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xxx 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555xxxxxx xxx xxx.

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Presentation on theme: "xxx 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555 1111 3333 2222 4444 5555xxxxxx xxx xxx."— Presentation transcript:

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3 The lining of the lungs is called the: A. peritoneum. B. pericardium. C. pleural membrane. D. cutaneous Membrane. Check Your Answer xxx for 1

4 The lining of the lungs is called the pleural membrane, which is a serous membrane. Back to the Game Board xxx for 1

5 These cells produce the waterproof outer surface of the skin: A. Melanocytes B. Lipocytes C. Keratinocytes D. Integumentocytes xxx for 2 Check Your Answer

6 Keratinocytes produce keratin, which is a protein waterproofs the skin. Back to the Game Board xxx for 2

7 These projections of the upper dermal layer contribute to the formation of fingerprints. A. Microvilli B. Dermal inclusions C. Stratum lucidum D. Dermal papillae xxx for 3 Check Your Answer

8 Dermal papillae contribute to the formation of fingerprints. Dermal papillae: ridges that produce fingerprints, used to grip Back to the Game Board xxx for 3

9 Sebaceous glands secrete: A. sweat B. keratin C. oil D. uric acid E. endorphins xxx for 4 Check Your Answer

10 Sebaceous glands Produce oil Lubricant for skin Prevents brittle hair Kills bacteria Most have ducts that empty into hair follicles; others open directly onto skin surface Glands are activated at puberty Back to the Game Board xxx for 4

11 The sun activates the synthesis of: A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin B-6 C. Vitamin B-12 D. Vitamin D E. Vitamin C xxx for 5 Check Your Answer

12 Integumentary System Physiology: functions 7. Synthesis of Vitamin D: acted on by UV rays, Vitamin D acts as a hormone to effect absorption of Ca+ in digestive tract. Back to the Game Board xxx for 5

13 This smooth muscle contracts to give you goose bumps. A. Dermal papillae B. Arrector pilli C. Skeletal muscle D. Dermal sheath xxx for 1 Check Your Answer

14 Arector pili: smooth muscle, keep hair at angle, stress hair goes perpendicular: goose-bumps Back to the Game Board xxx for 1

15 Which of the following is a connective tissue membrane: A. synovial membrane B. mucous membrane C. cutaneous membrane D. serous membrane E. pleural membrane xxx for 2 Check Your Answer

16 Synovial membrane Connective tissue only Lines fibrous capsules surrounding joints Secretes a lubricating fluid Back to the Game Board xxx for 2

17 Stratum ________ contains the Langerhans cells which serve as a part of the immune system. A. basal B. spinosum C. granulosum D. lucidum E. corneum xxx for 3 Check Your Answer

18 Epidermis: stratified squamous  Stratum spinosum spine/thorn like cells close together contain Langerhan cells Langerhans cells: protects against disease w/ helper T cells of the immune system. Back to the Game Board xxx for 3

19 A yellow/orange pigment which is the precursor for Vitamin A and needed for visual pigment. A. melanin B. hemoglobin C. albumin D. carotene E. collagen xxx for 4 Check Your Answer

20 Skin Color Pigments: Carotene: precursor for Vitamin A, needed for visual pigment yellow/orange Build up of yellow pigment os called jaundice Back to the Game Board xxx for 4

21 The dermis of the skin: A. contains receptors for cold, heat, & pain B. is composed of corneal & basal layers C. contains the melanocytes D. contains large amounts of fats xxx for 5 Check Your Answer

22 Dermis has TWO layers Papillary layer (upper dermal region) Projections called dermal papillae Some contain capillary loops Other house pain receptors and touch receptors Reticular layer (deepest skin layer) Blood vessels Sweat and oil glands Deep pressure receptors Back to the Game Board xxx for 5

23 The ABCD Rule is used in relationship to this disease/disorder: A.sun burns B.vitiligo C.skin cancer D.alopecia E.seborrhea xxx for 1 Check Your Answer

24 A= Aysmmetry: one half does not match the other half in size, shape B = Border Irregularity: edges are irregular, poorly defined C = Color: pigmentation not uniform D = Diameter: bigger then pencil eraser ( 6 mm) ABCD Rule relates to skin cancer Back to the Game Board xxx for 1

25 The epidermis is composed of: A. simple columnar epithelium B. stratified squamous epithelium C. adipose tissue D. dense fibrous connective tissue E. areolar tissue xxx for 2 Check Your Answer

26 Epidermis: stratified squamous Keratinocytes : cells produce keratin, protein to protect skin from heat, bacteria, chemicals, make up 90% Melanocytes : make up 8% made of pigment melanin, protects from UV rays Langerhans cells : protects against disease w/ helper T cells, from bone marrow Merkel cells : least numerous, deepest layer, touch sensation/nerve disc Back to the Game Board xxx for 2

27 xxx for 3 Check Your Answer The hypodermis is composed of: A. simple columnar epithelium B. stratified squamous epithelium C. adipose tissue D. dense fibrous connective tissue E. areolar tissue

28 Subcutaneous tissue (HYPODERMIS) is deep to dermis Not part of the skin Anchors skin to underlying organs Composed mostly of adipose tissue Back to the Game Board xxx for 3

29 Hair & nails are produced by cells in the: A. dermis B. hypodermis C. sweat gland D. epidermis E. sebaceous gland xxx for 4 Check Your Answer

30 Hair is produced by hair follicles in the DERMIS. Back to the Game Board xxx for 4

31 Nails contain a large amount of this substance: A. sweat B. keratin C. oil D. uric acid E. melanin xxx for 5 Check Your Answer

32 Nails Scale-like modifications of the epidermis Heavily keratinized Stratum basale extends beneath the nail bed responsible for growth Lack of pigment makes them colorless Back to the Game Board xxx for 5

33 Condition of thinning and some degree of baldness. Diseases/Disorders for 1 Check Your Answer

34 Alopecia Baldness (Alopecia): androgens inhibit hair growth Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 1

35 Overproduction of skin cells causing dry, silvery scales. Diseases/Disorders for 2 Check Your Answer

36 Psoriasis Cause is unknown Triggered by trauma, infection, stress Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 2

37 Disorder = increase in size of melanocytes often a part of the aging process. Diseases/Disorders for 3 Check Your Answer

38 “Liver Spots” Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 3

39 Condition characterized by the inability to produce melanin. Diseases/Disorders for 4 Check Your Answer

40 albinism: inability to produce melanin vitiligo: loss of melanocytes form patches on skin Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 4

41 malignancy of the lowest epidermal layer Diseases/Disorders for 5 Check Your Answer

42 Basal cell melanoma Basal cell: 78% of all skin cancers, rarely spreads, just basal layer Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 5

43 Full-thickness burn that destroys both the epidermis & dermis Diseases/Disorders for 1 Check Your Answer

44 Third-degree burns Destroys entire skin layer Burn is gray-white or black Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 1

45 Staphylococcus bacterial infection causing water- filled lesions around the mouth & nose Diseases/Disorders for 2 Check Your Answer

46 Skin Homeostatic Imbalances Infections and allergies Impetigo Caused by bacterial infection ( Staphylococcus) Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 2

47 decubitus ulcers Diseases/Disorders for 3 Check Your Answer

48 Bedsores Pressure sores = decubitus ulcers Deficiency of blood to tissue over a bony projection subject to prolonged pressure: bed, cast Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 3

49 over-activity of the sebaceous glands that results in dandruff, Also known as “cradle cap” in infants Diseases/Disorders for 4 Check Your Answer

50 seborrhea (see page 119) Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 4

51 Cancer of skin pigment cells. Diseases/Disorders for 5 Check Your Answer

52 malignant melanoma Malignant melanoma : (melanocytes cancer) leading cause of death in skin disease spreads rapidly 2% of all skin cancers Back to the Game Board Diseases/Disorders for 5


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