Presentation on theme: "ITU Statistical Activities"— Presentation transcript:
1 ITU Statistical Activities Korea National Statistical Office (NSO) and Ministry of Commerce, Industry & Energy (MOCIE)16 June 2004, GenevaEsperanza C. MagpantayMarket, Economics and Finance Unit (MEF)International Telecommunication Union
2 Topics ITU Telecommunication/ICT Indicators data collection Challenges Meetings/WorkshopsInternational CooperationForms of data disseminationDigital Access Index (DAI)Conclusion
3 ICT Indicators: data collection (for telecom regulators, ministries) Telephone NetworkMobile ServicesOther servicesTrafficStaffQuality of ServiceTariffsRevenue and ExpenseCapital ExpenditureBroadcastingInformation TechnologyPresent:Two data collection in a year (short questionnaire around April, Long questionnaire around summer) next data collection will be in July for Asia telecomWe cover these areas in all our data collectionGive examples in each category of indicators we collect
4 ICT Indicators: data collection (National statistical offices) Until last year, we did not send any questionnaire directly to NSOsThis year, there will be a metadata collection on ICT statistics availability in countries to be conducted by UN Economic Commissions (i.e. UNESCAP for Asia)Indicators we collect:Households with:ElectricityRadioTelevisionTelephone (only fixed, only mobile, both fixed and mobile)personal computerInternet access from the home
5 Challenges Not every country returns/answers questionnaire Incomplete data: Not all questions get answeredMore work to aggregate operators’ data since the fall of monopolyOperators’ data or annual reports sometimes not availableNewer ICT data hard to obtain from developing countriesNot all national statistical agencies collect ICT statistics-Here you can just read and elaborate a bit.
6 ITU Telecom/ICT Meeting World Telecommunication/ICT meeting (every 2 years, next meeting in February 2005)Last meeting revised the list of indicators and definitionsIndicators workshop on community access to ICTs (Mexico, Planned November 2004)Last workshop discussed and identified indicators on community access to ICTsRegional workshops (Africa, Americas, Asia)November 2004 – AfricaAim to discuss ICT data collection at regional levels and to choose pilot countries in Africa to conduct ICT household survey
7 International cooperation UN Millennium Development Goals Monitoring (UN MDG)WSIS Statistical Side Event (Geneva, December 8-9, 2003)OtherWorld Bank, OECD, EUROSTAT, UNCTAD, UNDPPartnership
8 Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development Partners: ITU, OECD, UNCTAD, UNESCO, other international organizations, National Statistics OfficesLaunched: UNCTAD XI, Sao Paolo, June 16, 2004Objectives:to identify a set of core ICT indicators at the business and household level that would be collected by all countries, and harmonized at the international levelto assist developing countries in building capacity and competence to produce ICT statistics and monitor ICT developments at the national levelto develop a database of core indicators and make it available on the Internet, including links to relevant supporting information
9 ICTs and UN Millennium Development Goals “Target 18: In cooperation with private sector make available the benefits of new technologies, specifically information and communication”ITU reports three indicators to UN MDG indicators database (per 100 inhabitants)Telephone subscribers (fixed and mobile)Personal computersInternet usersHow ICTs can help achieve the Millennium Declaration Goals and Targets (with suggested indicators)
10 Forms of data dissemination ITU Statistical Publications(Yearbook of Statistics, World Telecommunication Development Report, Regional Telecommunication Indicators reports)ITU CD-ROM (World Telecommunication Indicators Database)Free statistics published in our ICT website for basic indicators, cellular subscribers, information technology and data for top operators (Requests made by users either by phone, fax or
11 Yearbook of Statistics First Statistical Yearbook issued 40 years agoPublished towards the end of each yearContaining country pages for around 180 countriesEach country page contains data for 10 yearsLatest edition contains data until 2002Available in paper and electronic (PDF) format.First YB published 40 years ago.Latest is the 30th edition30th edition published end May 2004.Contains country pages, with 10 year data per page, latest data until 2002.Available in paper or PDF formatYearbook of Statistics Telecommunication Services
12 Regional Publications Regional Telecommunication IndicatorsSpecifically prepared for regional Telecom eventsContains 3 parts: Overview, regional statistics and directory of telecommunication operatorsLatest is Africa Telecom Indicators 2004 released in Africa Telecom 2004Upcoming Asia Pacific Indicators for Asia Telecom, September 2004Regional publications are also publishedFor Telecom events : Latest (Asia Pacific Indicators 2002) was released at Telecom Asia held on December 2002Contains 3 parts: Overview, regional statistics, directory of telecom operators
13 World Telecommunication Indicators Database Released every yearAvailable in CD-ROM and electronic download via ITU bookshopContains around 100 indicators for more than 200 economiesAbility to extract, chart, export and map dataNext release end of June 2004 and will contain some 2003 data
14 World Telecommunication Development Report 2003 7th EditionPublished every yearContains analysis and latest ICT/Telecommunication indicators tables for around 180 economiesReleased last December 2003 on the occasion of WSIS Statistical Side EventAvailable in paper and electronic (PDF) format.Insert the new cover.
15 World Telecommunication Development Report 2003: Access Indicators for the Information Society 1. Accessing the Information Society2. Measuring Access to ICTs3. ICTs in Business, Education and Government4. ICTs and the Millennium Development Goals5. The Digital Access Index6. Conclusion
16 e-ITU Indicators: Universal service Households with:electricityradiotelevisionTelephone (only fixed, only mobile, both fixed and mobile)personal computerInternet access from the home
17 e-ITU Indicators: Universal access Number of people:covered by mobile telephony signalthat use a personal computerwith access to Internet (at home, at school, at work or a public facility)
18 e-ITU Indicators: Business: Education Government Businesses with computerBusinesses with InternetBusinesses with websiteEducationStudent to computer ratio (elementary and secondary)% of schools connected to InternetGovernmentGovernment offices with Internet connectionGovernment offices with websiteGovernment employees with Internet access
19 e-ITU Indicators: Digital Access Index Indicators Fixed telephone subscriber lines (PSTN +ISDN subscribers)Mobile subscribersInternet access tariffsInternational Internet bandwidthBroadband subscribersInternet users
20 Digital Access Index (DAI) Indicators making up the Index What is DAIDiscuss advantages over other indices.Discuss indicators and category indicesMethodologies, weighting, goalpostsResultsSource: ITU
21 DAI: Methodology INFRASTRUCTURE AFFORDABILITY KNOWLEDGE QUALITY USAGE Fixed subscriber lines per 100 inhabitants / 60 * (1/2)Mobile cellular subscribers per 100 inhabitants / 100 * (1/2)AFFORDABILITY1 – ((20 hours Internet access per month / Gross National Income per month) / 100)KNOWLEDGELiteracy / 100 * (2/3)School enrolment / 100 * (1/3)QUALITYInternational Internet bandwidth per 100 inhabitants / 10’000 * (1/2)Broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants / 30 * (1/2)USAGEInternet users per 100 inhabitants / 85
22 Rationale for goalposts IndicatorNoteMain telephone lines per 100 inhabitants60The highest value was 69.3, by Sweden in This has since declined to 65.3 inMobile subscribers per 100 inhabitants100The value of 100 has already been reached by two economies: Luxembourg and Taiwan, China.Literacy, School enrolmentThe UNDP establishes these valuesInternet access price as percent of GDP per capitaIt is not possible to spend more than one earns on Internet access.Broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants30The Republic of Korea leads the world with 21 broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants at the end of At a level of 30 per 100 inhabitants, more than 90 percent of households would have broadband.International Internet bandwidth per capita10’000This level has already been exceed in three countries most notably Denmark where the value is more than twice the goalpost.Internet users per 100 inhabitants85The highest value for Internet penetration over the entire population in Iceland with a rate of 65 (81 percent of of those between age 12-80). A goalpost of 85 implies that all in that age range are using the Internet.
23 DAI Results (Top 10) Economies INFRA-STRUCTURE AFFORD-ABILITY KNOWLEDGEQUALITYUSAGEDigital Access IndexSweden0.9440.9850.9900.6360.6740.846Denmark0.8940.9820.6620.6030.826Iceland0.8860.9600.5010.7630.820Korea, Rep.0.7460.9710.9560.7440.6490.813Norway0.8410.9920.5500.5910.793Netherlands0.7760.9830.6110.5960.791Hong Kong, China0.9300.9980.8330.6820.5060.790Finland0.8090.9760.5460.5990.784Taiwan, China0.9790.9730.9500.5570.4500.782USA0.7360.9700.5420.778Can I use this table?
25 ConclusionsUse existing model surveys for collecting data on business and individual and household use of ICTDeveloped nations and multilateral agencies should assist developing nations to compile ICT indicatorsICT policy makers should liaise with their NSOs to ensure required data are collectedSurveys should be carried out on a regular basis and good statistical practice should be maintained