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AW Chapter 5 Ancient China

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Presentation on theme: "AW Chapter 5 Ancient China"— Presentation transcript:

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2 AW Chapter 5 Ancient China

3 Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Turn to page 136 & 137 What do you think this wall was used for? Agenda: Warm Up Map Masters page 137. Visit China using Google Earth Read pages Writing Activity Homework: Complete questions 1-3 on page 143 Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 1 Introduction to Ancient China

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5 Ancient Chinese architecture

6 Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up How did physical geography affect the growth of ancient civilizations? Agenda: Warm Up Read pages Confucius Tomb - Questions 1-3 Homework: Writing Activity on page 150 Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 2 Confucius and His Teachings

7 Taoism

8 "Lots of people talk to animals," said Pooh. "Not that many listen though." "That's the problem."

9 Confucius Look back at the reading from yesterday, page Fill in facts LifeTeachingEffects Born in 551 B.C. Most Famous and important of early Chinese thinkers. He was thought of as China’s 1 st professional teacher. Nickname “master kong” He did at 73 and thought of his life as failure. Life goal was to become part of the Chinese gov and teach a ruler. Passes on forgotten teachings of wise people of an early age. He liked to teach eager students. All of his teaching were word of mouth and later on his students wrote down his teaching. He charge people to take his class. He tried to persuade ruler to stop wars and violence. Teaching had a major impact on Chinese government and current teaching. His thoughts created a system of philosophy Ideas can be applied to many religions. Encourage people to behave in a certain way

10 Confucius Look back at the reading from yesterday, page Fill in facts LifeTeachingEffects Most Famous and important of early Chinese thinkers. Born in 551 B.C. He was poor when he was young but came from a noble family. He was China’s first professional teacher. He educated himself. He died at age 73 thinking of himself as a failure. Passes on forgotten teachings of wise people of an early age. Charged his students. Only taught students that were eager to learn. Taught about peace, stability and prosperity. He taught his views of life and government. After his death his students recorded his views. Teaching had a major impact on Chinese government. Passed down as a philosophy. Poor people could now get jobs in government.

11 Confucius Look back at the reading from yesterday, page Fill in facts LifeTeachingEffects Most Famous and important of early Chinese thinkers He was born into a poor family. He was eager to learn and taught himself. His life goal was to find a leader to help teach the people his ways. At age 73 he died feeling that he was a failure Passes on forgotten teachings of wise people of an early age. To be taught by Conf. you had to pay him. Teach how to act and treat people. He has lessons in each teaching. Teach how to behave. Only taught people that were eager to learn. Teaching had a major impact on Chinese government. He created a new way of life.

12 Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Reflect on Confucius Teachings. Agenda: Warm Up Read homework - Writing Activity on page 150 Create the organizer Read pages View The Great Wall of China movie – Discovery School (4 minutes) Question Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 3 Warring Kingdoms Unite

13 Ancient China AW Chapter 5. Section 3

14 It was divided into 7 warring regions. Shi Huangdi was the first emperor Shi Huangdi Dynasty lasted 2 generation. Shi Huangdi tried to unify China. Qin Dynasty started the Great Wall The word “China” comes from Shi Huangdi Shi Huangdi had a strong harsh rule.

15 Ancient China AW Chapter 5. Section 3 Shi Huanghi was the emperor of China and established Qin Dynasty. China was divided into 7 warring kingdoms He was a strong and harsh ruler. Lasted only 2 generations. He created the great wall of China to keep nomads from invading. When Shi died he left the Terracotta Army.

16 Terracotta Army

17 TerraCotta Army Emperor Qin built a huge tomb, containing a life-sized army constructed of terra cotta soldiers. It took more than 700,000 men 38 years to construct it. Why would he have done this? Compare this to rulers’ tombs of other eras, such as the Egyptian pyramids.

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22 Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Take out the Qin Dynasty and Han Dynasty Organizer Agenda: Warm Up Continue the organizer Read pages View The Great Wall of China movie – VHS Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 3 Warring Kingdoms Unite

23 Ancient China AW Chapter 5. Section 3 Shi Huanghi was the emperor of China and established Qin Dynasty. China was divided into 7 warring kingdoms He was a strong and harsh ruler. Lasted only 2 generations. He created the great wall of China to keep nomads from invading. When Shi dies he left the Terracotta Army. Liu Bang helped to over through the Qin Dynasty and became the 1 st emperor of the Han Dynasty. The Dynasty lasted for 400 years. 1 type of currency, a round coin. Civil Service system set up from Confucianism. Wudi made improvements on the great wall. Han Dynasty ended in AD 220

24 Ancient China AW Chapter 5. Section 3 It was divided into 7 warring regions. Shi Huangdi was the first emperor Shi Huangdi Dynasty lasted 2 generation. Shi Huangdi tried to unify China. Qin Dynasty started the Great Wall The word “China” comes from Shi Huangdi Shi Huangdi had a strong harsh rule. Liu Bang helped to over through the Qin Dynasty and became the 1 st ruler of the Han Dynasty. Wudi was 15 years old when he became emperor. Wudi made the arm forces stronger and made improvements to the Great Wall Wudi created a stable government. The Han Dynasty lasted 400 years and weakened at the same time that Cao Pei started his own dynasty, Wei Dynasty.

25 Ancient China AW Chapter 5. Section 3 It was divided into 7 warring regions. Shi Huangdi was the first emperor Shi Huangdi Dynasty lasted 2 generation. Shi Huangdi tried to unify China. Qin Dynasty started the Great Wall The word “China” comes from Shi Huangdi Shi Huangdi had a strong harsh rule. Han Dynasty lasted 400 years. Han Dynasty set up a Civil Services system based on Confucianism. Liu Bang helped to over through the Qin Dynasty, became the 1 st emperor of the the Han Dynasty. Wudi made the Han Dynasty reach it’s greatest power and rulled for 50 years. Wudi made improvements on the Great Wall. Wudi dies in 87 B.C.

26 The Great Wall of China

27 The Great Wall of China Discovery School Do you think the wall would work today as a way to protect a country from invaders? Why or why not?

28 Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Read pages so that you may answer the question below: Who were the Xiongnu? Agenda: Warm Up Read pages Questions on page 162 If there is time, take notes on Ancient China Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 4 Achievements of Ancient China

29 Silk Road

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35 Example of a Poem from Section 4 Assessment As the desert sand blows The caravan goes With boxes of the best We traveled onto the west With cloth from a worm And from the sun we have burns But when we get arrive Our pockets will thrive With money and gold From what we have sold C. Smith 2007 S old for high prices I t was very tradable L ocked away the secret K illed if it was reveled R obbers and sandstorms made the road dangerous O bviously were advanced A chieved many other inventions D rove camels down the silk road A. Crouse 2007

36 Silk Road The road was dangerous when the sandstorms blew. They often thought whether they would make it through. When the strong winds came they covered their faces, Knowing ahead there were more dangerous places, With expensive goods that were going to sell they were often successful along the trail. They continued traveling in the direction of west knowing that their pockets were going to be filled, When they return home everyone will be thrilled. While under the sun their trip had begun its time to go and repeat what they have done. A. Whaley 2007

37 Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 4 Review of Ancient China Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Notes Agenda: Warm Up Study Guide Homework: Study

38 Notes Ancient China Summary Cultures formed in many of China's river valleys. Chinese civilization developed much on its own, with the Gobi Desert and the Himalaya Mountains isolating it from much of the ancient world. As the Chinese would discover, those boundaries were not enough to keep out nomads and invaders. They constructed the Great Wall of China as an additional barrier.

39 Notes Ancient China Section 1: The Geography of China's River Valleys China's major civilization began along the Huang He, the second-longest river in the region. The floods of this river brought rich soil to the surrounding land, ideal for farming. However, the river's unpredictable flooding could also bring great destruction.

40 Notes Ancient China Section 2: Confucius and His Teachings Confucius was the most famous and important of the early Chinese thinkers. His teachings were gathered together by his students into a philosophy that became known as Confucianism. Over time, Confucianism came to guide many aspects of Chinese life.

41 Notes Ancient China Section 3: Warring Kingdoms Unite Shi Huangdi united China and became the "First Emperor" of the Chinese empire. This empire extended over most of the land that makes up modern-day China. During his rule he built roads as well as the Great Wall of China in order to defend the people and the empire.

42 Notes Ancient China Section 4: Achievements of Ancient China Traveling along the Silk Road brought new types of food and textiles as well as new ideas including Buddhism. Arts and scholarship flourished. The Chinese also developed iron tools and a system for making paper.

43 Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 4 Review of Ancient China Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Notes Agenda: Warm Up Study Guide Homework: Study

44 Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 4 Review of Ancient China Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Take out your Study Guide Agenda: Warm Up Chapter 5 Review Mapping Activity Homework: Study – Test Thursday

45 Identifying Central Issues How did the physical geography of China’s river valleys affect the development of its civilization? Identifying Central Issues How did China’s physical geography affect the development of its early civilization?

46 Chapter 5 Objectives: Students will: Learn about Ancient China geographic setting. Find out about early civilization in China. Learn about the importance of family ties in early Chinese society. Learn about the life of Confucius. Understand the teachings and influence Confucianism had on Chinese society. Learn about the rise of the Qin dynasty. Examine the actions of the Han dynasty’s leaders. Achievement of Ancient China. Essential Question: Why does where matter? Under what conditions should human culture attempt to change the processes that shape the natural environment? What makes a place culturally unique? Under what conditions do cultures spread? How does the geography of where we live effect our lives? AW Chapter 5 – Section 4 Review of Ancient China Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up Agenda: Warm Up Test Homework:


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