I Objectives: To strengthen HPAI control & prevention measures, To strengthen HPAI control & prevention measures, To enhance the awareness of risk of HPAI introduction, To enhance the awareness of risk of HPAI introduction, through the following activities: through the following activities: 1)AI virus study in wild birds and domestic animals along migratory flyways. 2)Analyses of characteristics of AI viruses isolated from wild birds and domestic animals. 3)Establishment of a database of isolated AI viruses from wild birds and domestic animals. 4)Tracking of wild birds to monitor their flying routes. Outline of AI surveillance - 1
II. Method: 1. Surveillance; (1) Migratory birds, (2) Domestic animals, along migratory flyways 2. Establishment of a database of AI viruses: 2. Establishment of a database of AI viruses: OIE Reference Laboratory (Hokkaido University) III. Implementation period: 2008-2012 (5-year) Outline of AI surveillance - 2
1.Phase I (JFY 2008-2009): East and Southeast Asian Regions Vietnam Hong Kong Mongolia (to be confirmed) Laos Outline of AI surveillance - 3 IV. Target countries/territories: 2. Phase II (JFY 2010-2011): South Asian Region Mongolia (to be confirmed) 2-3 countries (to be determined) 3.Phase III (JFY 2012): Target countries will be determined considering results of Surveillance in phase I and II.
AI Surveillance on wild birds & domestic animals Wild birds (Migratory birds) 1.Objectives: (1)Tracking of wild birds to monitor their flying routes (2)Study of possession of AI virus in wild birds 2. Activities: (1) Capturing, (2) Identification (3) Marking/Ringing, (4) Sampling (5) Tracking, (6) AI virus study Domestic animals 1. Objectives: Study of possession of AI virus in domestic animals 2. Activities: (1)Sampling from domestic animals (poultry, etc.) (2)AI virus study Establishment of database of isolated AI viruses
Surveillance on Wild Birds - 1 1.Target species: Anseriformes Anatidae Mainly focusing on the following species in Anseriformes Anatidae, considering what kind of on species of wild birds would be found in each target country: Northern Pintail (Anas Acuta) Mallard (Anas Platyrhynchos) Bar-headed Goose (Anser Indicus) Whooper Swan (Cygnus Cygnus), etc. 2. Number of birds to be captured: 100 birds Approximately 100 birds
Surveillance on Wild Birds - 2 3. Marking of captured wild birds: Three kinds of mark will be put on captured birds. Three kinds of mark will be put on captured birds. (1)Transmitter: Five birds (2)Color ring: 100 birds (3)Metal ring: 100 birds 4. Collecting of samples for AI virus study: (1) Three categories of samples will be collected from 100 birds: 1) Cloacal swab, 2) Tracheal swab, 3) Blood (2) Total number of samples: 300 samples (100-bird x 3 categories)
4. Sampling from environment: (1) Samples will be collected from surrounding areas of capturing site of wild birds. (2) Categories and numbers of samples are as follows: Dead birds Dead birds:10 birds 1) Cloacal swab, 2) Tracheal Swab, 3) Tissues Fresh feces of birds: Fresh feces of birds: 10 -20 samples Lake/pond water Lake/pond water: 10 -20 samples Surveillance on Wild Birds - 3
Surveillance on Domestic Animals 1.Target species: 1.Target species: Poultry, etc. 2.Target sites: The following premises which are located within the area of a 30 km radius from capturing site of wild birds: The following premises which are located within the area of a 30 km radius from capturing site of wild birds: Farms/house holds: 10 premises Farms/house holds: 10 premises Live Birds Markets (LBMs): 10 premises Live Birds Markets (LBMs): 10 premises 3. Number of birds to be surveyed: 30 birds per premise 4. Categories of samples: Three Categories: 1) Cloacal swab, 2)Tracheal swab, 3) Blood
Timing & Target species of wild birds There are two options as follows: There are two options as follows: Option-1: In early July 2009 Molting season of Bar-headed Goose (Anser Indicus), Whooper Swan (Cygnus Cygnus), etc. The molting season is the optimum period due to the capturing of wild birds. Option-2: In late August – early September: During the migration period of Northern Pintail (Anas Acuta), Mallard (Anas Platyrhynchos), etc. Not easy to capture wild birds during this periods. Surveillance in Mongolia in 2009
Surveillance of wild birds will be carried out once during 2009 in Mongolia. Timing for surveillance should be determined considering the migration period of appropriate target species, easiness of capturing of wild birds, etc. - Tentative plan - 1.Timing: In early July 2.Target species: Bar-headed Goose (Anser Indicus), Whooper Swan (Cygnus Cygnus), etc. 3. Site (Resting place of birds): Surveillance in Mongolia in 2009
1.Department of Veterinary Service (DVS): (1) Supervision of overall of implementation of surveillance (2) Coordination with related organizations (3) Authorization of capturing/marking of wild birds & sampling from wild birds (4) Procurement of materials and equipment for sampling (5) Authorization of exportation of collected samples (6) Collecting samples from environment, etc. 2.Yamashina Institute for Ornithology (YIO): (1) Capturing of wild birds (2) Marking of wild birds with transmitter, color/metal ring (3) Collecting samples from wild birds 3.Local Ornithologists (Dr Gombobaatar Sundev, National University of Mongolia) (1) Preparation/arrangement/coordination for the implementation of surveillance, (2) Communication with YIO, (3) Technical assistance to YIO Implementing Organizations
Surveillance in Mongolia I. Wild Birds II. Environment 1.Timing: Early July 2009 2. Site: 3. Main target species : 1) Bar-headed Goose (Anser Indicus) 2) Whooper Swan (Cygnus Cygnus) 4. Activities: (1)Capturing: 100 birds (2)Marking : 1) Transmitter: 5 birds 2) Color ring:100 birds 3) Metal ring: 100 birds (3) Sampling (300 samples) Tracheal swab, Cloacal swab, blood1.Timing: Early July 2009 2. Site: 3. Activities: Samples from: (1) Dead birds: 10 birds 1) Tracheal swab, 2) Cloacal swab 3) Tissues (2) Fresh feces of birds: 10-20 (3) Lake/pond water: 10-20 III. Domestic animals Not expected.
28 April 28 April : Dispatch of AI study mission to Mongolia 13-14 May 13-14 May : 2 nd OIE regional Expert Group Meeting 15 May 15 May : Technical Meeting in Hokkaido University Early June Early June : Exchange of Terms of References (TOR) Early July Early July : Implementation of AI Surveillance (10-14 days) August : August : Exportation of collected samples to Hokkaido University August - : August - : AI virus studies in Hokkaido University Tentative Schedule (2009)
1.Confirmation of cooperation & support from Veterinary Authority of Mongolia 1.Confirmation of cooperation & support from Veterinary Authority of Mongolia (Department of Veterinary Service; DVS) 2. Establishment of Framework for implementation of surveillance between OIE and DVS: 3. Exchange of Terms of Reference (TOR): The Framework should be confirmed through exchange of TOR between OIE and DVS. Steps to be taken
4.Technical coordination and arrangement between YIO and local Ornithologists: In line with the Framework established between OIE and DVS, YIO and local Ornithologists will determine the following points; 1) Timing, 2) Duration, 3) Sites, 4) Target species, 5) Methods for capturing, 6) Preparation of equipment and materials, 7) Logistics, etc. 5. Implementation Plan for surveillance: OIE and DSV will confirm the Implementation Plan considering the results of technical coordination between YIO and local Ornithologist. 6. Implementation of surveillance Steps to be taken