Presentation on theme: "Climate Change and Sustainable Industrial Development - An ASSOCHAM Perspective By Dinesh T. Parekh ASSOCHAM."— Presentation transcript:
Climate Change and Sustainable Industrial Development - An ASSOCHAM Perspective By Dinesh T. Parekh ASSOCHAM
As a representative organ of corporate India, ASSOCHAM articulates the genuine, legitimate needs and interests of members. The mission is to impact the policy and legislative environment so as to foster balanced economic, industrial and social development. ASSOCHAM believes education, health and environment to be the critical success factors.
aTo ensure the voice and concerns of ASSOCHAM are heeded by policy makers and legislators. aTo be proactive on policy initiatives that are in consonance with our mission aTo engage in the network of relationships at national and international levels/fora aTo develop a learning organisation sensitive to the development needs and concerns of its members aTo broadbase membership
Established in 1920, the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India is the oldest apex chamber of commerce and industry in India. ASSOCHAM is promoted by the following six promoter chambers, representing all regions of India: Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Kolkata Bombay Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Mumbai Cochin chamber of Commerce and Industry, Cochin Indian Merchants’ Chamber, Mumbai Madras Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Chennai PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi
Seminars / workshop / training programmes on ISO Advanced EMS Auditing Course Internal Auditing of EMS Environment Legislation Deployment of Environmental Policy Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization Hazardous Waste Management Environment Impact Assessment Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental Benchmarking Green Supply Chain Management Process Safety Management Environment Performance Evaluation
Changing Facets of Environment
The way we plunder the natural world reveals more than environmental blindness. The scars we leave on the land betray a wider addiction to conquest and domination; a constant, casual recourse to hypocrisy and denial. We benefit from the machinery of plunder, but are ultimately trapped by it. No wonder that in the end even our own captive, domesticated landscape reproaches us…. David Stock
A disaster waiting to happen in Himalayas - The earth’s ice cover is melting in several places, including the Himalayas, at higher rates since record-keeping began and the glacier-fed rivers of north India would first swell and then shrink to dangerously low levels…. Times of India, 8th March 2000
Rapid industrial growth during the last century with scant attention to its adverse effect on environment has caused serious anxiety. This has led to a new paradigm of sustainable development where economic development has to be accompanied by a careful concern for impact on environment with a view to preserve the planet for the posterity.
World resources are exhausting day by day and are threatened to be far too inadequate for sustaining the growing world population.
A CENTURY THAT CHANGED THE WORLD Change between 1890 (=1) and 1990s Industrial output40 Marine fish catch35 Carbon dioxide emissions17 Energy use16 World economy14 World urban population13 Coal production 7 Air pollution 5 Irrigated area 5 World population 4 Horse population 1.1 Bird and mammal species 0.99 Forest area 0.8 Blue-whale population * Source “Something New Under the Sun” by John McNeill
Year Growth of Carbon Dioxide Emissions Global Emissions, 1990 = 100%
Earth’s average temperature fluctuation over the last years During last one century Estimated rise in next 100 years If no change in present trend of GHG emission If present trend is restricted A large rise in GHG emission About 1°C 0.3°C to 0.6 °C 1.5°C to 3 °C 0.3°C rise per decade 0.06°C rise per decade 0.8°C rise per decade UNEP Estimated Temperature Rise Due to GHG Emissions
Tremendous increase in industrial activities during past few decades. Release of obnoxious industrial wastes into environment. Population explosion. Growth of vehicle population. Quality of industrial and vehicular fuel. Deforestation. Lack of awareness. Regional industrial and economic imbalance. Release of chemical substances. FACTORS RESPONSIBLE
people in Bangladesh live in areas 17% of Bangladesh area Developing countries Small island states - Just 1 m above sea level - Likely to be submerged by Twice as vulnerable as developed countries - Thrice as vulnerable as developed countries. Vulnerability of Nations
Climate Change: Temperature, precipitation, and weather Mediating ProcessHealth Outcomes DIRECT Exposure to thermal extremes (especially heat waves) Altered frequency and/or intensity of other extreme weather events (floods, storms, etc.) Altered rates of heat and cold-related illness and death (especially cardiovascular and respiratory diseases) Death, injuries, and psychological disorders; damage to public health infrastructure WAYS IN WHICH CLIMATE CHANGE IS LIKELY TO AFFECT HUMAN HEALTH. FROM WATSON ET AL. (1996) Contd.
Climate Change: Temperature, precipitation, and weather Mediating ProcessHealth Outcomes INDIRECT Disturbances of Ecological systems Effects on range and activity of vectors and infective parasites Altered local ecology of water-borne and food-borne infective agents Altered food (especially crop) productivity due to changes in climate, weather events, and associated pests and diseases Changes in geographic ranges and incidence of vector-borne diseases Changed incidence of diarrhea and certain other infectious diseases Regional malnutrition and hunger, and consequent impairment of child growth and development Contd.
Climate Change: Temperature, precipitation, and weather Mediating ProcessHealth Outcomes INDIRECT (Contd.) Sea-level rise, with population displacement and damage to infrastructure (e.g. sanitation) Social, economic, and demographic dislocations due to adverse climate change impacts on economy, and resource supply Injuries, increased risks of various infectious disease (due to migration, crowding, contamination of drinking water), psychological disorder Asthma and allergic disorders; other acute and chronic respiratory disorders and deaths Levels and biological impacts of air pollution, including pollens and spores Wide range of public health consequences (e.g., mental health, nutritional impairment, infectious diseases, civil strife)
Impact on Human Society Water Sources-Winter floods and summer droughts, changes in river flows. Food & Agriculture -Changes in yields, seasons for farming and cultivable land, forestry and fisheries
Impact on Human Society Coastal Dwellers-Coastal flooding, submerging of small island nations. Human Settlement and Health -Effect on infrastructure, increase and changes in disease patterns.
Impact on Natural Environment Hydrological Cycle -Changes in rainy seasons, rainfalls and soil moisture. Eco-systems and vegetation -Changes in vegetation zones and species mix, reduction in bio-diversity. (Some 300 species are getting extinct every year).
Impact on Natural Environment Ice and Snow-Changes in ice-covered areas and melting of permafrost. Oceans and Coasts - Changes in winds and ocean currents, tropical storms and damaged coastal eco-systems, sea- level rise.
Global Environmental Concerns
ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTERS DURING LAST CENTURY §1944 Los Angeles Smog Episode §1950 Poza Rica Air Pollution §1952 London Smog Episode §1953 Minamata Mercury Poisoning Episode §1984 Bhopal Gas Tragedy §1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster. §Smog over SE Asia (Asian Brown Haze)
GLOBAL CONCERNS §Environment Summit at Stockholm in 1972 ( 5th to 10 th June) §Rio de Janerio in 1992 §Kyoto Summit in 1997 §Johannesburg Summit in 2002 §COPs by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 8th Conference at Delhi Oct 23 to Nov 1,2002
Key issues debated at Johannesburg *How to create and distribute wealth without destroying the natural capital? *How to preserve the environment? and *How to develop an efficient and equitable economic system
CLIMATE CHANGE AND INDUSTRY: AN INDIAN CONTEXT
ECONOMIC SOCIALENVIRONMENTAL Intergenerational equity Popular participation Poverty Consultation/Empowerment Culture/Heritage Bio-diversity/Resilience Natural Resources Population Efficiency Growth Stability Intragenerational equity Targeted relief/employment Valuation Internalization Elements of Sustainable Development
Opportunities & Challenges before the Indian Industry éIndia has the option of creating an efficient development model, which should be sustainable without undue exhaustion of natural capital. éIndia has abundant resources in the form of human resources and bio-reserves. éIndia is facing the challenge of creating an efficient system.
Concept of MINAS MINAS envisages treatment of all wastes to certain minimum standards regardless of the type of waste waters and locations. This model is effective in halting the obvious pollution immediately and envisages a steady progress in meeting the water quality objectives. It also provides a fair degree of flexibility to the Regulatory Authority for Control of Water Pollution.
MINAS The minimum treatment to be provided in any waste waters aims at the removal of the following pollutants: ípathogens by effective disinfection ítoxic substances ícolloidal and dissolved organic solids ímineral oils íadjustment of pH
ASSOCHAM, a member of ICC, is a firm believer and practitioner of Agenda 21 and obtaining significant results in: Customer Satisfaction More Business Ultimately Less Cost of the product
ýSome enterprises are implementing “responsible care” and product stewardship policies and programmes, fostering openness and dialogue with employees and the public and carrying out environmental audits and assessments of compliance. Steps taken by ASSOCHAM members for a sustainable industrial development
ýDischarge wastes that have adverse impact on human and the environment is being replaced with technologies, good engineering and management practices throughout the product life cycle. ýThe concept of cleaner production helps in optimizing efficiencies at every stages of the product life cycle. Steps taken by ASSOCHAM members for a sustainable industrial development
ISO is making Indian industry Environment Friendly Environment Management ISO Environmental Management System Environmental Performance Evaluation Environmental Auditing Life - Cycle Assessment Environmental Labelling Environmental Aspects in Product Standards Organization EvaluationProduct Evaluation
State-of-the-art industrial effluent treatment plant Zero discharge capability Dry disposal of fly ash - used in building, ash bricks, road construction, Replacement from –old rotary clean to fuel efficient gas suspension calciners –Stoker fired boilers to fuel efficient high capacity, PF and FBC boilers Salient achievements of ASSOCHAM members
Co-generation Environment Management Energy conservation Re-habilitation and resettlement activities Energy auditing to cut down wasteful use of energy Total quality management Social responsibility (SA 8000) Salient achievements of ASSOCHAM members
Good engineering practices and better housekeeping Reuse and recycling of waste Catalytic oxidation and reduction Using of pure raw material Waste compatibility Salient achievements of ASSOCHAM members