Idioms (Online PPT)Paint by Idioms (Game)Alliteration or Simile? (Quiz)Similes and Metaphors (PPT)The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms (PPT)Alliteration (PPT)Onomatopoeia (PPT)Personification (PPT)Hyperbole (PPT)Idioms (PPT)Simile (PPT)
27Teaching Similes and Metaphors Alliteration Lesson Plan and ResourcesHyperbole- Lesson Plans and ResourcesIdiom Lesson PlanImagery- Lesson Plans and ResourcesLesson Plan for PunsOnomatopoeia- Lesson Plans and ResourcesPersonification Lesson Plans and ResourcesProverbs- Lesson Plans and Resources