Presentation on theme: "LEARNING OBJECTIVES 4. I know that cells are the basic unit of all life and I can describe the functions that cells/life forms must carry out. 5. I know."— Presentation transcript:
LEARNING OBJECTIVES 4. I know that cells are the basic unit of all life and I can describe the functions that cells/life forms must carry out. 5. I know that single-celled organisms have parts to help them carry out all of life’s functions. 7. I know that plant and animal cells have parts in common and parts that are different in order to carry out life functions. 8. I can use a diagram or model to explain the difference between plant and animal cells.
LIVINGCells are the smallest unit of LIFE! They are the building blocks of LIVING things. No matter if an organism has ONE cell or many, they share the same basic parts.
ORGANELLES Inside the cell, are structures (parts) called ORGANELLES (means “little organs”) Each organelle has a certain function (job) to do.
***We are only learning about the basic organelles; there are others which you might hear about in the reading and activities but you will not be tested on those.
Fill in the Table as we go Cell part is given, Write in any functions Note the pictures that go with each part
CYTOPLASM CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture CYTOPLASM GEL- GEL- like material inside the cell. o Mostly water o The other organelles “float” in cytoplasm o “Cyto” means cell o “-plasm” means jelly
CELL MEMBRANE CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture CELL MEMBRANE GATEKEEPER “GATEKEEPER” —controls what goes in and out of the cell.
NUCLEUS CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture NUCLEUS ACTIVITIES Directs all cell ACTIVITIES o Contains DNA (instructions for cell) o Largest organelle o “boss” of other organelles
MITOCHONDRIA CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture MITOCHONDRIA o Releases ENERGY in the cell; “POWERHOUSE” o Performs cellular respiration
CHLOROPLAST CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture CHLOROPLAST o Found in PLANT CELLS only!!! o Converts SOLAR (SUN) ENERGY into cell energy.
CELL WALL CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture CELL WALL o Found in plants ONLY! o OUTER SUPPORT structure; made of cellulose.
VACUOLES CELL PARTJOB/FUNCTION Picture VACUOLES o Stores WATER, food, and waste products. Usually larger in PLANTS.
Cell WallsCell Walls ChloroplastsChloroplasts Clip What are the two parts plant cells have that animal cells do not have?
Cells on the light microscope
Plant Cells on the light microscope
Cells are Systems! Individual cells are SYSTEMS because they have PARTS that work together to do a certain JOB.
Cells are Systems! What are some INPUTS? Food, water, oxygen, light (plant cells) What are some OUTPUTS? waste, CO 2, water, chemical/thermal energy Open or Closed? Why? Open because MATTER (molecules) can go IN/OUT of the cell membrane
Cell Structures by Brainpop
Types of Cells Clip Types of Cells Clip (~6 min) Types of Cells Clip