We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byCordell Snape
Modified over 2 years ago
Slide 1 of 28 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > 8.3 Molecular Orbitals A Sigma Bond
Slide 2 of 28 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > 8.3 Molecular Orbitals Pi Bonds In a pi bond (symbolized by the Greek letter ), the bonding electrons are most likely to be found in sausage-shaped regions above and below the bond axis of the bonded atoms.
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 3 of 28 Bonding Theories > 8.3 Molecular Orbitals Pi-bonding Orbital
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > Slide 4 of VSEPR Theory How does VSEPR theory help predict the shapes of molecules?
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > Slide 5 of Hybrid Orbitals In what ways is orbital hybridization useful in describing molecules?
Slide 6 of 28 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > Hybrid Orbitals Orbital hybridization provides information about both molecular bonding and molecular shape. In hybridization, several atomic orbitals mix to form the same total number of equivalent hybrid orbitals. 8.3
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 7 of 28 Bonding Theories > 8.3 Hybrid Orbitals Hybridization Involving Single Bonds
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 8 of 28 Bonding Theories > 8.3 Hybrid Orbitals Hybridization Involving Double Bonds
Slide 9 of 28 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > 8.3 Hybrid Orbitals Hybridization Involving Triple Bonds
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 10 of 28 Bonding Theories > Hybrid Orbitals Simulation 7 Compare sp, sp 2, and sp 3 hybrid orbitals.
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 11 of 28 Section Quiz -or- Continue to: Launch: Assess students’ understanding of the concepts in Section Section Quiz.
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 12 of Section Quiz. 1.A molecular orbital belongs to a a.specific atom. b.molecule as a whole. c.specific pair of atoms. d.central atom.
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 13 of Section Quiz. 2.VSEPR theory enables prediction of 3- dimensional molecular shape because the valence electron pairs a.are attracted to each other. b.form molecules with only four possible shapes. c.stay as far apart as possible. d.always form tetrahedral shapes.
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 14 of 28 3.Orbital hybridization provides information about a.both molecular bonding and molecular shape. b.both molecular bonding and bond energy. c.neither molecular bonding nor molecular shape. d.neither molecular bonding nor bond energy. 8.3 Section Quiz.
END OF SHOW
Slide 1 of 28 Chemistry © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 2 of 28 Bonding Theories This car is being painted by a process called electrostatic.
Slide 1 of 28 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Bonding Theories > 8.3 Molecular Orbitals C. Bonding Theory: 1. molecular orbitals: When two atoms combine,
8.3 Molecular Orbitals How are atomic and molecular orbitals related?
Chapters 7 & 8 Test Bond Formation: Ionic, Covalent, Metallic Electron Dot Notation Electronegativity Difference & Bond Type (Nonpolar Covalent, Polar.
© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Molecular Compounds > Slide 1 of Molecular Orbitals How are atomic and molecular orbitals related? When two atoms.
8.3 Bonding Theories > 1 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 8 Covalent Bonding 8.1 Molecular Compounds.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Molecular Orbitals How are atomic and molecular orbitals related? Molecular.
Section 9-4 Section 9.4 Molecular Shapes Summarize the VSEPR bonding theory. atomic orbital: the region around an atom’s nucleus that defines an electron’s.
1 Chapter 9 Orbitals and Covalent Bond. 2 Atomic Orbitals Dont Work n to explain molecular geometry. n In methane, CH 4, the shape is tetrahedral. n The.
Bonding Theories Part 2: VSEPR Theory. Objectives Describe how VSEPR theory helps predict the shapes of molecules Describe how VSEPR theory helps predict.
When electrons are shared between 2 atoms, the atomic orbitals of these 2 atoms can overlap in 2 different ways, forming either sigma or pi bonds. 1.Sigma.
Chapter 9 Covalent Bonding: Orbitals. Chapter 9 Table of Contents 2 Return to TOC Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 9.1 Hybridization.
Copyright©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 Covalent Bonding: Hybrid Atomic Orbitals.
End Show Slide 1 of 23 Chemistry End Show © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 2 of Isomers The retinal molecule in the rod and cone.
Hybridization Section Introduction A hybrid results from combining 2 of the same type of object and it has characteristics of both Atomic orbitals.
Valence bond theory Electrons are not simply dots And bonds are not sticks.
H Sec. 8.3: Bonding Theories When bonding occurs, atomic orbitals overlap to produce molecular orbitals. Below is an example of “s” orbitals overlapping.
Molecular Shape VSEPR Model. Molecular Shape Physical/Chemical PROPERTIES SHAPE of Molecule (VSEPR) Overlap of ORBITALS (Hybridization)
s orbitals and p orbitals have different shapes. An s is sphere, p is pear shaped. 2 of the valence electrons in C are found in s orbitals, and the other.
Molecular Shapes Chapter 6 Section 3. Molecular Structure It mean the 3-D arrangement of atoms in a molecule Lewis dot structures show how atoms are bonded.
Molecular Shape Section 9.4 Chemistry. Objectives Discuss the VSEPR bonding theory Predict the shape of and the bond angles in a molecule Define hybridization.
Copyright©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 Chemistry FIFTH EDITION by Steven S. Zumdahl University of Illinois.
Slide 1 of 16 Chemistry © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 2 of Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Roach traps are baited with pheromones, which.
Geometry of Molecules VSEPR Theory. Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) The geometry of the molecule at any given central atom is determined.
Lecture 43 Molecular Shapes Ozgur Unal 1. Using the formula or the lewis structure of the following molecule, can you determine its three-dimensional.
Honors Shapes to Know: See Honors Packet – Linear – Trigonal Planar – Bent (with 3 e- regions and with 4) – Trigonal Pyramidal – Tetrahedral – Trigonal.
Chemical Bonding Hybridization and Molecular Orbital Theory.
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals Some Material Copyright PGCC CHM 101 Sinex Some Graphics from Nelson Chemistry 12 Textbook.
+ Wave Mechanics and Covalent Bond Formation Ch 9.
Two Bonding Theories Valence Bond Theory (localized electron model) –Electrons in a molecule still occupy orbitals of individual atoms. Molecular Orbital.
Ch. 9 Molecular Geometry & Bonding Theories Lewis structures tell us which atoms are bonded together, but we will now explore the geometric shapes of these.
COVALENT BONDING: ORBITALS Chapter 9. Hybridization The mixing of atomic orbitals to form special molecular orbitals for bonding. The atoms are responding.
Orbital Hybridizations & Molecular Shapes
6-5 Molecular Geometry. VSEPR Theory VSEPR theory – states that repulsion between the sets of valence-level electrons surrounding an atom causes these.
Section 8.13 Molecular Structure: The VSEPR Model VSEPR: Valence Shell Electron-Pair Repulsion. ▪Used to predict a 3-dimensional shape of a molecule ▪Based.
4.6 Quantum Mechanics and Bonding Hybridization We need next to examine the relationship between: isolated atoms (with valence e’s in s,p, and d orbitals.
4.6 Quantum Mechanics and Bonding: Hybridization.
Molecular Geometry. 2-D and 3-D Lewis Structures explain the two dimensional structure of molecules In order to model the actual structure of a molecule.
John E. McMurry Robert C. Fay Lecture Notes Alan D. Earhart Southeast Community College Lincoln, NE General Chemistry: Atoms First Chapter 5 Covalent Bonds.
Molecular structure and covalent bonding Chapter 8.
Chapter 9 Molecular Geometry & Bonding Theories Chapter 9 Molecular Geometry & Bonding Theories.
Chapter 8 – Covalent Bonding Ms. Wang Lawndale High School.
Molecular Orbital Theory Atomic orbitals mix together and make: – Bonding Orbitals Electrons in these orbitals help hold atoms near each other – Antibonding.
AP Chapter 9 Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories.
1 Chapter 9 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chemical Bonding II: Molecular Geometry and Hybridization.
1 Chapter 8 “Covalent Bonding” Ball-and-stick model.
Molecular Geometries and Bonding Chapter 9 Molecular Geometries and Bonding Theories.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.