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中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration CAP in National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System of China COMMON ALERTING PROTOCOL (CAP) IMPLEMENTATION.

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Presentation on theme: "中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration CAP in National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System of China COMMON ALERTING PROTOCOL (CAP) IMPLEMENTATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration CAP in National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System of China COMMON ALERTING PROTOCOL (CAP) IMPLEMENTATION WORKSHOP WMO HEADQUARTERS, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND, APRIL 2013 Li Chao Gao Kang Public Weather Service Center,CMA National Meteorological Information Center, CMA

2 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Presentation Outline 1The Challenge of Alerting in China 2National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System 3Application and Adaption of CAP 4Phase II construction 2

3 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Diverse types of Disasters in China CategoryExample natural hazard Droughts, typhoons, storms, floods, hail, ice, snow, wind, high temperature, dust storms, lightning and other weather disasters, earthquakes, mountain collapse, landslides, mudslides and other geological disasters, forest and grassland fires, a major biological disaster, agricultural pests and diseases accident disaster Civil aviation, railways, highways, waterways, rail transportation and other major transportation accidents, industrial and mining enterprises, construction, public places and organs, enterprises and institutions of all kinds of major security incidents, have a significant impact and the loss of water supply, electricity, fuel land gas and other urban lifeline accident and communications, information networks, special equipment and other accidents public health emergency infectious diseases caused or may cause serious damage to the public health, mass unexplained disease, a major food and occupational poisoning, a major animal epidemic, as well as other serious impact on public health events social safety Major criminal cases, foreign-related emergencies, terrorist attacks, and the larger mass emergencies Economic crisis Resources, energy and the necessities of life is a serious shortage of financial credit crisis and other serious economic disorders, economic turmoil and economic security emergencies

4 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 1.2 Various Dissemination Systems All ministries or departments have various public alerting systems. E.g. Disease outbreaks by National Health and Family Planning Commission through Press conference, the news media Earthquakes by China Earthquake Administration through Web sites, fax Geological Disaster by Ministry of Land and Resources through SMS text on cell phones, radio, television, Web sites Main question: Time effective, incomplete coverage, lack of interoperability and information sharing 4

5 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 1.3 Dissemination of Met disaster Information I.Possesses branches all over the whole nation (1 State-level, 31 Province-level, 342 Prefecture-level, 2379 County -level) II.Vertical and Horizontal network III.Facilitated satellite resource for back-up IV.Multi-dissemination channel

6 办公场所办公场所 发射机房发射机房 发射天线发射天线 Rank No.1 in service website in domestic TV weather forecast A total of 3 3 00 programs Mobile phone text message Customer 130 million For agriculture service Weather voice telephone Over53 million times per month Met Inf. Service station 45,000 Warning horn 179,000 Electronic display 70,000 Marine weather radio National-level 3, local 5 Met departments Multi-method, wide coverage Rural Inf. workers 550,000

7 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Presentation Outline 1The Challenge of Alerting in China 2National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System 3Application and Adaption of CAP 4 Phase II construction 7

8 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 2.1 Organization 8  Authorized By Emergency Response Office of State Council  Built by China Meteorological Administration (CMA)  Operated by National Early Warning Center. Located in Public Weather Service Center of CMA

9 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 2.2 Main Features I.Allows the authorities of China to notify people under all emergency circumstances which are divided into four categories including : ① natural hazard ② accident disaster ③ public health emergency ④ social safety II.A wide range of people Government leaders 100% Emergency department 100% Person responsible 100% Social media 100% Public of urban and rural areas 82%

10 System Structure Railway Financial Civil affairs … … State 31Province 342Prefecture 2379County Land Earthquake Water Heath Firefighting Meteorological Traffic Diploma tic “Horizontal” Inf. Sharing “Horizontal” Inf. Sharing “ Vertical ” A variety of means to outdoors Commission departments and bureaus offices National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System

11 Screenshot of the management platform 11 Main functions: information collection, Processing, transmission, Store, share, control  Information entry  Spatial distribution  Statistic  Data warehouse  Release strategy  System management

12 Screenshot of the SMS release system Unified national early warning number—12379 Main Function : Connected to the 3 major telecom operators of China Group management Statistical monitoring

13 Screenshot of the National warning information website Consist with SMS Number cn (about online)http://www Main Function : 10 channels 3 means of dissemination Web content management Statistic of site traffic

14 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 14 The construction of the system was finished by the end of 2012, it is now under test-running. Have established rapid dissemination mechanism, and the early-warning information coverage rate has achieved above 82%. The public people can receive warning information within 10 minutes. 2.4 Achievement

15 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Presentation Outline 1The Challenge of Alerting in China 2National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System 3CAP Localization 4 Phase II construction 15

16 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration CAP Localization I.Modification II.Innovation III.Extension IV.Explicit definiton V.Enhancement VI.Demonstration

17 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Define different levels of alerting according to Emergency Schemes issued by related authorities. (1) extreme First level(Red): (2) severe Second level(Orange): (3) Moderate Third level(Yellow) (4) Minor Fourth level(Blue): (5) Unknown Unknown 3.1 Modification Typhoon Rainstorm High temperature

18 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Define publishing strategy based on alerting type and severity The publishing methods and objects can be automatically extracted when alert category and severity are confirmed by sender according to preset regulations. 3.2 Innovation

19 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Define the item ’code’ for publishing methods selection. ‘TV|Radio|WEB…’ ‘content of ’ ‘Group 1: duty officers of Meteorology ’ ‘Li Ming, Wang Fang ’ : the coding of publishing methods which includes SMS, LED, loudspeaker, TV, Radio, WEB, Phone and Fax. : the publishing objective group of the selected method. : the publishing objective individual of the selected method. 3.3 Extension

20 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Re-define the item ’Headline’ and automatically generated as +”publish”+ + +”alerting”. eg. CMA publish a red snowstorm alerting. 3.4 Explicit definiton

21 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Geography indication includes both GIS polygons and Chinese- CAP geocodes. 3.5 Enhancement

22 CAP CAP 2 CAP 3CAP 4CAP 5 CAP 1Authorities ManagementPlatform Disseminators TV Broadcast Alert Website Short Message Facsimile Displayscreen TV SMS LCD WEB FAX 3.6 Demonstration

23 CMA-NMC CMA-NMC CMA CMA T17:44: T17:44:00 Actual Actual Alert Alert Public Public en-US en-US natural calamity natural calamity typhoon typhoon Immediate Immediate 1st level 1st level Likely Likely Liming – NMC-CMA Liming – NMC-CMA typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen In Xia Men District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. In Xia Men District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. 1. Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2. Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. 1. Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2. Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. Mr. Luojie, Beijing at Mr. Luojie, Beijing at ……………………………………………… CMApublic a1 st level typhoonalerting. CMA public a 1 st level typhoon alerting. Screen Publishing

24 CMA-NMC CMA-NMC CMA CMA T17:44: T17:44:00 Actual Actual Alert Alert Public Public en-US en-US natural calamity natural calamity typhoon typhoon Immediate Immediate 1st level 1st level Likely Likely Liming – NMC-CMA Liming – NMC-CMA typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. 1. Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2. Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. 1. Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2. Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. Mr. Luojie, CMA at Mr. Luojie, CMA at ……………………………………………… CMApublic a1 st level typhoon alerting. In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. CMA public a 1 st level typhoon alerting. In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. Short Message

25 CMA-NMC CMA-NMC CMA CMA T17:44: T17:44:00 Actual Actual Alert Alert Public Public en-US en-US natural calamity natural calamity typhoon typhoon Immediate Immediate 1st level 1st level Likely Likely Liming – NMC-CMA Liming – NMC-CMA typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. 1. Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2. Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. 1. Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2. Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. Mr. Luojie, CMA at Mr. Luojie, CMA at ……………………………………………… Typhoo will make landfall in Xiamen CMApublic a1 st level typhoon alerting. In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h. CMA public a 1 st level typhoon alerting. In Xiamen District, winds today from the west at 60, gusting to 80. Tonight, west winds at 60 km/h, gusting to 80, then diminishing to 30. On Sunday, winds will be from the west at 30 km/h.Instruction: 1.Suspend all school, bussiness and gathering (except necessary industry) 2.Fishing vessels should seek shelter. 3.Stay away from the shoreline and not to engage in water sports. Contact: Mr. Luojie, CMA at Web Publishing

26 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Presentation Outline 1The Challenge of Alerting in China 2National Emergency Early Warning Alerting System 3Application and Adaption of CAP 4Phase II construction 26

27 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 4.1Target I.Construct 4-level-release system, consists of national, provincial, prefectural and county II.Establish the warning information release mechanism, clarify the release authority , processes and ranges of different levels of warning information III.Integrate the variety of existing dissemination channels IV.Promote the dissemination and receive capacity of rural and pastoral areas, mountainous areas, fishing areas and other remote areas 27

28 ① Mobil Internet- based warning information release system ② VHF digital broadcastin g system ③ Countryside warning dissemination system Full media release terminal Phase Ⅱ construction To key industries ④ Beidou satellite Phase Ⅱ construction To public 4.2 Method for Dissemination Phase Ⅱ construction To public Integration the existing Systems

29 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration 4.3Work to do Existing system has been tested with meteorological, marine and geological disasters. What about other types of hazards? How to integrate other systems’ information? we are considering conversion tools. The new release method need work to be connected with CAP. …… 29

30 中国气象局 中国气象局 China Meteorological Administration Presentation Outline 1The Challenge of Alerting in China 2National Emergency Alerting System 3Application and Adaption of CAP 4 Phase II construction 30

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