Presentation on theme: "Comprehension Connections Linked to: Strategies That Work."— Presentation transcript:
Comprehension Connections Linked to: Strategies That Work
Best Way to Teach Comprehension Strategies Teacher Modeling Guided Practice Independent Practice Application of the Strategy in Real Reading Situations
Best Practice Instruction: Showing Kids How Reading aloud Thinking aloud and coding the text Lifting text Reasoning through the text Providing anchor experiences Rereading for deeper meaning
Strategies That Work Making Connections Visualizing Determining Importance Drawing Inferences Asking Questions Synthesizing Information
Tanny McGregor This is just what I want to do for children: Provide concrete instruction that jump-starts them into the realm of strategic thinking. With each lesson I construct, I want to empower students with tools of language, building their confidence as they bridge the known to the new. For many of them it will be a new deal, where thinking replaces the right answer, where meaning is created and not simply received.
Metacognition: Its the thought that counts Real Reading Salad Warriors of God Fake out when I read…. Fake reading I Read It, but I Dont Get It, Chris Tovani 2001 Dont Laugh at Me (use for salad) Think and Text bowls Venn Diagram (book and head) The Thought Bubble Buzzy the Bumblebee, Denise Brennan-Nelson Animals Asleep, Sneed Collard
What Good Readers Do … Track their own thinking Notice when they lose focus Stop and go back Reread to understand Read ahead to find meaning Identify what is causing the confusion Know that every question is important Think critically and are able to disagree Match the difficulty with the strategy that will best solve it
Drawing Inferences Every inference must be directly supported by evidence The Garbage Story …. Formula charts for inference
Asking Questions Children believe that asking questions is for dummies, and they know that far too many adults dont appreciate inquisitive minds. Even worse, excessive testing has taught students to spend their energies in pursuit of the one right answer, never mind any questions that the reader might have. Children enter school as question marks ? and come out as periods.
Questioning The Rock….special to me Questioning Thinking Stems Poster The author strings you along and your questions fuel the drive to keep reading The Lemonade Crime Books by David Wiesner (wordless) Free Fall Tuesday Sector 7
Quotes about Questioning Ones first step in wisdom is to question everything. Lichtenberg, scientist The important thing is not to stop questioning. Einstein The answers arent important really…Whats important is –know all the questions. Snyder, author It is better to know some of the questions than all of the answers. Thurber, humorist Not to know is bad; not to wish to know is worse. African proverb Judge a man by his questions rather than by his answers. Voltaire, philosopher All men by nature desire to know. Aristotle, philosopher The desire to know is natural to good men. DaVinci, artist
Determining Importance Children need to know how to single out and process what is meaningful and how to recognize and set aside distractions in text and in daily life. CNN (text and images in 5 minutes) Graphs Maps Titles Subheadings Bulleted information Dow, NASDAQ, S&P Pictures within pictures Scrolling weather and news Three changes of anchors and sets Time in three zones Correspondents names and credits
Determining Importance Determining Importance chart My Purse Straining the Spaghetti A Circle of Friends by Giora Carmi Thats Wild books in Bookrooms In your thirst for knowledge, be sure not to drown in all the information. DAngelo, author The truth is more important than the facts. Frank Lloyd Wright Imagination is more important than knowledge. Einstein Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all. Carnegie
Synthesizing The Nesting Dolls All dolls lined up in ascending order The bigger I get, the bigger my thinking gets. I grow and change and so does my thinking. It reminds me of what happens in cartoons, when a snowball rolls down a hill. When I read new information, I just add it to stuff I already know. My thinking used to be one thing, but now it is something else.
Put the nesting dolls together – Largest stands alone Big ideas are made up of little ideas. You cant always tell how much thinking happened to get to a big idea. We hold all of our thinking inside of us. Our best thinking starts out with something small. The Littlest Matryoshka, Corrine Demas Bliss Spiral (Spiral slides, notebook, lollipops, cinnamon rolls)