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Human Trafficking from Latin America and the Caribbean to Western Europe -- Victim Estimates Monday, October 25, 2004 IOM Conference Santo Domingo, Dominican.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Trafficking from Latin America and the Caribbean to Western Europe -- Victim Estimates Monday, October 25, 2004 IOM Conference Santo Domingo, Dominican."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Trafficking from Latin America and the Caribbean to Western Europe -- Victim Estimates Monday, October 25, 2004 IOM Conference Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

2 Organization of American States  Organización de los Estados Americanos

3 OAS Anti-TIP Coordinator Priorities OAS Anti-TIP Coordinator Priorities 1. Foster National Action by Governments 2. Advance Effective Best Practices 3. Help Implement OAS Projects and Training 4. Improve Cooperation with Governments outside the Western Hemisphere user oas:

4 Survey of Information on Latin American and Caribbean TIP Victims in certain European countries: SwitzerlandAustria Germany The Netherlands Italy France user oas:

5 Switzerland Swiss Government TIP Data: VictimsAccused Traffickers

6 Switzerland Swiss NGO Data on Latin American Victims: 21 victims (26% of its victims were from Latin America) NGO and press reports indicate a strong presence form Brazil, Colombia and Dominican Republic user oas:

7 Switzerland

8 Switzerland Swiss Government’s Estimates of TIP Victims: The 2002 Swiss Federal Report on crime estimates that 1,500 to 3,000 illegal foreign prostitutes could be victims of TIP. The 2001 estimate was 2,200 to 3,700.

9 Switzerland Persons Vulnerable to TIP: Police estimate 14,000 Women in Prostitution NGO Estimated Number of Foreign Women in Prostitution: 2, ,000 Estimated Number of Latin Women in Prostitution: ,000 (Note: No clear data on Forced Labor) user oas:

10 Switzerland Legal Residents from Latin America Brazilians -- 10,272 (7,465 women, 73%) Colombians -- 3,610 (2,336 women, 65%) Dominicans -- 5,257 (3,705 women, 70%) Latin American and Caribbean Totals: 36,587 (23,438 women, 64%) user oas:

11 Switzerland Swiss Government Issues “Artist” Visas: 1,800 women had artist visas (year 2001) Brazilians (115) and Dominicans (212) were among the leading holders of these visas

12 Austria Austrian Government Data on TIP Victims and Traffickers: (233 women) victims identified Traffickers arrested Traffickers arrested user oas:

13 Austria Austrian NGO TIP Data related to the LAC Region: assisted 415 women, many from DR, Venezuela, Chile assisted 208 women assisted 183 women

14 Austria Persons Vulnerable to TIP: Estimated Number of Foreign Women in Prostitution: 5,000 to 17,000 Estimated Number of Latin American or Caribbean Women in Prostitution: 500 to 2,000 (Note: No data on Forced Labor) user oas:

15 Austria Austrian Government Issues “Artist” Visas In 2002, the government issued 919 artist visas. It is unknown how many were issued to LAC nationals.

16 Austria Legal Migration Data: DR Brazil Colombia user oas:

17 Austria Official Legal residents: Brazil -- 1,409 Dominican Republic -- 1,293 user oas:

18 Germany German Government TIP Data related to the LAC Region: victims (5 traffickers) victims (3 traffickers) victims (4 traffickers) victims (5 traffickers) user oas:

19 Germany German NGOs TIP Data related to the LAC Region: In Victims (Official Victims 8) In Victims (Official Victims 16) In Victims (Official Victims 24) user oas:

20 Germany Persons Vulnerable to TIP Estimated Number of Foreign Women in Prostitution:30, ,000 Estimated Number of Latin American Women in Prostitution:3, ,000 (Note: No clear data on Forced Labor) user oas:

21 Germany

22 Germany Legal Residents from Latin America: Brazilians -- 25,844 (18,869 women, 73%) Argentines -- 6,543 (3,560 women, 55%) Colombians -- 7,964 user oas:

23 The Netherlands Dutch Government TIP Data related to the LAC Region: 1995: 19 victims (12% of total victims) 1996: 5 victims (4%) 1997: 10 victims (6%) 1998: 6 victims (24%) 1999: 11 victims (15%) 2000: 7 victims (2%) 2001: 3 victims (1%) user oas:

24 The Netherlands Dutch Government’s Estimates of TIP Victims: The Bureau of the Dutch National Rapporteur on Human Trafficking estimates that each year 3,500 women become victims of trafficking in the Netherlands. user oas:

25 The Netherlands Residency Status Granted to Foreign TIP Victims from Latin American and Caribbean ( ): 14 Applications (2% of total) 10 Granted ( 2% of total)  At least 30 Latin Americans labor TIP victims are being rehabilitated in an NGO user oas:

26 The Netherlands Persons Vulnerable to TIP: NGO Estimated Number of Foreign Women in Prostitution: 13, ,000 Estimated Number of Latin and Caribbean Women in Prostitution: 1, ,000 user oas:

27 Italy Italian Government TIP Data on Victims from Latin America: Colombians: 124 (mainly working as prostitutes on the streets) 2.1% of all victims of year user oas:

28 Italy Persons Vulnerable to TIP Estimated Number of Foreign Women in Prostitution:15, ,000 Estimated Number of Latin American Women in Prostitution: ?? (Note: No clear data on Forced Labor) user oas:

29 Italy Persons Vulnerable to TIP: Repatriations and Denied Entries (Jan. - Oct. 2003): South American 2,265 Ecuador 649 Brazil 573 Colombia 425 Peru 211 Bolivia 158 Venezuela 86 user oas:

30 Italy Persons Vulnerable to TIP: Repatriations and Denied Entries (Jan. - Oct. 2003): Caribbean and Central America 274 Dominican Republic 133 Cuba 74 Jamaica 14 Others 53 user oas:

31 France French Government TIP Data: 2003: 900 Victims TIP Arrests: 2000: 472 Traffickers 2001: 466 Traffickers 2002: 643 Traffickers 2003: 709 Traffickers user oas:

32 France French Government TIP Data related to the LAC Region (year 2003): 26 Total Victims (21 women; 5 men; 2.2% of all) Brazil 9Ecuador 6 Colombia 2 Peru 2 Venezuela 3 Argentina 1 Chile 1Guyana 1 Cuba 1 user oas:

33 Conclusions and Observations Conclusions and Observations  Latin Americans and Caribbean constitute a significant minority of TIP victims in Western Europe and with steady migration this is likely to continue.  Most victims come from:  Brazil  Colombia  Dominican Republic  Growing numbers come from Ecuador and Peru.  Many European governments admit a significant number of victims remain unidentified. user oas:

34 Conclusions and Observations Conclusions and Observations  High number of traffickers arrested to victims found.  Complicated residency and employment laws in most European countries mean most LAC women in prostitution are working illegally and vulnerable.  So-called “Artist” visas often create TIP vulnerability. user oas:

35 Conclusions and Observations European institutions -- the EU, the OSCE and national governments -- are focused mainly on TIP from Eastern European source countries. The LAC region needs to work with the Europeans to improve anti-TIP information exchange and find more opportunities for partnership. user oas:

36 Thank you for your attention. user oas:


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