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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT 1 Assuring Individual Rights Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Section 2: Rights of the Accused.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT 1 Assuring Individual Rights Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Section 2: Rights of the Accused."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT 1 Assuring Individual Rights Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Section 2: Rights of the Accused Section 3: Ensuring Fair Trials and Punishments CHAPTER 14

2 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 2 Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Objectives: What does the term due process mean? How is procedural due process different from substantive due process? How do the Fourth Amendment and due process protect people’s security against unreasonable state action? How does the Bill of Rights protect people’s privacy?

3 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 3 Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Due process means the government must follow fair procedures set by law when carrying out government duties.

4 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 4 Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Difference between procedural due process and substantive due process: procedural due process—ensures that the government applies laws fairly and according to set procedures substantive due process—determines if a law is fair and constitutional

5 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 5 Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties Protections of people’s security against unreasonable state action: The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unjust government interference forces authorities to show probable cause to obtain a search warrant prevents the authorities from conducting unreasonable searches of people and their possessions Due process prevents the government’s abuse of police power forces the authorities to follow set procedures in carrying out their duties

6 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 6 Section 1: Protecting Individual Liberties The Bill of Rights protects people’s privacy against the government’s police power.

7 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 7 Section 2: Rights of the Accused Objectives: How does the Constitution protect the right of habeas corpus and protect against bills of attainder and ex post facto laws? How do requirements for bringing charges before grand juries protect the rights of people accused of crimes? How does the Fifth Amendment protect against self- incrimination?

8 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 8 Section 2: Rights of the Accused How the Constitution protects the right of habeas corpus and against bills of attainder and ex post facto laws: Article I, Section 9 guarantees accused people the right to a writ of habeas corpus. Article I, Sections 9 and 10 prevents Congress and state governments from passing bills of attainder. Article I, Sections 9 and 10 prevents federal and state governments from passing ex post facto laws.

9 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 9 Section 2: Rights of the Accused Requirements for bringing charges before grand juries protect the rights of people accused of crimes by limiting the government’s control in holding and indicting accused people.

10 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 10 Section 2: Rights of the Accused Fifth Amendment protections against self-incrimination: protects people accused of crimes from providing evidence against themselves at their own trials or during questioning by law enforcement officials protects people accused of crimes from being forced to incriminate themselves requires that people accused of crimes be informed of the Miranda Rule, their right to refuse to answer questions of law enforcement officials if it might be self-incriminating

11 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 11 Section 3: Ensuring Fair Trials and Punishments Objectives: Which amendments of the Bill of Rights help guarantee the right to a fair trial? In what ways does the Bill of Rights protect convicted criminals from excessive punishment?

12 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 12 Section 3: Ensuring Fair Trials and Punishments The Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Amendments of the Bill of Rights help guarantee the right to a fair trial.

13 A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Assuring Individual Rights 13 Section 3: Ensuring Fair Trials and Punishments Ways the Bill of Rights protects convicted criminals from excessive punishment: protects them from cruel punishment guards them from unusual punishment

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT 14 Chapter Wrap-Up 1.What is the difference between procedural due process and substantive due process? 2.What role does due process play in protecting the security and privacy of the people? 3.How does the writ of habeas corpus protect the rights of the accused? 4.What is the Miranda Rule? In what way does this rule protect people’s right not to incriminate themselves?

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON A MERICAN GOVERNMENT HOLT 15 Chapter Wrap-Up 5.What is capital punishment? How has the Supreme Court applied the Eighth Amendment to cases involving capital punishment? 6.What elements of a fair trial are protected by the Bill of Rights?


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