Presentation on theme: "The Homefront Part 2. Getting Citizens Involved It was important to have the citizens at home feel like they were doing their part during the war. Propaganda."— Presentation transcript:
The Homefront Part 2
Getting Citizens Involved It was important to have the citizens at home feel like they were doing their part during the war. Propaganda encouraged citizen support. People also encountered rationing of various items because supply was short.
Social Impact of WWII African Americans In 1941, 1 in 5 were jobless President signed Executive Order 8802 which opened jobs and job training programs in defense plants “without discrimination because race, creed, color, or national origin” More that 2 million migrated north Fought in military in segregated units
Mexican Americans Served in military, contributed to economy, but face discrimination Agreement between Mexico & U.S. providing for transportation, food, shelter, and medical attention for thousands of “braceros” Brought a rise in Latino population in southern California Zoot Suit Riots
Native Americans 25,000 fought in the military Migrated to urban centers for defense jobs Cultural transition brought a sense of having lost their roots Played an important role as “code talkers” in the Pacific theater
Japanese Americans Hostility towards Japanese Americans grew to hatred and hysteria after Pearl Harbor War Relocation Authority removed all people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps away from west coast After 1943, Japanese were accepted into armed forces and many won recognition for their courage in Europe
Holocaust & America Hitler’s idea to rid the world of undesirables, mostly the entire Jewish race. Over 6 million Jewish people were killed in this genocide. America played a role in the liberation of the death camps. Nuremberg Trials, Nov 1945, 12 Nazi leaders received the death penalty for crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes