Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Teknik penulisan ilmiah: Tugas akhir S1,S2,S3 Bagaimana cara mengutip? Bagaimana cara menulis referensi? Oleh: D. Erwin Irawan Referensi: SPS 2008 SPH.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Teknik penulisan ilmiah: Tugas akhir S1,S2,S3 Bagaimana cara mengutip? Bagaimana cara menulis referensi? Oleh: D. Erwin Irawan Referensi: SPS 2008 SPH."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teknik penulisan ilmiah: Tugas akhir S1,S2,S3 Bagaimana cara mengutip? Bagaimana cara menulis referensi? Oleh: D. Erwin Irawan Referensi: SPS 2008 SPH 2004

2 Teknik mengutip referensi dalam teks: Smith (1991) compared risk factors... In a recent study of risk factors (Smith 1991),... In 1991, Smith compared risk factors... In a recent study of risk factors, Smith (1991) described similar effects. Smith also found... A recent report says Portugal's `low birthrate of 16 per 1000 inhabitants in 1980 was achieved despite only modest use of modern contraceptives' (IFPP 1984: 71). As explained by Armitage and Berry (1987: 469), the implications of excess risk depend... 2Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

3 Teknik mengutip referensi dalam teks: If there are more than two authors, it is sufficient to use the name of the first plus ‘et al’, unless that causes confusion between works by Smith, Bloggs and Kobayashi (1989) and by Smith, Thomas, Honda and Brown (1989). Smith, Bloggs et al. (1989) and Smith, Thomas et al. (1989). If the same author(s) published more than one work in a year, add letters to distinguish them, such as Irwig et al. (1992a) and Irwig et al. (1992b). If several references occur together, separate them with semicolons. For references by the same authors in different years, there is no need to repeat the authors’ names: Oakley 1979, 1980; Rothman 1982; Zola Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

4 Dua tipe utama penulisan referensi (Referencing) Harvard Vancouver 4Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

5 Elemen yang perlu dicatat: Nama lengkap penulis (tanpa gelar akademik) Nama editor (tanpa gelar akademik) Judul: – Ditulis seperti menulis kalimat biasa. – Hanya kata pertama pada awal judul dan kata benda tertentu yang ditulis dengan huruf besar – Judul tidak dalam huruf besar semua. – Kalau ada subjudul, pisahkan dengan “:” Tahun penerbitan Nama jurnal/prosiding Halaman pertama dan terakhir Organisasi yang menerbitkan, atau event penerbitan (misal PIT IAGI ke-xx) Lokasi penerbitan (kota, negara) Kata-kata, istilah, nama kota, organisasi dalam bahasa asing dicetak miring 5Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

6 Contoh: skripsi, tesis, disertasi Shelley, J.M. (1991). Women's participation in Pap smear screening in NSW [PhD thesis]. Sydney: University of Sydney. Youssef, N.M. (1988). School adjustment of children with congenital heart disease [dissertation]. Pittsburgh (PA): University of Pittsburgh. 6Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

7 Contoh: artikel dalam jurnal ilmiah Harris, A.H., Cercarelli, L.R. & Hobbs, M.S.T. (1992). Historical trends in road accident types, deaths and casualties in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Public Health, 16(2) June, Harris, A.H., Cercarelli, L.R. & Hobbs, M.S.T. (1992). Historical trends in road accident types, deaths and casualties in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Public Health, 16, Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

8 Contoh: artikel dalam jurnal ilmiah Rancke-Madsen, A. & Tanska, I. (1992). Legalt provokerede aborter 1990 [Legally induced abortions in 1990]. Ugeskrift for Laeger, 154(4), Nutbeam, D. (1991). Present progress and future challenges for health promotion: observations from a recent migrant [editorial]. Australian Journal of Public Health, 15, Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

9 Contoh: artikel dalam jurnal ilmiah The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone-marrow Transplantation Team (1977). Failure of sygeneic bone-marrow graft without preconditioning in post- hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet, 2, IFPP (1984). Portugal achieves low birthrate despite modest use of contraceptives. International Family Planning Perspectives, 10(2), Hindari menggunakan kata ‘Anonymous’ atau ‘Anon.’ atau ‘____________’. In press Lillywhite, H.B. & Donald, J.A. (in press). Pulmonary blood flow regulation in an aquatic snake. Science. 9Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

10 Contoh: buku teks Personal author(s) – de Vaus, D.A. (1990). Surveys in Social Research. 2nd ed. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. Editor(s), compiler as author – Diener, H.C. & Wilkinson, M., eds (1988). Drug-Induced Headache. New York: Springer-Verlag. Author and editor – Cumpston, J.H.L. (1989). Health and Disease in Australia: A History. Lewis, M.J. ed. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Translation – Beauvoir, S. de (1972). The Second Sex. H.M. Parshley, trans. and ed. Harmondsworth (Middx): Penguin. First published (1949) as Le Deuxième Sexe. 10Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

11 Contoh: buku teks Organisation, group as author – Boston Women's Health Book Collective (1985). The New Our Bodies, Ourselves. Ringwood (Vic.): Penguin. National Health and Medical Research Council (1991). Immunisation Procedures. 4th ed. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Organisation as author and publisher – AGPS (1988). Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers. 4th ed. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Chapter in a book – Versluysen, M.C. (1981). Midwives, medical men and ‘poor women labouring of child’ lying-in hospitals in eighteenth-century London. In: H. Roberts, ed. Women, Health and Reproduction. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

12 Contoh: prosiding seminar/konferensi Hall, R. & Richters, J., eds (1992). Immunisation: The Old and the New. Proceedings of the Second National Immunisation Conference, Canberra, May Canberra: Public Health Association of Australia. October Vallentine, J. (1992). Vaccination and medical defence. In: R. Hall and J. Richters, eds (1992). Immunisation: The Old and the New. Proceedings of the Second National Immunisation Conference, Canberra, May Canberra: Public Health Association of Australia, Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

13 Contoh: prosiding seminar/konferensi Vallentine, J. (1992). Vaccination and medical defence. Proceedings of the Second National Immunisation Conference, Canberra, May Canberra: Public Health Association of Australia, Vallentine, J. (1992). Vaccination and medical defence. Proceedings of the Second Public Health Association of Australia, Canberra, May 1991, Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

14 Contoh: Laporan Australian Bureau of Statistics ABS (1985). Projections of the population of Australia, states and territories, 1984 to Cat. No Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Committee reports. Commission of Inquiry into Poverty (1975). Poverty in Australia. First Main Report (R.F. Henderson, Chairman). Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Commission of Inquiry into Poverty (1975). Legal Aid in Australia. Research report, Law and Poverty Series. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Women's Health Policy Review Committee (1985). Women's Health Services in New South Wales. Final Report (F. LoPo, Chairperson). Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales. 14Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

15 Contoh: Laporan Ergas, H. (1986). Telecommunications and the Australian economy. Report to the Department of Communications. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Callaghan, A.R. (1972). The wheat industry and stabilization [unpublished]. Report to the Minister for Primary Industry. Canberra. Bureau of Transport Economics (1985). Economic Regulation of Aviation in Australia. Seminar Papers and Proceedings. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. 15Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

16 Contoh: Laporan Bureau of Transport Economics (1986). Demand for Australian Domestic Aviation Services. Occasional Paper No. 79. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Department of Employment and Industrial Relations (1984). Annual Report Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. 16Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

17 Contoh: Laporan Australian Standard AS Sampling procedures and tables for inspection by attributes. Sydney: Standards Association of Australia. Newspaper, magazine article Perrottet, T. (1990). Weisberg's wisdom: look before you leap. Medical Observer (Sydney) 3 August: SMH (1987). Researchers defend claim that children watch video ‘nasties’. Sydney Morning Herald 21 March: 7. 17Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

18 Contoh: Leaflet/brosur NSW DH (1987). Head lice [leaflet]. State Health Publication No. (HSU) Sydney: NSW Department of Health. ACON (n.d.). Safe sex summer 1988 [leaflet]. Sydney: AIDS Council of NSW. 18Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

19 Contoh: Referensi versi elektronik /online Monograph in electronic format – Reeves, JRT, & Maibach H. (1995). CDI, Clinical Dermatology Illustrated [monograph on CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. Version 2.0. San Diego: CMEA. www site – Health on the Net Foundation. Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode) for Medical and Health Web Sites [Online]. Geneva. Available from: [Accessed June 19, 2001]. October Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan

20 Contoh: Referensi versi elektronik /online Piranti lunak (software) – Medi-Sim, (1988). Renal system [computer program]. MSDOS version. Edwardsville (KS): Medi Sim. Journal article in electronic format – Morse, SS. (1995). Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online], 1(1). Available from: [Accessed 5 June 1996]. 20Dr.D.Erwin Irawan - KK Geologi Terapan


Download ppt "Teknik penulisan ilmiah: Tugas akhir S1,S2,S3 Bagaimana cara mengutip? Bagaimana cara menulis referensi? Oleh: D. Erwin Irawan Referensi: SPS 2008 SPH."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google