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Colin Hunsley Director of Commercialisation 8 th International Symposium IP in Innovative Economy Krakow 2012 © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved.1 Managing the patent risks in technology commercialisation
-Commercialisation Director at ClearViewIP -Licensed range of patents in medical devices and complex electronics field creating royalties of over £100m -Directed litigations against Gambro, J&J, Stryker, Zimmer, Microsoft and Amazon to enforce patents -Council member for LES B&I and past Chairman of the ImechE Medical Engineering Division -Recognised by his appointment to the IAM 300 as one of the World’s leading IP Strategists About © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 2 Founded in 2007, ClearViewIP is an Intellectual Property Consultancy providing a range of services to help companies monitor, expand and better understand their IP portfolio and its position within the industry.
Technology Commercialisation o The Benefits Technology Start Up Companies o Company Lifecycle o Divergence o Google Minimising Risk o Patent Landscapes o Innovation Capture o Patent Acquisitions o IP Health Checks Threats o Litigation Venture Capitalists Summary Contents © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 3
Commercialisation: o License out o License In o Collaborate o Acquisitions o Auctions o Sales Technology Commercialisation © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 4 Benefits: o Raise Capital o Transfer Risks o Apply appropriate skill sets o Brand association
Base technology – 1 or 2 patents Market opportunity – Not always quite as expected Business develops – Are products or services still in scope of patents? – Is anyone waiting to strike? Technology Start Up Company © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 5
Company Lifecycle © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 6
Company products & services Patents Company products & services Patents ‒ With growth, patents may become less well aligned ‒ License / sell original core patents? ‒ Acquisition to realign with new company focus? Company growth over time Divergence © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 7
Google: Patent Filing Timeline © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 8 Start Up Search Company: 800 Patents Developed data capture and scalability: Filed patents on their own developments Advertising becomes core – Google achieves massive growth: IP is aligned Google enters a range of new markets including Telecoms and TV: Patent filing and acquiring $12.5 billion purchase of Motorola for its 17,000 patents and 7,500 patent applications ALSO Buys 1,023 IBM patents to bolster defence of Android 1998 THE FUTURE
Patent Landscaping Innovation Capture Patent Acquisition IP Health Checks Tools to Help © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 9
Understand the competition o Who are the strong/weak innovators? o Who are the new comers? o Who was there first with the broad/fundamental IP? o Who is partnering with who? o Who are the litigators? Understand the technology o Get detailed insight into the state of the art o What are the current/past technology focuses? o What will be the features of tomorrow's products? Patent Landscaping © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 10
Wave energy technology: -Start Up Company -Patented Technology: Wave Energy generation solution Find and assess companies: threat/collaborate? -Citation Analysis -Patent keyword searching – relevant terminology -Clustering and categorisation -Assignee searches Patent Landscaping: Case Study © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 11
Patent Landscaping: Statistics © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 12 Statistical analysis of consolidated searches gives new perspective on target market: o Top patenting companies o Companies without patents o Patent timeline o Top cited patents/companies o New entrants …..
Patent Landscaping: Portfolio Life © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 13 Credit Cards
Patent Landscaping: Patent Uptake © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 14
Best in class internal and partner IP capture and processing Market driven Collaboration between engineers and marketing Filter and focus on strategic direction Innovation Capture © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 15
Develop techniques to find patents Filter patents according to criteria – Litigation ready – Support patents – Room for manoeuvre Probability of purchase – Commercial knowledge – Discreet enquiries Patent Acquisition © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 16
IP Filing versus Acquisition? © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 17 Organic FilingAcquisition Per family Cost (5 countries+) $100k+$50k-$500k Nominal ~$100k Time to useGrant takes 4-7 yearsAcquisition takes 6-15 months Certainty of being core<30%>75% ResourcesIn house R&D with patent attorney support internal or external External service helps retain distance and avoid price creep TrendsTime to grant increasing, costs fairly flat Price rises (100% over last year, starting to settle down now after Nortel / Google frenzy) Litigation readyMaybe after many yearsPart of the research criteria, but may be expensive
Innovation – Do new developments match current business? Is the business still aligned with early patents? Revisit the landscape with focus on where actual business is now Are you still in scope of original patents ? – Are any competitors ? – Do you need to buy ? – Any new threats ? IP Health Checks © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 18
Funding and further funding: o Potentially threatening patent disclosed during public funding round o Effort to demonstrate no threat greater than quick/expensive settlement o Public funding raises the cash All the attack patents appear - ability to pay Expect a lot of attention from ‘Old Guard’ Where do threats come from ? © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 19
Patent Litigations: High Tech vs. Bio Tech © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 20 HIGH TECHBIO TECH Apple6 vs. 117Biomet2 vs. 8 Google8 vs. 52GlaxoSmithKline21 vs. 6 Microsoft13 vs. 152Johnson & Johnson31 vs. 126 Nokia7 vs. 71Roche37 vs. 19 Samsung19 vs. 141Smith and Nephew14 vs. 18 Sony18 vs. 172Zimmer8 vs. 10 Plaintiff vs. Defendant
Understand the: o Product or Service o Technology & Market o COMPANY IP PORTFOLIO & STRATEGY o IP OWNERSHIP o IP LANDSCAPE & FREEDOM TO USE Do they all Stack Up? If we see a strategic weakness, can we see how to fix it? What do VCs ask us to do? © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 21
What do you have to commercialise? Innovation Capture Do you know the risks in commercialising your IP? Patent Landscape How might you defend your Market position? Patent Acquisition Are you regularly monitoring your IP? IP Health Checks Summary © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 22
Colin Hunsley, Commercialisation Director Tel: Contact © ClearViewIP Ltd All rights reserved. 23
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