2GPSSS7G11 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, physical characteristics, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Southern and Eastern Asia.a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern Asia.b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.
3E.Q.How do location, climate, physical characteristics and distribution of natural resources impact the population distribution in SE Asia?
4Think/Pair/ShareWhat do you think is important when choosing a place to live?
5Vocabulary Monsoon: seasonal wind Semi-arid: partly dry Typhoon: tropical hurricaneBorder/Boundary: where 2 states or countries touchClimate: the weather over a long period of timeTerrain: landNomad: a person who travels from place to placeNatural Resource: something found in the environment that people need and can use
6Nearby oceans, mountains, deserts, latitude and wind patterns affect climate. How?
7India: Many Types of Climate North: mountains (snow and ice)Middle: Deccan Plateau (hot and dry)South: coastal (steamy and hot)Border with Pakistan: hot, dry desertGanges Plain: humid (steamy) and tropical
8IndiaMost people farm, so they live along the rivers and in fertile river valleys.Some of India’s largest cities are along the Ganges River or the coast.Fewer live in the Deccan Plateau.
9India Climate is shaped by seasonal winds. Winter: monsoons blow from the northeast and bring hot, dry air from the desert.Spring and summer: monsoons blow from southwest and bring heavy rains from the ocean.But…sometimes they bring too much.Summer monsoons bring much-needed rain.
10India People of India live their lives around the monsoons. When the monsoons are mild, they are able to farm the rich river valley soil and use the rivers for transportation and trade.
11China: Many Types of Climates China is so large, it has nearly every kind of climate.Mongolia, in the north, is semi-arid.Deserts in the middle are harsh and dry.High mountains in the south cut China off from India and block moisture from the Indian Ocean.East and south: humid and tropical
12ChinaMost of China’s 1.3 billion people live where the climate is milder, in the river valleys where the land is fertile.
13Japan’s Climate Island nation on far eastern edge of East Asia Climate is affected by ocean currentsJapan Current (Kuroshio) comes from south – brings warm water to southern and eastern coasts (more farming)Oyashio Current comes from north – cools northern coast (more fishing)
14Japan’s ClimateMonsoon rainsTropical hurricanes called typhoons
15Like the northeast corner of China North Korea’s ClimateNorth Korea shares a border with ChinaShort summersLong cold wintersMountainousNot as heavily populated as South KoreaLike the northeast corner of China
16South Korea’s Climate Fewer mountains Milder climate due to warm winds from the oceanLarger population than North KoreaMany live in the largest city, Seoul (that’s what makes it large, I guess…)More farming than in North Korea
17Vietnam’s Climate Further to the southeast Warmer and tropical Warm climate and river plains create rich farmlands90% of the world’s rice is grown in Vietnam
18CRCT Test Prep pagesThe climate of India is affected by seasonal winds calledHurricanesMonsoonsTyphoonsTornadoesB. Monsoons
19CRCT Test Prep pages2. Where do most of the people of India live?Southern coastCenter of the countryNorthwest near PakistanAlong the great rivers and fertile valleysD. Along the great rivers and fertile valleys
20CRCT Test Prep pages3. What is the best way to describe the climate of China?Hot and dryMild and temperateRainy and subtropicalCombination of all of theseD. Combination of all of these
21CRCT Test Prep pages140-141 4. Where do most Chinese live? In Mongolia to the northIn the central hilly plateau regionArea of the country with milder climatesAround the Gobi and Taklimakan DesertsC. Area of the country with milder climates
22CRCT Test Prep pages5. Which has a major effect on the climate of Japan?Ocean currentsMonsoon rains from IndiaWinds coming off the desertCold air sweeping off large glaciersA. Ocean currents
23CRCT Test Prep pages6. What is the best way to describe the climate and geography of North Korea?Mountainous and coolLarge deserts, hot and dryMostly river delta and tropicalMix of mountains and river valleys and mild temperaturesA. Mountainous and cool
24CRCT Test Prep pages7. Which type of climate makes Vietnam ideal for growing rice?Warm and tropicalDry and desert-likeColder due to winds from glaciersBitter cold in winter, hot in summerA. Warm and tropical
25India’s Physical Characteristics: Mountains 3 mountain ranges separate India from the rest of AsiaHindu KushHimalayasKarakoramFor this reason, India is called a subcontinent
26India’s Physical Characteristics: Mountains Good:Bad:mountains have sometimes stopped invaders from the north who wanted India’s fertile river valleys.Sometimes invaders used natural mountain passes to enter India and take over.
27Many of India’s large cities are in the fertile river valleys. Good:Bad:Rivers provideTransportationtrade routesWater for irrigation & drinkingPeople move from rural areas to the cities to find work.Rivers provide easiest way to dispose of wastehumanindustrialanimalMost cities have problems withovercrowdingair and waterpollution
28China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrains 2 deserts:GobiTaklimakanThe few who live here are nomads and animal herders.
29China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrain Some parts of northern and western China have moderate climates and farming is possibleNortheast (Huang He River Valley) is most populatedBeijing, China’s capitalindustrial center of China
30China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrain Southeast: Along Yangtze River Valleymainly farming regionShanghai, China’s largest port city, is hereThree Gorges Dam is here – world’s largest hydroelectric damRapid industrialization has been good and bad for China:People find more work in the citiesCities become overcrowded as people move from rural areas
31North Korea’s Physical Characteristics Mountains make farming more difficultFast-flowing mountain rivers have been dammed to create hydroelectric power plantsNorth Korea makes a profit mining coal, iron, copper, and other mineralsMost people live on the western sideMountains slope to the seafarming is easiervideo
32South Korea’s Physical Characteristics Less mountainousMuch productive farmlandLarger population than DPRK25% of population lives in or near Seoul (capital)marketsjobseducationMilder climate than DPRK because of ocean winds
33Japan’s Physical Characteristics 80% is covered by mountainsVery little land is suitable for farmingJapan solves this problem byBuilding terracesPutting in irrigation channelsUsing different fertilizers & farming techniquesJapan still has to import food for its growing population
34Japan’s Physical Characteristics: Volcanoes! Bad:Good:Cause earthquakes – more than any other place in the worldBut -the Japanese have adjusted to the threat of earthquakes, though many are destructiveCause tsunamisHot springs around some volcanoes are used to heat water for people to use
35Japan’s Physical Characteristics Japan does not have much arable land for farming.Japanese depend on fishing for much of their foodJapan imports a lot of food from other countriesJapan has a highly industrialized economy, but no gas or oil resourcesThey must import fuel
36Natural Resources: Arable Land Rich farmland is one of the most valuable resources in SE AsiaAll SE Asian countries depend on agriculture to feed their peopleIndia & China have large areas of farmlandStill have trouble producing enough food to feed their rapidly growing populations
37Natural Resources: Coal India, China, North Korea, and South Korea have good supplies of coal.Good: major fuel and energy source for countries’ economiesBad: Major cause of air pollutionAir pollution is one of the greatest environmental hazards facing SE Asia
38Natural Resources: Minerals North & South Korea: lead, zincSouth Vietnam: phosphates, oilJapan: almost no natural resources Depends on industry and trade to supply its population with what they need
39CRCT Test Prep pagesHow have the mountain ranges in northern India affected the country’s development?A life in the mountains is so hard that no one lives there.The mountain ranges have prevented India from having any large cities.The mountain ranges have often protected India from northern invaders.Northern India has no large rivers because the mountains cut off the seasonal rains.C. The mountain ranges have often protected India from northern invaders.
40CRCT Test Prep pages2. Why do so many of the people of India live in the Ganges River Valley?The river provides fertile soil for farming.The Ganges River is the only source of fresh water in India.There are few other places in India where people can find work.They live along the Ganges River to keep away from polluted industrial areas.A. The river provides fertile soil for farming.
41CRCT Test Prep pages3. Why do most of the people of North Korea live in the western half of the country?The rest of North Korea is made up of desert.The area has more farmland and fewer mountains.There are fewer cities and less pollution in the west.There are no rivers in the mountains of North Korea.B. The area has more farmland and fewer mountains.
42CRCT Test Prep pages4. Why do almost 25% of the people in South Korea live in and around Seoul?The climate is subtropical and warm year-round.The area around Seoul is protected from seasonal rains.Most of the rest of the land in South Korea is not suited for farming.The city provides markets, jobs, and education not available in rural areas.D. The city provides markets, jobs, and education not available in rural areas.
43CRCT Test Prep pages5. How have the farmers of Japan been able to raise crops in land that is very mountainous?They grow only those crops that do not need fertilizer.Farmers are limited to crops that do not need irrigation.They have built farming terraces along the mountain slopes.They raise crops only in the small valleys found between the mountain ranges.C. They have built farming terraces along the mountain slopes.
44CRCT Test Prep pages6. How do the Japanese feed their people with so little good farmland?Many of the Japanese people starve each year.The Japanese depend on fishing and imported food.Tourists bring their own food when they visit from other countries.The Japanese sell oil to earn money to buy food from other countries.B. The Japanese depend on fishing and imported food.
45CRCT Test Prep pages7. Which is an example of a natural resource?FactoryDeposit of coalIrrigation canalHydroelectric damB. Deposit of coal
46The following slides are optional for extension…
47Population Density in SE Asia There are 5 physical criteria people consider when choosing (when they have a choice) where to live:near coastsnear rivers and fresh watertemperate ("C") climatesflat terrainfertile soil
48Three Favorable Environments Southeast Asia has approximately 546 million people. The population tends to be clustered:1. in the valleys and deltas of Southeast Asia’s major rivers2. on volcanic soil on the islands of the Pacific rim's "ring of fire”3. in regions that were once part of colonial plantations on the Malay peninsula
49What to do:Use the maps in this PowerPoint and the population maps to find out why people live where they do in SE Asia.Pay attention to where the people seem to be clustered and figure out why.
50Rainfall Measured in mm. (1 inch is about 25 ½ mm)
57Issues to Consider:Tall mountains and tropical rainforests with poor soil make farming hard, so fewer people live there.Mountains block other countries from invading by land.
58Essay: Why Do People Live Where They Do? Explain how mountains, ocean currents, rivers, coasts, mild climates, level ground, and fertile soil affect where people in southern and eastern Asia live.Use complete sentences.