Presentation on theme: "Bangkok, 27 June, 2007 República de Bolivia Ministerio de Planificación del Desarrollo Viceministerio de Planificación Territorial y Ambiental National."— Presentation transcript:
Bangkok, 27 June, 2007 República de Bolivia Ministerio de Planificación del Desarrollo Viceministerio de Planificación Territorial y Ambiental National Programme on Climate Change Mauricio Zaballa Romero LESSONS LEARNED AND BEST PRACTICES WITH ONDUCTING THE TNA OF BOLIVIA
Bolivia has signed the UNFCCC in 1992 and ratified it in Due to the Article 4.5 of the UNFCCC, Bolivia started in 2002 its “Initial Technology Needs Assessments (TNA)”. The TNA was submitted to the Secretariat of the UNFCCC in 2003.
TRANSFERENCE OF TECHNOLOGIES Mitigation Adaptation 1) Diagnosis 2) Identify new technologies or measures for the TT
To conduct the TNA the following issues were considered as guidance points: i.GHGs inventories of 1990 to ii.The National Climate Change Strategy of Bolivia. iii.Energy and Industrial Sectoral diagnosis. Regulation Framework Institutional situation Market and financial situation The analysis was carry out for the following sectors: i.Energy Sector ii.Industrial Sector iii.Forestry Sector
The following barriers were identified as the principal barriers to not conduct a successfully transference of technologies: i.Legal framework (incentives or barriers) ii.Economic and financial iii.Insufficient data information (decision makers and regulators) iv.Not trained or poorly trained technical staff v.Limited research on new technologies due to the absence of properly funding vi.Socio cultural perceptions and behavior vii.Environmental
1. Edifications – Buildings a.Improvement of the cooking systems Improvement of the cooking systems. Substitution or displacement of the of the combustible by natural gas. Increment the number of gas pipeline connections b.Illumination Use of fluorescents lamps. c.Heating and water heating systems Use of natural gas power generation systems for heating activities. Cogeneration systems to satisfy the heating and water heating demand. Use of solar power generation.
a.Energy Distribution Improvement of the industrial thermal process (Owen, heat retrieving systems). Biomass power generation (Sugarcane, soybean production) Improvement of the power use and power distribution systems. Substitution or displacement of power generation systems based on fuel to gas power generation systems. Training of the technical staff. b.Illumination and other energy uses Use of efficient lamps for the public illumination system Use of solar power generation c.Heating and water heating systems Use of natural gas for heating activities Construction or increment of gas pipeline net. Cogeneration systems to satisfy the heating and water heating demand. Use of solar energy especially for water heating purposes.
a.Power generation and distribution Improve the administration and energy distribution efficiency. Replace or improvement of power generation engines and distribution devices. Improve the maintaining operation systems and its engines or devices. Improve the combustion process. Heat retrieve from the combustion process. Improve the heat distribution systems, using a better and isolated materials. Good maintenance of combustion engines and distribution systems. Training of the technical staff.
a.Oil Power generation and distribution Operation improvement and increase the efficiency of the refineries. New technologies. b.Natural Gas Introduction of the good practices and new technologies to avoid the losses produced due to gas treatment and its transport. Injection of the surplus of CO 2. c.Power generation Application of combined cycle generation systems. Use of power and cogeneration systems heat. Incentives for introduction of renewable energies Modifications to the Legal Framework incentives. Improvement of the energy distribution system to avoid losses. d.Renewable Energies Generation and cogeneration systems based on Biomass especially for Rural industries (sugar, soybean). Use of the renewable energies for rural areas Solar, wind, mini- hydro and hybrid power generation systems.
a.Cement Industries Improve or introduction of new combustion process (Kiln, maintaining operation systems and its engines or devices). b.Brewery Industries Improvement of the current CO2 retrieve system. c.Sugar Industries Improve the combustion process. d.Paint Industries Improvement of the mixing engines or system devices. Isolation improvement of the deposits or tanks to avoid the GHGs emission.
a.Forestry activities Define and Implement the Forestry Plan Management. Application of the Forestry Management systems. Stop the irrational land habilitation for agricultural purposes through the burning methods Implement the slash and cut techniques. Avoid the deforestation through alternative extractive production hand collection of fruits and seeds (secondary products of the forest). Efficiency improvement in the wood processing systems. Integral wood use and its “waste” Use of sawdust for other purposes (wood pressed). Use of the biomass for power generation purposes. Training activities
a.Legal framework incentives. b.Economic and financial Taxes, Funding. c.Insufficient data information Funding for thematic research, Institutional workplans, EIAs, other regulations. d.Improvement of the control and regulation systems. e.Capacity Building programs. f.Limited research on new technologies due to the absence of properly funding. g. Socio cultural perceptions and behavior Generate a public process to make the population aware about the benefits to have a cleaner industry.
What has Bolivian doing after the TNA? 1)Legislation on the National and Sectoral levels i.Conformation of Energy working group to work on the barriers removal for a better implementation of the CDM and to permit the fluent transference of technologies. ii.The issue of TT was introduced in the new “National Plan of Development” of the current government. Especially in the Energy, Oil and Gas, Water, Environment and Education and Research sectors.
In 2005, with the financial support of Netherlands, the Five- year Plan of the National Programme on Climate Change begun its activities. This Five-year Plan created a Fund for projects which have a focus on Adaptation and Mitigation. The Five-year Plan has been financing 32 projects on Climate Change in its first phase. In the second phase 28 projects will be funded.
Improvement of the agricultural production with: ◦ Better use of the water resource ◦ Irrigation systems ◦ Diversifying the agricultural production ◦ Training to the peasants in biological production and techniques against the soil erosion.
2007 Chacaltaya Huayna Potosí Chacaltaya glacier melting from 1940 to 2007 Fuente: IHH - IRD, 2007
Glacier backwards of Tuni – Condoriri
Demanda Demanda vs Oferta de Cuenca Mapa Fuente: EPSAS Fuente: Ramirez & Olmos, PROYECCIÓN Sistema Tuni-Condoriri Milluni El Alto La Paz
However the efforts until now implemented on Transference of Technologies for Adaptation and Mitigation……, the impacts are still bigger!! Without a decisive financial and technical support Bolivia will not overcome the impacts of the global warming.
Calle Mercado Nº 1328, Edif. Mariscal Ballivián, Mezannine Tel: Fax: La Paz - Bolivia Thanks for your attention !!!