Presentation on theme: "Objectives: 1.Define what science is 2.Understand different types of observations 3.Compare and Contrast between a Law, Theory, and Prediction (Hypothesis)"— Presentation transcript:
Objectives: 1.Define what science is 2.Understand different types of observations 3.Compare and Contrast between a Law, Theory, and Prediction (Hypothesis)
What is Science? A method of asking questions to gain knowledge about the natural world.
Science is Tentative Ever changing as we get more evidence
Types of Scientific Information What is an Observation? factual data that you or someone else can see, feel, hear, smell, taste or measure. Data is concrete and absolute!!! FACT
Two Categories of Observations Indirect Observations: Someone tells you about it Direct Observations: Sensory / First hand. You see it for yourself
Two types of Data / Observations Quantitative: Deals with numbers. Is measurable and specific.
Two types of Data / Observations Qualitative: Deals with words. Properties, descriptions, interpretations
Law Law: is a tested observation that is replicated without exception. A statement describing a natural event of phenomenon. A Law tells you what will happen.
Theory Theory: is the tested outcome of a prediction. It tells you “Why” something happened.
Prediction (Hypothesis) Prediction: a proposed solution to a scientific problem based on gathered information
Occam’s Razor In science, the simplest solution is probably correct The fewer the number of steps, the better. The fewer the gaps, the better. Items without supernatural influences or bias are best.