Presentation on theme: "Ad Hominem The Crucible"— Presentation transcript:
1Ad Hominem The Crucible Stacie TolliverSara Butler
2DefinitionAd Hominem is when a persons argument attacks another persons character, personality, job, home life, etc. rather than their actual ideas or counter-argument. It is used to draw away from a persons counterargument through addressing something unrelated. Generally when this fallacy is used, the unrelated characteristic is undesirable, hence causing the other person to look bad.
3Universal ExampleThis is an example of Ad Hominem because in the image it says if you “Shout Racist” that you automatically win the argument. Shouting racist would be entirely irrelevant to any real argument in most cases so doing so would not give you any real platform for defending or refuting a claim. It would simply be used to draw attention away from the real situation at hand.
4Universal Examplehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_zSBtx76B8 (skip to 36 sec.)This is an example of Ad hominem because rather than creating a true counter-argument President Obama simply responds with “Sarah Palin's not much of an expert on nuclear issues.” He doesn’t address his side of the argument, he only insinuates that her reasoning is false because she doesn’t know enough about nuclear issues.
5The Crucible Example“I am not some preaching farmer with a book under my arm…”-Parris (p.180) Act 1This is an example of Ad hominem because rather than Parris attacking Proctor’s actual argument, he attacks his level of education. He is insinuating that because Proctor is a farmer and doesn’t have a degree from Harvard like he does, his reasoning's and argument are invalid.“Do you read the Gospel, Mr. Proctor?”-Parris(p.211) Act 3This is yet another example of Ad Hominem because Parris is addressing Proctor going to church rather than what they are actually discussing. Proctor going to church is irrelevant in what they are arguing over so Parris making a comment about it is simply to make himself seem better.
6The Crucible Example“They’ve come to overthrow the court, sir!”-Parris(P.211) Act 3This is an example of Ad Hominem because before John Proctor even has an opportunity to defend Elizabeth, Parris is already stating that he has come to overthrow the court. This is irrelevant in the argument and is only being said to distract the court.
7Works CitedS. Morris Engel, with good reason: An Introduction to informal fallacies (fifth edition) (St. Martins, P.94), ppMiller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NT: Penguin, Print.“No Ad Hominem Attacks.”Cartoon. Americanbuilt.us. Maksmin-ThePeoplesCube.com, n.d. Web. 18 April