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The Byzantine Empire. Essential Question ????? How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the political and cultural heritage of Rome? Supporting Questions.

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Presentation on theme: "The Byzantine Empire. Essential Question ????? How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the political and cultural heritage of Rome? Supporting Questions."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Byzantine Empire

2 Essential Question ????? How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the political and cultural heritage of Rome? Supporting Questions What were three of Justinian's major accomplishments?

3 Time Line: The Byzantine Empire DateEvent 330Constantine makes Constantinople his capital 527Justinian becomes Emperor Justinian builds the church of Hagia Sophia 1054The Church in Rome breaks from the Church in Constantinople 1204Constantinople is occupied by crusaders

4 Setting the Scene: Eastern Roman empire becomes known as the Byzantine empire  Remember…  invaders pounded the Roman empire in the west and so emperors shifted base to eastern Mediterranean.

5 Constantinople  Constantine becomes the sole Emperor of the Roman Empire.  Constantine found new capital for himself and chose Byzantium (today’s Istanbul)  Emperor Constantine rebuilt the Greek city of Byzantium and gave it the name: Constantinople. Becomes “new Rome”  As cities of western roman Empire crumbled, Constantinople prospered.

6 Constantinople

7 Culture  Promoted a brilliant civilization that blended ancient Greek, Roman, and Christian influences with other traditions of the Mediterranean World.

8 The Age The Age of Justinian JustinianTheodora

9 The Age of Justinian: Byzantine Emperor (AD )  Wanted to recover what had been lost during the fall of Rome  Re-conquered N. Africa, Italy and southern Spain  Victories were temporary o Justinian rebuilt Constantinople; a huge achievements was the church of Hagia Sophia

10 Hagia Sophia

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12 Age of Justinian: Code of Laws  Reforms the law  Justinian’s Code – organized all the laws of ancient Rome… Justinian’s Code  Fairer to women  Can own property and raise their own children after their husbands died.  Children  allowed to choose their own marriage partners.  Slavery was legal  Punishments were detailed and fit the crime  Inspired the modern concept and the very spelling of "justice”

13 Age of Justinian ( ): Absolute Power  Justinian ruled as an autocrat with the help of Theodora.  Created a huge Christian empire that reached its greatest size  Autocrat – ruler who has complete authority

14 Byzantine Christianity  Christianity as influential in Byzantine empire as was in Western Europe. But… Religious division grew between the two regions  Dispute over use of icons (Holy Images)  Byzantine Emperor outlawed prayer to icons Two branches of Christianity grew further apart  1054 provoked a permanent split between Byzantine, Eastern (Greek) Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church

15 Icons


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