2 For Starters You need a notebook! 3 ring binder with loose leaf You need to bring your notebook everyday and takes notes every time Ms. Rogers says “We are taking notes”There will be notebook quizzesDo you take notes when Ms. Rogers says to?Is you notebook organized and dated?Then you will do FANTASTICALLY well on your NB quizzesWarm-ups go in notebook, too, on your own paperDate them and answer the questions so you know what is being asked (or copy question down)
3 The British settled the North American Continent 13 original coloniesNew England, Middle colonies, Southern coloniesThe South becomes a slavery-dependent region with plantations (or large farms)Slaves imported from AfricaSome indentured servants used in VirginiaWhereas the North and Middle colonies are more manufacturing, fishing, and small-scale farming based economiesDO NOW: On your notes sheets, list the major characteristics of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies
4 A period of time known as the “Enlightenment” takes root in Europe in the 1700s Spreads to AmericaIdeals of liberty, right to property, etc.Philosopher John Locke write about “natural rights” (rights to liberty, life, property)Thomas Jefferson eventually borrows Locke’s Ideas to draft the:
5 French and Indian WarThe English and French go to war with one another over land in North AmericaThe French lose a good chunk of land as a result of the warThe British then have a huge empire in North America but have spent a lot of $$ on the warIn 1763 the King of England issues the Proclamation of 1763DO NOW: Why did Britain issue the Proclamation of 1763? What did it say? How did the American colonists feel about it? (answer all 3 questions on your notes sheet)
6 The Beginning of the Revolution Remember! The British were now “poor” thanks to the French and Indian War,so what do they do?DO NOW: What do you think the British began doing in the late 1760s through 1770s that angered the colonists?
7 Tensions RisingThe American colonist became increasingly frustrated with the BritishThe Stamp ActThe Quartering ActThe Townshend ActsThe Tea ActThe Intolerable Acts (response to Boston Tea Party)Increasing British troop presence to “watch-over” American colonists
8 Tensions between American Colonists and the British 1763-1775 Fill in any missing blanks and answer these questions:What sort of feelings did British policies evoke from the colonists?What period of time/philosophical movement inspired Americans to feel this way?Colonial “Minutemen” and British soldiers clash in the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War at Lexington and ConcordIn 1773, England passes the Tea Act, which creates a monopoly on tea. The colonists respond by having the __________________ __________. Their punishment is the _________________________.1767 The Townshend Acts:American protestors are killed by British Soldiers in the ______________________ in March of1770The __________ _______ passed by English Parliament taxes things such as newspapers and playing cards. Colonists were angry.1765 The Quartering Act:The Proclamation of__________says that colonists may not settle west of the Appalachian Mts
9 Road to RevolutionThe First Continental Congress meets in 1774 after the Intolerable Acts are passedCongress issues a Declaration of Rights calling for a removal of British troops from colonies and repeal of the Intolerable Acts(Petition to the King)Agreed to boycott BritishgoodsFormed militias (“minutemen”)
10 Road to Revolution Not long after the First Continental Congress, British soldiers and American minutemen face-offin the first armed conflict of the RevolutionaryWar: Lexington and Concord (April 1775)The British had planned a surprise attack on colonist to capture colonial weapons that had been stock piled in ConcordAmericans surprised the British in Lexington, on the way to Concord, and despite being outnumbered, held their own in the skirmishKnown as the “shot heard ‘round the world”
11 War!With the conflict at Lexington and Concord, colonial leaders knew they need to meet again: Second Continental Congress (May 1775)Created official “Continental Army”Leader: George Washington (French & Indian War general)Created two opposing documents:“Olive Branch Petition”A Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms (hmm, sounds familiar?)
12 War! King George III rejects the olive branch petition Thomas Jefferson (Virginia lawyer) finishes the Declaration of Independence(Important: See Ms. Rogers if you did NOT cover the Dec. of Independence in your class yet)
13 Why did the Americans win? More to lose! What would have happened had they lost?Knew the landFrench help! After an American victory at the Battle of SaratogaBen Franklin’s mad diplomatic skillz
14 Treaty of Paris 1783 Britain recognizes U.S. as a sovereign nation Gives them the land we see here (in pink)To Mississippi RiverBritain recognizes U.S. as a sovereign nationGives them the land we see here (in pink)To Mississippi RiverLoyalists essentially“forgiven”
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