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Icipe’s approach to value chain development in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Presentation on theme: "Icipe’s approach to value chain development in sub-Saharan Africa."— Presentation transcript:

1 icipe’s approach to value chain development in sub-Saharan Africa

2 A centre of excellence in Africa — for research and capacity building in insect science and its applications An intergovernmental organization — charter signed by 12 countries worldwide General Facts 280 staff total, 35 PhD scientists, visiting scientists and postdocs, 50–70 MSc, PhD students in residence An organization with a unique history — 37 years old, genesis in Africa, for Africa, but pan-tropical mandate

3 General Facts Africa-focused - Current activities in 24 African countries Collaborative work in Middle East, South America, Asia International HQ in Nairobi Several field stations across Kenya & in Port Sudan, country office in Ethiopia (Rwanda and DRC in ‘07)

4 4H paradigm R&D on human, animal, plant & environmental health Common denominator insects / arthropods General Facts

5 icipe & value chain development Provision of public goods that contribute to value chains, e.g. biological control of a cabbage pest that improves production & enhances marketing potential

6 Development of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Biological Control Strategies - Reduce agro-pesticide inputs - Improve food security, nutrition, food safety and farmers’ income - Enhance environmental sustainability icipe & value chain development

7 Support to value chain development through e.g. training Examples: (i) Enabling small-holder farmers to meet export production standards (EurepGAP) (ii) Facilitating creation of regional certification body (AfriCert Ltd.) (iii) Economic impact assessment of BC & production standards

8 icipe & value chain development Value chain development for niche markets Goals: - Poverty alleviation - Employment creation - Biodiversity & ecosystem conservation

9 Niche market value chains Make him / her benefit from biodiversity! Communities adjacent to biodiversity hotspots like Arabuko-Sokoke forest in Coastal Kenya farm wild butterflies for export to the UK & US How to convince a resource poor not too slash a tree?

10 Butterfly farmers Group representatives Kipepeo UK/US distributors Collection Centers $0.57 / pupae Locations Taita, Arabuko, Shimba Butterfly farming $0.64/ pupae 1.43 $/ pupae 2.14 $/ pupae icipe initial facilitation, farmer training, identification of markets Butterfly exhibitors - 15-20 $/ entrance fee per person KWS export permit < 3 days transport DHL & FedEx < 1 day

11 Honey, or the sweet tooth of biodiversity conservation! Community apiculture

12 Honey bees: products and services Marketplaces Extraction Processing Packaging Retail food stores/ traders Collection centers Grading Bulking Consumer Pollination / ecosystem services Increased cashew yields (20–30%) $ 2.57/kg $ 4.28/kg $ 6.40/kg Beekeepers Kenya: Mwingi, Arabuko Sokoke, West Pokot, Kakamega Uganda: Hoima Southern Sudan: Maridi icipe initial facilitation, farmer & NARS training, identification of markets, quality control & facilitating certification

13 Conclusions - icipe focus on value chains that are pro-poor and contribute to biodiversity & ecosystem conservation - Diversification crucial for developing economies, i.e. a good mix of mass & niche markets, the latter often providing higher returns (e.g. honey & coffee) - Ameliorating the economic environment: (i) improve infrastructure, (ii) invest in human capital (iii) assure transparency and (iv) don’t forget the environment!

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