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Ch 22 PP1 Unit 7 – Chapter 22 Africa South of the Sahara Today.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 22 PP1 Unit 7 – Chapter 22 Africa South of the Sahara Today."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 22 PP1 Unit 7 – Chapter 22 Africa South of the Sahara Today

2 I. Section I Living in Africa Living in Africa South of the Sahara South of the Sahara Play Pump-  Play Pump-  Children play on merry-go- round and pump water into tower at the same time! Ch 22 PP2

3 3 A. Agriculture Farming Methods & Export Crops Farming Methods & Export Crops Farming is the main economic activity of this region Farming is the main economic activity of this region Subsistence Farming – most people do this Subsistence Farming – most people do this Shifting Farming – move every 2-3 years to find better soil Shifting Farming – move every 2-3 years to find better soil Sedentary Farming – most common in areas w/good soil Sedentary Farming – most common in areas w/good soil Commercial Farming – produce crops on a large scale Commercial Farming – produce crops on a large scale Cash Crops – palm oil, peanuts, cacao, sisal (used in rope) Cash Crops – palm oil, peanuts, cacao, sisal (used in rope)

4 Ch 22 PP4 B. Logging & Fishing Forests cover almost 25% of this region Forests cover almost 25% of this region They are being destroyed rapidly They are being destroyed rapidly Why are these trees so important (especially in the southern hemisphere)? Why are these trees so important (especially in the southern hemisphere)?

5 Commercial Fishing Commercial Fishing Represents a small portion of economy Represents a small portion of economy Ch 22 PP5

6 6 C. Mining Resources Mining Wealth Mining Wealth South Africa – world’s largest producer of gold South Africa – world’s largest producer of gold Also produces gems & diamonds Also produces gems & diamonds Many mines are foreign owned or owned by rich white South Africans Many mines are foreign owned or owned by rich white South Africans Not much goes to the black mine workers Not much goes to the black mine workers Watch the movie “Blood Diamonds” if possible! Watch the movie “Blood Diamonds” if possible! An Imbalance of Riches An Imbalance of Riches Poor government management of resources has not helped the people of those countries, but instead foreigners Poor government management of resources has not helped the people of those countries, but instead foreigners

7 D. Industrialization Development of Manufacturing Development of Manufacturing Lack of infrastructure – resources needed to industrialize Lack of infrastructure – resources needed to industrialize What does this cause? What does this cause? By the late 1990’s, only 15% of the region’s GDP came from manufacturing! By the late 1990’s, only 15% of the region’s GDP came from manufacturing! Overcoming Obstacles Overcoming Obstacles Lack of skilled workers, power/energy, political conflicts/civil wars Lack of skilled workers, power/energy, political conflicts/civil wars Ch 22 PP7

8 E. Transportation & Communications Roads & Railroads Roads & Railroads Lack of money, skilled workers, rough terrain, wars – all make it difficult to keep roads & railways in working order Lack of money, skilled workers, rough terrain, wars – all make it difficult to keep roads & railways in working order Ch 22 PP8

9 Communications Communications Mostly radio Mostly radio TV & Telephones are limited TV & Telephones are limited Internet Commerce Internet Commerce Some Africans are using the internet to sell their goods and make a living! Some Africans are using the internet to sell their goods and make a living! Ch 22 PP9

10 10 II. Section II People & Their Environment

11 A. Shadow of Hunger Today, many people in this region must focus on survival Today, many people in this region must focus on survival Hunger is one of the biggest problems Hunger is one of the biggest problems In the 1990’s, many thousands of people died of starvation in the Horn of Africa – Somalia, Ethiopia, and Djibouti In the 1990’s, many thousands of people died of starvation in the Horn of Africa – Somalia, Ethiopia, and Djibouti Drought & wars contributed to the famine Drought & wars contributed to the famine Ch 22 PP11 Hunger Trouble Spots

12 Desertification Desertification The Sahel region once supported life and has now been effected by drought, people, and animals that have stripped this land The Sahel region once supported life and has now been effected by drought, people, and animals that have stripped this land Ch 22 PP12

13 A. (cont) Conflict & Hunger Conflict & Hunger War continues to be a major cause of famine War continues to be a major cause of famine Since 1990 – Liberia, Sudan, Somalia, Rwanda Since 1990 – Liberia, Sudan, Somalia, Rwanda MAJOR WAR ISSUES currently occurring in Somalia and Sudan MAJOR WAR ISSUES currently occurring in Somalia and Sudan Recent peace treaty between Ethiopia & Eritrea Recent peace treaty between Ethiopia & Eritrea Ch 22 PP13

14 Farming & Peace Farming & Peace After Eritrea gained its independence in 1993, farmers in both countries have tried to improve the land After Eritrea gained its independence in 1993, farmers in both countries have tried to improve the land Still facing issues like drought, though Still facing issues like drought, though The sandals worn by the fighters of independence have become iconic. This monument in Asmara was erected in memoriam. The sandals worn by the fighters of independence have become iconic. This monument in Asmara was erected in memoriam. Ch 22 PP14

15 B. Land Use Destruction of the Rain Forest Destruction of the Rain Forest In 1990, rain forest = 1.5 billion acres In 1990, rain forest = 1.5 billion acres By 2000, 126 million acres had disappeared By 2000, 126 million acres had disappeared How does this affect the people living there? How does this affect the people living there? How does it affect us? How does it affect us? Ch 22 PP15

16 Endangered Animals Endangered Animals Depletion of rain forests destroys habitats Depletion of rain forests destroys habitats Many animals face extinction Many animals face extinction Many animals are killed by poaching Many animals are killed by poaching Ch 22 PP16

17 Conservation & Tourism Conservation & Tourism Game preserves built Game preserves built Ecotourism introduced Ecotourism introduced Ch 22 PP17

18 Ch 22 PP18 C. Toward the Future This region is trying to work towards improvement for its plants, animals, & people This region is trying to work towards improvement for its plants, animals, & people Make sure you read pgs ! Make sure you read pgs !


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