2 Essential Question ?????How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the political and cultural heritage of Rome? Supporting Questions What were three of Justinian's major accomplishments?
3 Time Line: The Byzantine Empire DateEvent330Constantine makes Constantinople his capital527Justinian becomes EmperorJustinian builds the church of Hagia Sophia1054The Church in Rome breaks from the Church in Constantinople1204Constantinople is occupied by crusaders
4 Setting the Scene: Eastern Roman empire becomes known as the Byzantine empire Remember…invaders pounded the Roman empire in the west and so emperors shifted base to eastern Mediterranean.
5 ConstantinopleConstantine becomes the sole Emperor of the Roman Empire.Constantine found new capital for himself and chose Byzantium (today’s Istanbul)Emperor Constantine rebuilt the Greek city of Byzantium and gave it the name: Constantinople. Becomes “new Rome”As cities of western roman Empire crumbled, Constantinople prospered.
9 The Age of Justinian: Byzantine Emperor (AD 527-565) Wanted to recover what had been lost during the fall of RomeRe-conquered N. Africa, Italy and southern SpainVictories were temporaryJustinian rebuilt Constantinople; a huge achievements was the church of Hagia Sophia
12 Age of Justinian: Code of Laws Reforms the lawJustinian’s Code – organized all the laws of ancient Rome…Fairer to womenCan own property and raise their own children after their husbands died.Childrenallowed to choose their own marriage partners.Slavery was legalPunishments were detailed and fit the crimeInspired the modern concept and the very spelling of "justice”
13 Age of Justinian (527 -565): Absolute Power Justinian ruled as an autocrat with the help of Theodora.Created a huge Christian empire that reached its greatest sizeAutocrat – ruler who has complete authority
14 Byzantine Christianity Christianity as influential in Byzantine empire as was in Western Europe. But…Religious division grew between the two regionsDispute over use of icons (Holy Images)Byzantine Emperor outlawed prayer to iconsTwo branches of Christianity grew further apart1054 provoked a permanent split between Byzantine, Eastern (Greek) Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church