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13 Changes on the Western Frontier QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION Cultures Clash on.

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Presentation on theme: "13 Changes on the Western Frontier QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION Cultures Clash on."— Presentation transcript:

1 13 Changes on the Western Frontier QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION Cultures Clash on the Prairie 1 SECTION Settling on the Great Plains 2 SECTION Farmers and the Populist Movement 3 MAP GRAPH

2 13 Changes on the Western Frontier HOME CHAPTER OBJECTIVE To analyze the settlement of the Great Plains during the late 1800s and to examine Native American policies, private property rights, and the Populist movement

3 13 W I T H H I S T O R Y I N T E R A C T What do you expect to find on settling in the West? Examine the Issues It is the late 1890s. The American West is the last frontier. Ranchers, cowboys, and miners have changed forever the lives of the Native Americans who hunted on the Western plains. Now westward fever intensifies as “boomers” rush to grab “free” farm land with the government’s blessing. If native peoples already live in your intended home, how will you co-exist? What might be some ways to make a living on the Western frontier? HOME How might settlers and Native Americans differ regarding use of the land? Changes on the Western Frontier

4 13 The United StatesThe World 1869 Suez Canal is opened Red Cloud, chief of the Oglala Sioux, states his people's case in Washington, D.C Secret ballot is adopted in Britain James Garfield is elected president. TIME LINE HOME 1884 Grover Cleveland is elected president Oklahoma opened for settlement; the land rush begins Sioux are massacred at Wounded Knee. continued Garfield is assassinated. Chester Arthur becomes president French occupy Tunisia. Changes on the Western Frontier

5 13 The United StatesThe World 1899 Berlin Conference divides Africa among European nations William McKinley is elected president. William Jennings Bryan runs for president Boxer Rebellion takes place in China. TIME LINE HOME 1893 Diminished U.S. gold reserve triggers the panic of France takes over Indochina. Changes on the Western Frontier

6 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie Pursuit of economic opportunity leads settlers to push westward. Settlers confront established Native American cultures. With the help of cowboys, the cattle industry thrives as the Native American culture of the Great Plains declines. About 1890 the frontier is closed. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME

7 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie OVERVIEW The cattle industry boomed in the late 1800s, as the culture of the Plains Indians declined. Today, ranchers and Plains Indians work to preserve their cultural traditions. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME Chisholm Trail Great Plains Sitting Bull Dawes Act Battle of Wounded Knee Treaty of Fort Laramie George A. Custer assimilation longhorn long drive ASSESSMENT

8 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Provide supporting details about the culture of the Plains Indians in each of the three categories. Culture of the Plains Indians Buffalo and HorseFamily LifeBeliefs continued... HOME Source of food, clothes, shelter, and transportation Communal property and government; individualism valued Focus on the present; world inhabited by spirits ASSESSMENT

9 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie 2. Why do you think the assimilation policy of the Dawes Act failed? Think About: ANSWER Lack of support by the government, abuses of the act by white opportunists, and Native Americans’ lack of interest in private property the experience of Native Americans such as Zitkala-Sa the attitudes of many white leaders toward Native Americans the merits of owning property HOME ASSESSMENT continued... the importance of cultural heritage

10 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie 3. What economic opportunities drew large numbers of people to the Great Plains beginning in the mid-1800s? ANSWER Growth of the railroads, the burgeoning cattle industry, and government support of “free land” HOME ASSESSMENT continued...

11 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie 4. Identify the reasons for the rise and the decline of the cattle industry. ANSWER Rise: the seizure of Native American lands; the adaptation of the longhorn to the Plains; the growing demand for beef Decline: overgrazing; bad weather; barbed wire and end of the open plains HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 1

12 2 Settling on the Great Plains The promise of cheap, fertile land draws thousands of settlers westward to seek their fortunes as farmers. Settlers face extreme hardships in taming the land. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME MAP GRAPH

13 2 Settling on the Great Plains HOME OVERVIEW Settlers on the Great Plains transformed the land despite great hardships. The Great Plains region remains the bread basket of the United States. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES ASSESSMENT bonanza farm Morrill Act Homestead Act exoduster soddy MAP GRAPH

14 2 Settling on the Great Plains 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List four events that shaped the settling of the Great Plains. continued : Homestead Act HOME ASSESSMENT 1869: Completion of the first transcontinental railroad 1874: Development of barbed wire 1889: Oklahoma land rush Event One Event Two Event Three Event Four MAP GRAPH

15 2 Settling on the Great Plains 2. How successful were government efforts to promote settlement of the Great Plains? Think About: ANSWER Success: Increased miles of railroad track and population helped settle the plains. Failure: Despite the private property rights of homesteaders, only about 10 percent of the land was actually settled by the families for whom it was intended; the railroads subsidized by the government became overly powerful. the growth in population on the Great Plains the role of railroads in the economy HOME ASSESSMENT continued... the Homestead Act MAP GRAPH

16 2 Settling on the Great Plains 3. Review the changes in technology that influenced the life of settlers on the Great Plains in the late 1800s. Explain how you think settlement of the plains would have been different without these inventions. ANSWER Without technology there would have been more crop dehydration; wandering animals and trampled crops; and crops ruined by inclement weather. HOME ASSESSMENT continued... MAP GRAPH

17 2 Settling on the Great Plains 4. How did the railroads take advantage of farmers? ANSWER Railroads charged plains farmers a higher fee than they did farmers in the East; they charged more for short hauls and forced the farmers deeper into debt. HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 2 MAP GRAPH

18 3 Farmers and the Populist Movement Farmers band together to address their economic problems, giving rise to the Populist movement. Economic troubles lead to clashes over silver or gold as the basis of the monetary system. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME

19 3 Farmers and the Populist Movement HOME TERMS & NAMES Farmers’ Alliances William McKinley gold standard William Jennings Bryan Oliver Hudson Kelley Grange Populism bimetallism ASSESSMENT OVERVIEW Farmers united to address their economic problems, giving rise to the Populist movement. Many of the Populist reform issues, such as income tax and legally protected rights of workers, are now taken for granted. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW

20 3 Farmers and the Populist Movement 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Identify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had. continued... Falling prices for crops HOME ASSESSMENT Inability to repay loans Excessive railroad prices New ideas that later became law Political forum for addressing special interests Message of hope to downtrodden CausesEffects Populist Party

21 3 Farmers and the Populist Movement 2. What do you think were the most significant factors in bringing an end to the Populist Party? Think About: ANSWER Bryan’s free-silver stand seems to have been most instrumental in bringing about the fall of the populist Party. His stand led gold bug Democrats to nominate their own candidate. It also weakened his support in cities where consumers feared inflation. continued... monetary policy third-party status HOME ASSESSMENT source of popular support popular participation policy

22 3 Farmers and the Populist Movement 3. How did the Grange and the Farmers’ Alliances pave the way for the Populist Party? ANSWER The Grange informed members on issues that affected them. It raised questions on issues that would become the basis of the Populist Party. HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 3


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