Presentation on theme: "KENYA’S NATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF PREVENTION AND PROTECTION AND AWARENESS RAISING AS TOOLS IN ANTI- TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS. EAC Headquarters (Arusha,"— Presentation transcript:
KENYA’S NATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF PREVENTION AND PROTECTION AND AWARENESS RAISING AS TOOLS IN ANTI- TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS. EAC Headquarters (Arusha, Tanzania) May 2011
National Taskforce on TIP The coordinated response to trafficking in Kenya began in 2007 with the establishment of a National Task Force for the Development of the National Plan of Action on Counter Trafficking. a national forum for co-ordination was developed and a comprehensive national strategic framework elaborated for anti-trafficking efforts. This framework was in the form of Kenya’s National Plan of Action (NPA) for Combating Human Trafficking whose thematic focus on was on prevention, awareness raising, victim protection, legislative reform, law enforcement co-operation, training and exchange of information.
National Steering Committee Members of the NSC; government line ministries, international Organizations, Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), and Faith Based Organizations (FBOs). The National Taskforce gave birth to the National Steering Committee on Counter Trafficking (NSC) which is chaired by the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Gender Children, and Social Development and is responsible for coordinating counter trafficking efforts in Kenya and implementation of the NPA. Efforts are underway for the NSC to transition into the Advisory Committee in the Counter Trafficking in Persons Act, 2010.
avenue for sharing information, creating awareness among stakeholders on issues related to Trafficking in Persons promoting coordination efforts in programmatic activities on counter trafficking. raising the profile of human trafficking issues in public and policy circles Functions of the NSC
Kenya’s National Plan of Action for Combating Human trafficking It was envisioned that the National Plan of Action would promote co-operation between different stakeholders from all sectors in Kenya involved in anti-trafficking work and lay the groundwork for closer co-operation with other countries in the region and beyond. In the implementation of the plan of action, stakeholders were tasked to establish a functional national network that will make it possible to co- ordinate the various efforts and resources even after the plan period is over.
Overview of the prevention interventions as outlined in the National Plan of Action Strategic Priority 1: Awareness Creation Activity A: Conduct public information campaigns on human trafficking (information to include descriptions of human trafficking, ways of protecting self, contact details for additional information etc) Government is collaborating and linking with other stakeholders in an effort to combat TIP through the implementation of the NPA. The Government through line ministries have raised awareness in various fora Organizations involved in trafficking in persons awareness creation include IOM, UNICEF, CRADLE, SOLWODI, and ANPCANN. National campaign on stop violence against children. Child participation through drama and music festivals.
Activity B: Conduct community level awareness raising events IOM has conducted a number of community awareness raising events in Nairobi, Mombasa, Malindi, Eldoret, Garissa, Kiambu and Naivasha and has also distributed IEC materials among the refugees in Dadaab camp through its sub office. Additionally, IOM has collaborated on a number of occasions with UNICEF, ILO, the Department of Children’s Services and SOLWODI to create awareness on TiP matters during celebrations that marked the Day of the African Child and World Day Against Child Labour. Other organizations such as ANPCANN have developed TiP materials to create awareness at the border communities in Moyale, Busia and Loitoktok. The CRADLE has also developed IEC materials targeting children and these have been distributed during workshops in various districts around the country, including Suba, Mombasa, Kwale, Malindi and Taita Districts. The CRADLE also uses football matches, children clubs and para-legal trainings to reach out to the community on various issues among them child trafficking. These messages have had a preventive focus as well as serving to inform people on the risks associated with trafficking of human beings.
Activity C: National awareness raising campaign targeting children and youth Activity D: Specialized outreach campaigns for vulnerable groups Activity E: Train members of the media on investigation and reporting of human trafficking stories in a sensitive and responsible manner to promote and foster dialogue. Explore to develop a code of conduct for the media. Activity F: Conduct awareness raising initiatives and develop codes of practice targeting business operators and service industries. International Code of Conduct is signed by hoteliers to help protect and prevent children from sex tourism. Vetted and approved employment agencies are provided in the Ministry of Labour Website. Activity G: Conduct awareness raising initiatives targeting Faith Based Organizations and religious leaders.
Strategic Priority 2: Reduction of Vulnerability Activity A: Socio-economic empowerment in identified source communities (household programming and skills development programming) Activity B: Enhanced School retention rates in source communities Activity C: Promotion of safe and regular migration among potential labour migrants and general public.
Long Term interventions to address the root causes of trafficking Through the wider country approach on poverty alleviation under the Agenda Four reforms of the National Accord, the Government has implemented initiatives aimed at youth employment and empowerment; The coming into operation of the National Youth Council Act which provides for the establishment of a youth council to empower young people by coordinating youth empowerment activities and mobilize resources to support and fund youth programs. The youth enterprise development Fund (YEDF) launched new products for young entrepreneurs. The kazi kwa vijana (KKV) Programme operationalized. US $60M provided by the World Bank to sustain the programme in the next 4 years. Youth Empowerment Summit held to identify barriers to youth employment and made actionable commitments to implementing solutions to youth empowerment in the country. Operationalization of Vision 2030 which prioritizes programmes aimed at maximizing on job creation. Youth polytechnics revitalized with new budget allocations Regional centers of excellence being developed at constituency levels.
Counter Trafficking in Persons Act, 2010 The recently passed Counter- Trafficking in Persons Act in Kenya has provided a new impetus for anti-trafficking efforts in Kenya. The Act encapsulates state obligations in accordance with international human rights law, including the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2000). The Act stipulates various obligations on the Government in the area of prevention. Among other things, Section 20(1) casts responsibility on the Government to; formulate of a comprehensive and integrated program to prevent and suppress the trafficking in persons; coordinate policies and programs of the agencies to effectively address the issues and problems attendant to trafficking in persons; coordinate of the dissemination of information on the law and the issues relating to trafficking through concerned agencies and non- governmental organizations; establish mechanisms to screen persons entering or leaving Kenya to determine if they are victims of trafficking in persons; conduct public information campaigns against trafficking in persons establish and support community based initiatives that address trafficking in persons implement effective pre-employment orientation seminars and pre- departure counselling programs to applicants for overseas employment.
Challenges in Prevention & Awareness Raising within the NPA framework The NPA lacks elaborate timetables, budgets and a clear division of tasks and responsibilities, especially in relation to prevention activities; o Tasks assigned to individual institutions/organizations are to financed within the budgets at their disposal. It is encouraged that concerned Ministries should factor in their expenditure a budget on counter trafficking activities. Lack of framework for monitoring and evaluation. Child participation in combating TIP is minimal Poor network and collaboration within and out of the country with other stakeholders
Implementation framework for the CTIP Act to be put in place. Review of the NPA Monitoring and evaluation of the NPA Strengthen network and collaboration within and out of the country with other stakeholders. Fundraising to fund activities under the NPA Enhance child and community participation in prevention and awareness raising initiatives. Way forward…