Presentation on theme: "Truth, the Existence of God, and the Problem of Evil"— Presentation transcript:
1Truth, the Existence of God, and the Problem of Evil Defending the FaithTruth, the Existence of God, and the Problem of Evil
2So Many Religions So Little Time According to the World Christian Encyclopedia there are over 10,000 distinct religions in the worldThere are about 33,830 Christian denominations, which one is right?150 religions have more than a million membersHow do you know which one is right?
3Five Life-Changing Questions Is there Truth?Does God Exist?Is there Revelation?Is Jesus God?Did Jesus start the Catholic Church?
5Truth is the mind’s correspondence to reality What is Truth?Truth is the mind’s correspondence to realityWhen our mind perceives reality the way it really isObjective vs. Subjective TruthObjective Truth – something is true independent of whether I believe itSubjective Truth – something is true if I believe it so
6False theories of Truth What is Truth?False theories of TruthRelativismAgnosticism & SkepticismAre Religious Truths Objective?YesHow can matters of faith be objective?Faith is not believing something you can’t prove because its contrary to reason, but believing something that’s beyond reason
7The truth doesn’t conform to us, we conform to the truth. Finding the TruthThe truth doesn’t conform to us, we conform to the truth.Seeking the truth is not about finding what “works for you” but finding the truth of how things really workWe shouldn’t be a member of a religion simply because it agrees with us, but because it is the truth.Catholicism is not Burger King – it’s not our way right away
8What is Faith?Faith is a personal adherence of the whole man to God who reveals himself. It involves an assent of the intellect and will to the self- revelation God has made through his deeds and words."To believe" has thus a twofold reference: to the person, and to the truth: to the truth, by trust in the person who bears witness to it.Catechism of the Catholic Church 176 & 177
9Faith & Science do not conflict “Methodical research in all branches of knowledge, provided it is carried out in a truly scientific manner and does not override moral laws, can never conflict with the faith, because the things of the world and the things of faith derive from the same God.” CCC 159Creation vs. Evolution
11Argument from Causality Is There a God?Argument from CausalityIf everything that exists in the universe has a cause for its existence (a reason why it exists the way it does)There must be a First Cause to start everything goingWe call Him…GOD
12Kalam Cosmological Argument Is There a God?Kalam Cosmological ArgumentWhatever began to exist, has a cause for its coming into beingThe universe & time began to existTherefore, both the universe & time have a cause for their existenceOutside of timeOutside of the universeWe call Him…God
13Pascal's Wager Is There a God? Not sure? What is the best bet? Only two options...either believe or not believeIf you believe in GodIf He doesn't exist → live a good life & dieIf He does exist → live a good life & heavenIf you don't believe in GodIf He doesn't exist → live a sinful life & dieIf He does exist → live a sinful life & hell
14What about Evil? If God is good and All-Powerful, then how can evil exist?
15The Problem of EvilAll from the Fall of Adam & EveEvils of Nature – only a problem because we are in the wayNever meant to be outside the GardenEntropy: Material reality falls apartEvils from Sin – whether ours or othersFree willThe preciousness of love is worth the risk of free willStill Not Enough
17The Final Word on Truth"If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free." John 8:31-32
18Catholic Cool Stuff – St. Padre Pio Handbook of Catholic Apologetics by Peter Kreeft and Ronald TacelliThe Journey by Peter KreeftProve It! God by Amy WelbornBecause God is Real: Sixteen Questions, One Answer by Peter Kreeft
19Truth, the Existence of God, and the Problem of Evil Defending the FaithTruth, the Existence of God, and the Problem of Evil