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Wellness Class 2013-2014.  Tell someone on your team what you know about tobacco…

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Presentation on theme: "Wellness Class 2013-2014.  Tell someone on your team what you know about tobacco…"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wellness Class

2  Tell someone on your team what you know about tobacco…

3  Share with someone new about what you discussed with your first partner about tobacco…  Lets Share…

4  A single puff of a tobacco cigarette contains over 4,000 harmful chemicals  68 of them are Class A carcinogens –  Known to cause cancer  The 3 main chemicals in cigarette smoke are:  Nicotine  Tar  Carbon monoxide

5  Made by tobacco plants to keep insects away  Poisonous to insects  Very physically addictive  1/3 of all people who try a cigarette will become addicted

6  Over 400,000 people die each year in the U.S. from smoking-related illnesses  2 nd hand smoke is also very harmful to health  Also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)  Passive smokers  Can cause irritated eyes, nose and throat; heart disease, allergic reactions, including asthma; lung cancer

7  Since the 1990’s, young people have been getting smarter about using tobacco  From 1991 – 1996, there was a 50% increase of smoking among 8 th and 10 th graders  From 1996 – 2005, rates of smoking have declined.

8  The majority of youth are smoke free  88% of 8 th graders had not used any tobacco product in the past 30 days (CDC, 2006)  92% had not used cigarettes  97% had not used smokeless tobacco  However, 2.6 million adolescents in U.S. smoke cigarettes  1.3 million people under age 18 try their first cigarette  387,000 become daily smokers  % of adult smokers started before age 18  Often leads to alcohol and other drugs

9  Bad breath  Smelly clothes  Increased heart rate  Leads to yellow teeth and fingers

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11  Cigarettes  Smokeless tobacco  Chewing tobacco  Snuff  Pipe  Cigar  New electronic cigarettes  Smokeless  Still contain nicotine Risk: nicotine poisoning Still undergoing research and testing

12  Safer in some ways, no smoke  Risk nicotine poisoning  New, still need more testing

13  Higher doses of nicotine can cause:  Dizziness  Faintness  Rapid pulse  Cold, clammy skin  Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

14  Surgeon general warnings are small, inconspicuous – tobacco companies make them as small as possible  Companies try to manipulate young people to smoke  85% - 90 % of all smokers begin before the age of 18  Tobacco companies spend $41.5 million on ads per day!  (That’s 15.4 billion per year)

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18  Nicotine is a stimulant that artificially speeds up the heart rate  People who smoke have an increased risk of:  Heart disease  High blood pressure

19  Healthy and diseased lungs from smoking

20  Alveoli are little air sacs in the lungs that hold oxygen when we breathe  Once alveoli get hard from tar, like the dry sponge, they pop  The more a person smokes, the more alveoli they pop – this is called emphysema  Alveoli are like packing bubbles  The more alveoli that pop, the worse a person’s emphysema gets  Most of the time, a person with emphysema continues smoking because they are addicted  What happens to a person when their alveoli pop?  it gets harder to breathe  alveoli don’t grow back

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22 Pulmonary= Lungs  Emphysema  Alveoli are damaged  Reduces amount of air exchange in lungs  Chronic bronchitis  Lining of airways is constantly irritated and inflamed  Lots of mucus in airways; hard to breathe

23  Nicotine is extremely addictive  More addictive than heroin and cocaine  Mimics the effects of neurotransmitters in the brain Chemicals that carry messages from one part of the brain to another  Changes number of receptors for neurotransmitters in the brain Results in tolerance Needing higher levels of nicotine to feels same effects.

24  Look to see what the ads are trying to sell…

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31  Groups of 4  Collaboration of activities & worksheets  Complete worksheets by the end of the day

32  Lesson #1: What Tobacco Does To Your Body  Read the pamphlet & fill out the Concept Map on Chapter #13 Lesson #1

33  To simulate what happens to the heart:  Step 1: Take your pulse Do not take with thumb – it has its own pulse Take with index or middle finger Take either carotid, on neck, or radial, on the thumb side of wrist A pulse is counted in beats per minute BPM) Do you need to count for 60 seconds? What is an easier way? You’ll count for 30 seconds, and multiply by 2 Find your pulse, and begin counting when I say go. Write down your number and multiply by 2.

34  Now pretend you have smoked a cigarette  Nicotine is a stimulant Speeds up the body Speeds up the heart  How can you speed up your heart right now?  You will exercise for 60 seconds to speed up your heart  Jumping jacks, run in place, burpees, imaginary jump rope, star jump….  Now find your new pulse rate  Nicotine raises the heart rate in a similar way

35  Lesson #2: What Tobacco Does to Your Body  Read the pamphlet & fill out the Concept Map on Chapter #8 Lesson #2

36  Fitness Activity  Run back and forth the width of the gym  When you are done take 10 full breaths through the straw  This shows how your breathing can be affected if you smoke

37  Lesson #3: Choosing To Be Tobacco Free  Read the pamphlet & fill out the Concept Map on Chapter #13 Lesson #3


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