Presentation on theme: "Course Objectives Familiarize participants with the operation of the LoJack SafetyNet Program Instruct participants on how the program and system works."— Presentation transcript:
0 Electronic Search and Rescue System for People at Risk Familiarize participants with the operation of the LoJack SafetyNet programInstruct participants on how the program and system works and all the components of client managementObjectives will be accomplished by covering topics such as:LoJack and History of Electronic SARThe SafetyNet programAutism, Alzheimer’s, and other Dementia or Cognitive ConditionsProgram Management and Client EnrollmentSafetyNet Equipment and its OperationSearch Techniques and ApplicationsField TrainingPublic Safety Agency Training ProgramVersion 3 – August 2010
1 Course ObjectivesFamiliarize participants with the operation of the LoJack SafetyNet ProgramInstruct participants on how the program and system works and all the components of client managementObjectives will be accomplished by covering topics such as:LoJack and History of Electronic Search and Rescue (SAR)LoJack SafetyNet ProgramAutism, Alzheimer’s, and other Dementia or Cognitive ConditionsProgram Management System OverviewLoJack SafetyNet Equipment and its OperationSearch Techniques and ApplicationsField TrainingWritten and Practical Testing
2 Agenda 8:00 - 8:30AM Opening Remarks/Introductions/Course Discussion 8:30 - 8:45AM LoJack Corporation and the SafetyNet Program8:45 - 9:30AM Autism and Related Conditions for the First Responder9: :30AM Alzheimer’s and Related Conditions for the First Responder10: :45AM Program Management System11: :45PM LoJack SafetyNet Electronic SAR Equipment Familiarization11: :00PM Written Test12: :30PM LUNCH12:30 - 2:00PM Practice Field Exercises and Searching Techniques2:15 - 3:15PM Field Exercises (Testing)3:15 - 4:30PM Vehicle Tracking4:30 - 5:00PM Course Review/Questions/Certification
3 About LoJack Corporation Premier worldwide provider of tracking and recovery systemsUtilizes proven Radio Frequency technologyMost appropriate for tracking and recovery or rescueOperates on FCC allocated frequencyDelivers 90% Success Rate for cars and trucksFully integrated with law enforcementAvailable in 28 states plus the District of Columbia and 30 Countries around the worldMore than 8 Million units installed globallyMore than $5 Billion in assets recovered globallyOver 250,000 vehicles
4 LoJack: Our Mission – Our Vision LoJack will be the pre-eminent brand synonymous with helping to find, protect and recover anyone or anything of value anywhere around the world at any time.To be the unsurpassed global leader in finding and recovering mobile assets and people by delivering innovative solutions and services that leverage our strong relationship with law enforcement
6 Wandering: A Growing Concern Approximately 127,000 people get lost annually in the United StatesRoughly 34,000 are reported to policeApproximately 13,000 are never foundResources are required for Search & Rescue of wanderersLaw Enforcement required to search for those with diminished capacity who are missingThis program is about life and death situations where you can make a difference
11 Technology for Keeping People at Risk Safe Using some form of new technology is ONE OPTION among other strategies for coping with wandering behaviorMost comprehensive study to-date: conducted by the Locating Technology Project at McMaster University in Toronto in 2006, funded by the Canadian government
12 Locating Technology Project Five Systems TestedTwo distinct types of technologyGlobal Positioning System (GPS)Radio Frequency (RF)“Both technologies have advantages: the GPS based systems provide theoretically exact and historical location information of the person wearing the device whereas RF systems can easily pinpoint the location of a person wearing the device when they are in close proximity.”
13 Locating Technology Project Bottom Line Results Of the 5 systems tested, 4 were GPS technology and 1 was RF technologyOnly the RF technology system, working with trained public safety personnel, successfully located the wearer in every instance.
14 Electronic Search And Rescue (SAR) 43rd Virginia SAR team in Chesapeake, Virginia starts Project Lifesaver in 1999LoJack Corp. acquires Locator Systems equipment manufacturer in April, 2008In December, 2008 Project Lifesaver and LoJack agree to work together to expand the availability of the programIn March 2010, both organizations agreed to provide their own separate programs. LoJack SafetyNet is concentrating primarily on select metropolitan areas.LoJack will continue to provide equipment to Project Lifesaver, but will offer its own program - LoJack SafetyNetOver 1,100 agencies are currently using LoJack SafetyNet equipment in 46 U.S. states and CanadaMore than 2,100 saved lives since 1999Key Benefits:Save TimeSave MoneySave Community ResourcesSave Lives!!!!
15 LoJack SafetyNet Overview Enables public safety agencies to conduct effective electronic search and rescue operationsUtilizes Proven Radio Frequency TechnologyDesigned for those with cognitive conditions who wanderAutism, Down syndrome, Alzheimer’s and other similar conditionsSearch and Rescue technology and training provided to public safety agencies at no costLoJack SafetyNet service components:Personal Locator Bracelet (PLB) worn on wrist or ankle of client24 X 7 emergency caregiver supportSearch and rescue database of key information about clients for public safety agenciesSearch and rescue receivers for public safety agenciesTraining and ongoing support for public safety officialsTrained Specialists provide comprehensive caregiver support in the enrollment process
17 Autism and Related Conditions for the First Responder Autism FactsCausesDiagnosisCommon CharacteristicsRecognizing Someone with an ASDApproaching Someone with an ASDTransporting Someone with an ASDASD = Autism Spectrum Disorders
18 Autism FactsNearly 1.5 million people live with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in the United StatesApproximately 1 in 100 people are born today have ASD Autism Spectrum DisordersAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is growing at a rate of about 10-17% per yearA new case of autism is diagnosed every 20 minutes
19 Autism FactsAutism knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries; family income levels; lifestyle choices; or educational levels, and can affect any family and any childAlthough the overall incidence of autism is consistent around the globe, it is four times more prevalent in boys than girlsThere is no known single cause for autism, but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities of brain structure or function
20 What is Autism?Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a developmental disability that usually appears during the first three years of lifeThe Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) neurological disorder impacts:Social interactionsCommunication and language skillsBehaviorVarying levels of functioning:Low functioningMiddle functioningHigh functioning
21 The 5 Categories of Autism Language and communication deficits with challenging behavioral traits2. Childhood Disintegrative DisorderComplete loss of language at age 2 with little subsequent improvement3. Rett Syndrome90% affected are females who have multiple severe disabilities4. Asperger SyndromeTypically high intellect and verbal abilities, but still lack common social skills5. Pervasive Developmental Disorder or PDD-NOS (Not otherwise specified)Diagnosis given for children who are present with some of the characteristics of either autism or Asperger Syndrome, but not severe enough for a diagnosis of either of these conditions
22 Most Common Theories for Cause of Autism Genetic VulnerabilityEnvironmental triggers (chemicals, toxins)Vaccine Injury (immunizations, thimerosal)What’s the answer?????
24 How Autism is Diagnosed No medical or blood test available to detect Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)Diagnosis based on observation of communication, behavior, and developmental levels
25 Who Makes an ASD Diagnosis Generally, a multidisciplinary diagnostic team, which may include:NeurologistPsychologistDevelopmental pediatricianSpeech TherapistOccupational Therapist
26 A Few Common Characteristics It is essential to remember that every person on the spectrum is affected by autism in a different way, though certain similarities do exist.Some common characteristics may include:Loud noises and other sensory stimuli may overwhelm the person and cause sensory overloadIt is common for people with ASD to have seemingly inappropriate reactions to situations, commands and body language.May invade the personal space of othersExtreme reactions to changes in routine
27 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD SpeechBody languageBody movementsSensory impairmentsSense of fear, pain and safetyRepetitive behaviorsSelf injurious behaviors
28 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Common Speech Patterns Many people with ASD will simply repeat words that have been spoken to them (known as echolalia)Many people with ASD will repeat phrases that they have learned in the past (known as scripting)The above should not be confused as comprehension of your words or commands
29 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Speech Many people (approximately 50%) with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are non-verbalPeople with ASD who are verbal may have limited speech and struggle to express themselves, especially in stressful situationsPeople with Asperger Syndrome may appear to be more verbally sophisticated but still lack comprehension capabilities and social skills
30 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Body Language Appear to be poor listenersLittle or no eye contactFlat facial affect (no expression)Difficulty interpreting your body languageMay have an inappropriate reaction to the situation (laughing when afraid)
31 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Body Movements May have the following:Unusual walking pattern or balanceProne to repetitive actions, including spinning of objects, rocking self back and forth, flapping of hands, and pacing or constant movementTend to wander without reacting to surroundings
32 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Sensory Impairment Hypersensitive/Hyposensitive SightsHearingSmellTouchTaste
33 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Little Sense of… Pain: apparent over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to painFear: no fears of real dangerPersonal safety
34 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Repetitive Behavior Stimming (Stereotypy)Compulsive behaviorSameness-resistance to changeRitualistic behavior-activities the same way each timeRestrictive behavior-limited in focus, interest, or activitySelf Injury: 30% of children with ASD
35 How to Recognize Someone with an ASD: Self-Injurious Behaviors Bruising in many areasPulling hair outSkin injuries, open woundsBiting themselvesPicking scabs, scratchingFace grindingTeeth grindingA person with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) may engage in self injurious behavior on approach
36 Autism and Wandering92% of parents of children with Autism report that their child(ren) are at risk of wandering (National Autism Association – online survey)Elevated death rates among those with autism were in large part attributed to drowning, after they had wandered away (Report by the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)Dr. Dennis Debbaudt (2002) suggested the following as reasons people with autism wander:curiosity to return to a place of interestobsessive compulsive behavior such as an attraction to certain locationsa need for sensory input
37 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD Stay alertClear communicationBe calm, simple and literateSign language or PECS picture cardsDon’t try to stop (non-injurious) repetitive behaviorAvoid touching or standing behind person
38 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Expectations Don’t presume a nonverbal child or a child who doesn’t seem to be listening cannot understand. Always explain what you’ll be doing and where they’ll be goingExpect the unexpected, stay alertChanges can happen in a second
39 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Communication Speak simply using a calm voiceGive plenty of time for the person to respond to questions.3-10 second delay is not uncommonBe prepared to repeat your question. Also, try inverting your questions to validate the persons response
40 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Communication Try to utilize communication cards to communicate, though not all people with ASD are familiar with them
41 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Communication Provide paper and a pen or a laptop for the best chance of getting the information required from the personUse established communication systems if available
42 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Be Calm, Simple and Literal Use calm, simple languageBe literal and specificAvoid slang words/expressions- “Go fly a kite”“Take a hike”“Break a leg”
43 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Communication Some non-verbal people with ASD communicate with sign language instead of or in addition to using the PECS picture cards
44 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Don’t Interfere Never try to stop a repetitive behavior unless it is self-injurious or dangerous to others.Allow the person to finish the behavior because this self-stimulating behavior (“stimming”) can be self-soothing.
45 How to Best Approach a Person with an ASD: Approach Avoid touching or standing behind the person.Always be aware of the possibility of bolting: people with ASD are very prone to running away.
46 The Search: Check Attractive Hazards Many Individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorders( ASD )wander; it may even be the call first responders get most often.Start by checking attractive hazards:Water (pools, lakes, rivers, swamps, etc.)Construction sitesDrainage areasTrain tracksTraffic areasPlace of height (trees, high tension towers, roof tops, etc.)
47 ReactionsMay not respond to directives because they do not understand what’s being asked of them or because they are scaredFear may paralyze their ability to process language or understand the directiveStressful or upsetting situations overwhelm people with ASD and can adversely affect them…they may struggle with tasks they could normally perform (regression)Whenever possible, avoid touching people with ASD because some, but not all, will become more agitated, and possibly aggressive, when touchedAggressionRegressionSensory Overload
48 ReactionsThey may fixate on an object in a room or on your body such as abadge, earrings, or parts of an emergency vehicleThey may also fixate on your personal protective gear such as a helmet, reflective tape on your turnout coat, rescue tools or weaponBe aware of hypotonia-people with ASD who may have under-developed trunk muscles and may be unable to support their airway when lying flat on their chestRemember that restraint systems used may frighten people with ASDUse of spine boards or handcuffs may be difficult to apply
49 Bolt Risk A first responder must stay with the person. People with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are often a bolt risk after rescue.A first responder must stay with the person.
50 Transporting Sensory issues: sirens, lights, radio Maintain a safe distanceParent or caregiver to assistAvoid touching if possibleKeep interior lighting lowUse toys or an attractive object to keep the person with ASD calmBe calm as the person with ASD may be looking at you for an exampleBe alert for sudden outbursts
51 Avoiding Unfortunate Situations Every year, numerous people with ASD suffer psychological trauma, physical injury, or even death as a result of a lack of understanding by law enforcement and public safety agency personnelBe Patient and Be CalmAlways realize that there are many people out there with cognitive conditions that can cause them to act unusually or differentlyThink about the possibility that the person you are encountering may have AutismIf not, your actions could have devastating consequences…….
52 Police Fatally Shoot Unarmed Man in Koreatown firstname.lastname@example.org What can happen……Police Fatally Shoot Unarmed Man in KoreatownMarch 21, 2010|By Jason SongLos Angeles Police officers shot and killed a man in Koreatown early Saturday morning after he reached into his waistband for what officers believed was a weapon, authorities said.Steven Eugene Washington, 27, died from a single gunshot wound to the head shortly after midnight.Although no weapon was found, officers said they feared for their lives because Washington did not respond to their commands and appeared to be reaching for his waistband. The officers spoke to Washington, but he approached them and seemed to remove something from his waistband, police said.Officers Corrales and Diego believed "he was arming himself" and fired, Assistant Chief Earl Paysinger said at an afternoon news conference. "The officers made decisions in a fraction of a second," he added.Washington's family said he was autistic and had learning disabilities but enjoyed riding the bus and trains. He was taking classes at a community college and wanted to become a mechanic. He often took the Metro Red Line subway to visit friends and was probably walking to his home a few blocks to the south, his family said.
54 Alzheimer’s and Related Conditions for the First Responder Alzheimer’s FactsAlzheimer’s OverviewWanderingRecognizing Someone with Alzheimer’sResponding to a Wandering IncidentSearch TipsCommunications Tactics
56 What is Alzheimer’s Disease? Old/ElderlyFact: One in Eight people aged 65 and older have Alzheimer’sFact: There is a growing group of people who are diagnosed in their 30s, 40s and 50s.Nursing HomesFact: Over 70% live in the communityConfusion/DisorientationFact: The type of memory loss associated with dementia is not normal aging.
57 Alzheimer’s destroys nerve cells and shrinks the brain Alzheimer’s is the 7th Leading Cause of Death57
58 Which Functions are Impacted? Alzheimer's AssociationLanguage, Sense of temperature, touch, painJudgment, reasoningVisionMemory, language, hearingBasic functions,including breathingMovement, balanceWhich Functions are Impacted?58
59 70% of them live in the community and want to age safely at home Prevalence70% of them live in the community and want to age safely at homeOver 5 million people in the U.S. are living with Alzheimer’s disease.In urban settings, 44% of missing persons have Alzheimer’s or related dementia
60 General Communication Tips Approach from the frontIntroduce yourselfSpeak slowlyUse simple languageBe mindful of body languageMinimize distractions
61 Wandering Approaching Alzheimer’s: Make your FIRST response the RIGHT response/
62 Getting Lost vs. Wandering In the early stages , can get lost on a familiar routeIn later stages, can be aimlessRisky at any stageUnpredictableOne of the biggest challenges for caregivers
63 About Wandering 70% of people with dementia wander 2/3 will wander more than onceWandering is considered an emergencyIf not found within 24 hours 50% of people risk serious injury or deathWandering happens on foot, by car or via other forms of transportation
64 Nursing Homes Not Immune 25% will wander and become lost70% of elopement claims involve the death of a resident45% of elopements occurred within the first 48 hours after admissionEach week in the US, at least one nursing home resident will wander off and die
65 You got the call, now what? Recognize dementiaRespond using TALK tacticsTake action immediatelySearch tips
66 Recognizing a person with dementia AgeFacial expressionAttireBalance/GaitActions
67 Responding to a Wandering Incident Take action immediatelyA missing person with Alzheimer’s disease is always an emergencyA pre-determined waiting period could be the difference between life and deathCall 911Initiate searchImmediate area and familiar placesDominant handFormer residences or workplaceLocal chapter for family support & follow up
68 Take it slow Ask simple questions Limit reality checks TALK TacticsTake it slowAsk simple questionsLimit reality checksKeep eye contact
69 Search Tips Immediate area Prior residences or workplaces Short distance from the roadSmart not loudPinball EffectDominant hand theoryConsider wandering by vehicleAlert MedicAlert + Safe ReturnTouch on each point on the slide explaining how it affects a person’s wandering pattern:• Immediate area: Do not ignore locked doors, wooded areas, barricaded areas, tight spots, etc. Look under brush if outside.• Prior residences or workplaces.• Short distance from the road.• Search smart, not loud: The person will not likely call out for help or respond to your shouts.• Pinball effect: People will walk in a straight line until they run into something that stops them. They will then change directions and continue until they hit something else.• Dominant hand theory.
70 Urban Search—Dementia Profile They will go until they get ‘stuck’ or stopped.Attracted to water featuresTypically found in structures (yards) or walking along roads.Will not leave verifiable cluesWill not cry out for ‘help’ or respond to shoutsIn your own words, share the recent story below. You may substitute a similar story from your area. Main point is to highlight the importance of being thorough in a search:An 89-year-old woman who suffered from dementia and heart problems was found dead on the roof of a large metropolitan hospital. This woman wandered unnoticed from her 12th-floor room on Tuesday night and made her way to the roof. Her body was found by a maintenance worker on Wednesday morning. Overnight temperatures dipped to 23 degrees, and she was dressed only in a hospital gown and slippers. Authorities believe she went through a fire exit about 5 feet from her room. When the alarm did not sound, she went up two short flights of stairs, through a boiler room and onto the roof. The roof door does not lock.This story is tragic on many levels. Our point in sharing this is to emphasize the importance of a thorough search. In this case, checking the areas outside of the hospital would not be enough
71 Make a Difference Alzheimer's is a progressive, fatal brain disease. Be aware of behaviorsSearch everywhereSearch immediatelyBe prepared for catastrophic reactionsApproach slowly, speak calmly, treat the person with respect—TALK Tactics
74 Key TermsClient:Individual at risk of wandering: person who will be wearing the Personal Locator Bracelet.Caregiver:Individual primarily responsible for the care of the client. Often there are multiple caregivers (i.e. two parents). Caregivers will be responsible for the daily testing of the Personal Locator Bracelet along with the other caregiver responsibilities:Ensure 24/7 careCall immediately if the client is missing or wandersEnsure client is available for monthly battery and strap changes at designated location
75 Key Terms Public Safety Agency: A public safety or law enforcement agency primarily responsible for conducting search and rescue for clients that have been reported missing. Examples of Public Safety agencies include: Police department, Fire department, Sheriff’s Office, Search & Rescue team, EMS team, etc.Client Management Provider (CMP):An organization or group that performs the role of client management for the LoJack SafetyNet Program in a given area. This organization may be responsible for a variety of roles, including client outreach and education, client enrollment visits, monthly battery and strap changes. This organization is responsible for ensuring accurate client information and timely updates to client information in the LoJack SafetyNet Portal.
76 Key Terms Personal Locator Bracelet (PLB): The Radio-Frequency device worn by the client either on the wrist or ankle. Each Personal Locator Bracelet contains a unique frequency and ID assigned to the client and maintained in the LoJack SafetyNet Portal. The Personal Locator Bracelet requires a battery change every 30 days – referred to as a battery & strap change visit.Program Representative:A member of a Client Management Provider, any individual that has contact with clients. All Program Representatives should be trained on the appropriate procedures relating to enrollment visits, battery & strap change visits, client management paperwork and the LoJack SafetyNet Portal. This individual serves as the face of the LoJack SafetyNet System for clients and caregivers.
77 Key Terms SAR: Search and Rescue LoJack SafetyNet Portal: Secure online database of client information including a physical description and photo of client, unique transmitter ID and frequency information, address, demographic information, wandering history, caregiver contact information. Other details that may be useful for a Public Safety Agency during a search mission, like key geographic concerns nearby, trigger words to avoid, or additional medical conditions, are also noted for each client.
78 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview The LoJack SafetyNet Portal can be accessed viaEach Program Representative will have a unique address login and password, which should be entered on the login page
79 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 1Adding a UserFrom the Home Page, click “Deputies” or “Officers”This will display any/all users of the system
80 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 2Adding a UserClick “Add Deputy” or “Add Officer”
81 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview Adding a UserEnter the User’s address. This will be their login, and should be a valid address so that they can receive system s.Create a temporary password for the userEnter the user’s nameIf the user does not have a Badge Number or Employee ID, please enter “000”Enter the appropriate contact information
82 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 8. Enter the appropriate dates for training certifications9. Choose the user’s authority levelAdmin: Can add or remove users, and can edit Agency informationUser: Can edit their user profile, and can add or edit client informationRead Only: User can view information, but cannot edit10. Click Add
83 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 1Accessing a Client’s RecordFrom the Home Page, click “Clients”This will display any Clients in an “Active” or “Waiting Approval” status
84 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 12Accessing a Client’s RecordClick on the Client’s Name to enter that Client’s record
85 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 5142Demographic information about the Client – fill out any missing pieces of informationAny Medical or other key notes about the Client - include anything that would be useful for a search that is not covered in other parts of the pageAddress information about the ClientPhoto of the Client - upload a recent photo and update yearly for child or every 2 years for older adultBasic Agency information about the Client - Which agency does search and rescue and which does client management3
86 LoJack SafetyNet Portal Overview 678PLB and Caregiver Info :Client’s Specific Transmitter InformationOfficers assigned to the ClientUp to 3 additional Caregivers and their contact information
87 LoJack SafetyNet Support LoJack SafetyNet Customer Service is available 24/7 forClientsCaregiversPublic Safety AgenciesClient Management Providers
89 LoJack SafetyNet Electronic Search And Rescue Equipment
90 Basic EquipmentBasic pieces of equipment that you will be dealing with:Personal Locator Bracelet Receiver Antenna(Battery and Transmitter)
91 Personal Locator Bracelet (PLB) Personal Locator Bracelet is a transmitter whose output is a mere 10 milliwatts of powerCompare to:Walkie talkies – 5 wattsMobile radio – 150 wattsThe PLB has a one mile range (bench tested)There are two types of Personal Locator Bracelets
93 Personal Locator Bracelet Batteries Panasonic Battery (used in the Lexan PLBs)3 volt lithium-Ion batteryTadiran Battery (used in Disc PLBs)3.6 volt lithium-Ion batteryBoth BatteriesLoJack SafetyNet requires that the battery is changed every 30 daysBoth batteries begin to decline after 35 daysOperational life span is 45 daysNot to be stored touching each other
94 Personal Locator Bracelet Tester The PLB tester is used to verify that the PLB battery is operational and that the transmitter is transmitting a signalIt is used each day by the client’s caregiverIt is also included in the equipment provided to public safety agenciesThe tester is held next to the PLB and a redlight will blink indicating that the PLB is functioningproperly
95 ImportantTracking range of the Personal Locator Bracelet with the handheld Yagi antenna on the ground is approximately 1 mile and from the air (helicopter) it is approximately 5-7 milesTracking range of the Personal Locator Bracelet with the Omni directional antenna (on vehicle) has a range of approximately ¼ mile in each direction
96 Important Frequency Numbers - Personal Locator Bracelets with the same Frequency numberare generally assigned at least 10 air miles apart due to the factthat tracking range from the air can be up to seven milesPersonal Identifier CodesEach Personal Locator Bracelet is assigned a specific frequency number along with a specific Personal Identifier CodeIn the event that two Personal Locator Bracelets with the same frequency number were distributed in the same general area, one could be distinguished from the other by use of the Personal Identifier Code
98 Control Buttons Gain Control Buttons Volume Buttons On / Off Button Frequency ButtonsGain Control ButtonsVolume ButtonsOn / Off Button
99 Indicators Frequency Indicator Signal Strength Value Signal Strength IndicatorVolume IndicatorBattery Voltage IndicatorGain Indicator
100 The Receiver - Setting the Frequency To change the frequency, press yellow arrows located directly below “Freq” on the display screen.= increase= decrease
101 The Receiver – Frequency Atmospheric conditions can cause a frequency to drift1 – 3 KHz (max 3 up or 3 down)When placing transmitters always separate by .004You may have to scroll up and down to get the best signalAlways listen for a “Chirp” being emitted every second from the transmitter
102 Signal Deviation .714 .711 .708 Signals can deviate Remember deviation can be 1 – 3 KHz (1-3 up or 1 -3 down)So increase the frequency KHz or decrease the frequency KHzAlways look for the strongest signal.711.708
103 Fine Tuning The Signal To change the frequency, simply press the yellow arrows located under “freq”= increase= decreaseAdjust until the proper “chirp” sound is achieved.Communicate to others in the search the new frequency as needed.
104 The Receiver - Volume Button To change volume press yellow arrows that are directly below “vol” on the display.= increase= decrease
105 The Receiver - Gain Button To change the gain, press yellow arrows that are directly below “Gain” on the display screen.= increase= decrease
106 The Receiver – Battery Power Level Power level is displayed on the screen to determine if the battery power is at the proper level.If it gets below 6.2 volts the Receiver needs to be rechargedThe lowest level the internal lithium batteries can reach is 6.1 Volts (LOW will be displayed on the screen)At 6.0 volts, the unit will shut down
107 The Signal Strength Display The signal strength will fluctuate with the reception of a signal from a PLB.The stronger the signal the greater the number displayed on the screen.
108 SpeakerThe speaker of the tracker, located in the front of the unit, emits a chirp that the transmitter is broadcasting, approximately once a second.LSI-G2Speaker Location
109 The Receiver – Antenna Connection The BNC connector of bothantennas connects to the antenna connection on the top of the tracker
110 The Receiver - Headphone Jack The plug from any standard 1/8” headset fits into the headset receiving port located on the side of the LSI-G2.
111 Tracker Power Supplies The LSI G-2 utilizes DC power from a lighter in a vehicle or an AC power supply.Both power cables plug directly into the unit in the back of the unit.NOTE: The tracker should be charged at all times as a dead tracker is just that. Tracker can be on constant charge but at minimum should be charged at least every 2 weeks.
112 The LSI-G2 Receiver-A.C. Charger When the internal lithium-ion batteries need charging, plug in the AC or DC cord supplied in the location shown.Remember to plug into the unit first and then into the power source.
113 Antennas Two Types of Antennas utilized with the Receiver: Yagi AntennaHand held antennaCoax cable connects antenna to receiverCable can connect from either endWhen the antenna is pointed in the direction of the PLB, you will receive the best signal being transmitted¾ to 1 mile range2. Omni-Directional AntennaMounts on top of a vehicle and will allow the operator to cover moregroundAntenna will pick up 360 degrees and will get you in the vicinity ofthe PLBThe Omni-directional’s range is ¼ mile radius
114 AntennasThe Yagi antenna connects to the tracker with a coaxial cable.The BNC connection is located on the top of the tracker and in the middle of the hand held yagi antenna.Either end of the cable can be used to make the connection.The Omni antenna connects to the tracker with a coaxial cable.The BNC connection is located on the top of the tracker.The BNC end of the cable can be used to make the connection.
115 Positioning of the Omni-Directional Antenna Mount this antenna 12 – 18 inches from the light barWhen mounted on top of the vehicle’s roof, the Omni will give you ¼ mile in each direction¼ mile radius
116 Ground Searches Two Questions to Always Ask! Where was the person last seen?2) How long ago?This will give you an idea of how much area you may have to cover.Note: At the time a LoJack SafetyNet trained officer is dispatched, the Radio Frequency shall be entered into the receiver and tracking should begin while responding to the point last scene.
117 BUILDING Search Techniques X X The searcher, having previously set the frequency, will then go to each corner of the building searching for a signal. The searcher will do a 360 ̊ turn and increase or decrease the frequency until they locate the signal.
118 Additional Available Units X XSelect an Officer in Charge (OIC). Each unit can do an individual 360 ̊ on their corner. If you get a signal, notify the OIC and move out. The OIC needs to keep the units from bunching up.Spreading out will allow the searchers to triangulate on the signal.Advantages of Additional UnitsSave searching timeCover more groundWill allow you to triangulate on the signal
119 360 ̊ Out SearchIf no signal has been located, pick a corner of the building and do the 360 ̊ out search. Intervals should be approx ¼ mile apart.
120 Utilizing Multiple Units 3rd unitPositioning can be determined by past history of the person.If they wandered before, where did they go?A lot of times they go in the same direction.4th unit1st unit2nd unit
121 TriangulationWhen searching for a PLB with more than one receiver, you can use the Triangulation Search.What is triangulation?Triangulation is a way of determining something's location using the locations of other things.RECEIVER # 1RECEIVER # 2RECEIVER # 3
122 Things to RememberKeep in contact with the OIC who is in charge of the searchIf you get a signal, stop and tell the OIC the direction of the signalUse landmarks, not North, South, East, or WestLet the OIC instruct you what to do nextLet the OIC know the strength of the signal (weak or strong)
123 Mobile Searches Cover more ground quicker Advantages: Vehicles reduce the amount of walkingCover more ground quickerDecreases the response time when responding to a searchMobile Search Procedures: Always power up the unit and dial in the frequency when responding to a searchFirst unit on the scene becomes the OIC until a ranking officer arrivesOIC positions units as they arrive in the area and has them do a 360 ̊ out until they get a signal
124 Omni-Directional Antenna Searching Procedures 1st Unit Receives a SignalSTOP MOVING IMMEDIATELY!Do not go on foot with the Yagi antenna because you could lose the signalIf you sit still and the signal gets weaker or stronger, consider that the subject is moving2nd Unit arrives and starts receiving a signalAt that point they give their location to the OICBoth units can go on foot with the Yagi antenna to determine direction of the signalOnce the direction is determined, both units keep each other and the OIC updated on the data received3rd Unit arrives in the areaThe OIC should send them further out to establish a perimeter because the person may be movingThis procedure allows for containment
125 Remember signals take the path of least resistance!! BounceWhat is Bounce?Bounce is the deflection of a signal off somethingExamples: a building or a semi-tractor-trailerAlways keep in mind to follow the strong signalIf it is a deflection, you will eventually pick up the main signalRemember signals take the path of least resistance!!What Sound to Listen For?“Chirp"When you are searching for someone, always listen for a strong chirping signal
126 Signals vs. No SignalsIf you have a good enough signal, begin using the Yagi antenna to trackIf you have not received a signal after 30 minutes of searching, begin planning for a traditional searchAfter 60 minutes of not receiving a signal, begin a traditional searchRemember- The LoJack SafetyNet Electronic Search and Rescue Program is just another tool to help save the lives of people at risk of wandering and becoming lost. There are no guarantees!
127 The Public Safety Agency/LoJack Partnership LoJack SafetyNet is here to support all agencies enrolled in the programThere is a 24x7 emergency call center available to respond to any of your needsFINDTHEM ( )The LoJack SafetyNet Law Enforcement Division is also available for assistanceScott Martin – LoJack SafetyNet Law Enforcement Director(860) orLoJack SafetyNet highly encourages all agencies enrolled in the program to share success stories (e.g. rescues) soon after they happen with LoJack SafetyNet’s Corporate Communications staffJeremy Warnick – Corporate Communications Manager – LoJack SafetyNet(781) orPaul McMahon – Vice President, Corporate Communications – LoJack Corp.(781) or
128 Electronic Search and Rescue System for People at Risk Public Safety Agency Training Program