Presentation on theme: "Piano= Soft Forte=Loud Fortissimo= Very Loud Pianissimo= Very Soft Mezzoforte = Medium Loud Mezzopiano = Medium Soft Crescendo (cresc.) Means to get louder."— Presentation transcript:
Piano= Soft Forte=Loud Fortissimo= Very Loud Pianissimo= Very Soft Mezzoforte = Medium Loud Mezzopiano = Medium Soft Crescendo (cresc.) Means to get louder Diminuendo (dim) means to getsofter
Grave = Extremely Slow Largo = Very Slow Adagio = Slow Moderato = Moderate Speed Andante = Walking Speed Allegro = Fast and joyful Vivo / Vivace = Very Fast Accelerando means to get faster Ritardando means to get slower
= Four beats in = Two beats in = Three beats in The “dot of prolongation adds half of the note value to the primary note = one beat in = half a beat in =
The Entertainer – Ragtime music features many accented offbeats.
4 beats per measure a quarter note gets one beat Common time = 4/4 Three beats per measure a quarter notes gets a beat A Waltz is in ¾ time Five beats per measure a quarter note gets a beat Cut time means there are two beats per measure and a half note gets a beat Marches are often in cut time
D.S. – Dal Segno = back to the sign D.C. – Da Capo = back to the beginning Segno, or Italian for sign Coda – an added ending on a piece of musicRepeat sign Accent – emphasize this note Fermata – hold this note until the conductor cuts you off Caesura – a complete stop in a piece of music
A flat lowers a note a half step A natural means to play the Regular note, it gets rid of A sharp or a flat A sharp raises a note a half step Staccato notes are played short and detatched Ex.
Tutti – everyone plays Unison – many instruments playing the same notes Enharmonic – two different names for the same note Interval – the distance between two notes Half step – the distance from a note to it’s “sharp” (Ex. C to C#). Whole step – two half steps Ostinato – a repeated musical passage Ledger lines – notes played outside the staff Chromatic Scale – a scale with all half steps Ritardando – slowing down Simile – play the notes the same as before Sforzando – a type of harsh accent Scale – an ascending series of seven notes in the pattern WWHWWWH
1.Once a note is flat or sharp in a measure it stays flat or sharp. 2.A natural will cancel out a previous flat or sharp in a measure. 3.The bar line cancels out any sharps or flats from the previous measure. What is the name of the last note?