Presentation on theme: "Australia New Zealand Oceania"— Presentation transcript:
1Australia New Zealand Oceania Physical GeographyAustraliaNew ZealandOceania
2Where is Australia located? Australia & Oceania are a group of islands located between Asia, Antarctica, & the Americas.Australia is the world’s largest island & smallest continent. (about the size of the continental USA)Over 25,000 islands make up the islands of Oceania.
3Distance from other land areas has created very unique plants and animals that are found nowhere else on earthKoalas, kangaroos, kiwis, platypus, wombat, dingo, etc.
4LANDAustralia:Lies between the Pacific & Indian Oceans in the southern hemisphere“The Outback”Vast desert areas in central AustraliaSemi-arid or dry lands Hot and dry desertSurrounded by dry scrub, grasslands and rainforestsMild climate along the SW and SE coasts Limited fertile soil
5LAND Key landforms: Deserts Great Victoria desert Southern Australia Receives 8-10 inches of rain per yearGreat Sandy desertMountainsGreat Dividing RangeContinental DivideUluru (Ayers Rock) – sandstone rockMonolith – single, large rock with a small portion sticking out of the groundStone Mountain is a monolith made out of granite.Changes colors in the sunlight due to the iron content in the rock1,142 feet tall, 6 miles around the baseClose to the geographical center of AustraliaIt is a sacred location for the AboriginesLAND
9WATER Rivers Darling and Murray Rivers Located in SE Australia Most people in Australia live along the SE coastFertile soilFresh waterMild climate
10Australia has many good harbors for shipping and trade What cities might these harbors be located in?
11Largest coral reef in the world Located off the NE coast of Australia Great Barrier ReefLargest coral reef in the worldLocated off the NE coast of AustraliaOver 1200 miles long Located in the Coral SeaWorld’s largest collection of coral – over 400 types1500 species of fish, 4000 types of mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, squid)Temperature never falls below 68 degrees on the reef
12Summarizing Activity Where do most Australians live? What is the largest coral reef system in the world?What body of water lies along the NE coastline of Australia?What landmark is a sacred site of the local Aborigines?What region covers the central area of Australia?
13New Zealand’s Land Located about 1200 miles SE of Australia Made up of 2 main islandsNorth Island and South IslandMost of the land is used for pasture – sheepWide variety of landforms:Mountains - Southern Alps; tallest is Mt. Cook at 12,349 ft.Also rainforests, hills, valleys
14Pacific Islands - LAND 25,000 islands divided into 3 regions: MelanesiaN and E of Australia - most populatedIncludes Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Solomon IslandsMicronesiaOver 2000 islands mostly N of the equatorIncludes Guam, Marshall Islands, Mariana IslandsPolynesiaLargest island region in PacificIncludes Hawaii, Tahiti, Cook Islands and Samoa
152 types of islands: High islands Formed by volcanoes & usually have mountainsSoil very fertile because of ashMostly covered in tropical vegetation – including rainforestsLow islandsMade up of reefs or atollsAtoll - small coral islands in shape of a ring with a lagoon in centerMore people live on high islands.Better soil, more fresh water and they are larger
16Location, Climate & Natural Resources Flattest continent in the worldDesert covers 2/3 of the landMost fertile land is along the coastsClimateLocated below the equator Seasons are opposite of Northern HemisphereSummer is from December to MarchWinter is from June to AugustNorthern AreasTropical Climate . . .warm to hot all year round, tropical rainforestGets more rain than the other regionsCoastal AreasPlenty of rain year roundMild temperatures SE and SW sections of the country Temperate
17Interior Areas (central Australia) Stays dry year round Hot and dryLess than 10 inches of rain per year
18Natural ResourcesMiningUranium, natural gas, zincLeading producer of diamonds and leadLargest natural resource CoalMajor export of AustraliaWoolHuge ranches in the Outback ,000 acres +World’s leading producer of wool
19Where people choose to live . . . Coastal towns have access to large industries and international businesses80% of Australians live in cities (urban areas)70% of cities have at least 100,000 peopleSydney has 3.5 million, . . .Melbourne has 3 million peopleSmall groups of indigenous Australians live in the Outback.Countryside is referred to as the “Bush” . . The “Outback” is the dry interior of the continentSmall settlements grew in the Outback due to mining settlements
20Australia’s TradeDetermined by location, climate and natural resourcesLocation = trading partnersMajor trading partners = China, Japan, South Korea, IndiaMajor supplier of natural resources to China50% of Australian iron ore goes to ChinaImports most items from China and the USALargest imports are computers, machinery, petroleum and crude oilTourism is also a major industry in Australia25% of economy depends on tourism = $81 billion per yearBecause Australia is an island, is trade easier or more difficult than for other countries?
21Climate & Natural Resources = what products are traded Coal – energy consumptionIron Ore – steel for buildings, cars and industrial machineryGold – jewelryNatural resources account for 1/3 of the country’s economy
22Summarizing ActivityWhat natural resource is used to provide energy for Australia?Who are Australia’s major trading partners?What is iron ore used to make?Where does Australia import the majority of their items from?
23Cultural Characteristics LanguageEnglish language Transitioned to have its own unique accent and vocabularyReligion70% claim to be ChristiansAlmost 50% belong to either the Catholic or Anglican faithsColonists and missionaries brought their Anglican faith with them to Australia
24Ethnic Groups Population: 21 million Very diverse culture 90% are of European descent2% are Aborigine8% are AsianBritish established a penal colony in Australia in Last continent discovered by the EuropeansCurrently largest portion of the populationAborigines are the indigenous population750,000 lived in Australia at the time of British arrivalForced towards the middle of the island Today 1% of population are Aborigines
25Australian culture is heavily influenced by the Aborigines Art = sculptures, paintings, carvingsUse art to tell about the Dreaming and their historyDot paintingpainting method in which pictures are made from dots instead of linesTotemsPictures of spirits that protect a family or tribeSome dot paintings are totems.Rock ArtAncient method of documentationMusic = didgeridoonatural wooden trumpet