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African Union Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources Open Day of the ACP Secretariat Department of Sustainable Economic development and.

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Presentation on theme: "African Union Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources Open Day of the ACP Secretariat Department of Sustainable Economic development and."— Presentation transcript:

1 African Union Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources Open Day of the ACP Secretariat Department of Sustainable Economic development and Trade Brussels. 11 Oct 2011

2 1951 Interafrican Bureau of Epizootic Diseases (IBED) aimed at rinderpest eradication 1956 Interafrican Bureau for Animal Health (IBAH) transformed to widen the scope 1965 Part of OAU integrated as a regional technical office 1970 Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (IBAR) to reflect the expansion into livestock production issues AU-IBAR has been specialized technical office of the AUC-DREA from 2003 History of AU-IBAR

3 What is AU-IBAR doing? – integrated advisory services, coordination, information sharing and policy guidance For whom? – AU Member States (incl. 47 ACP) and RECs To achieve which goal? – to enhance the contribution of animal resources to economic growth and food and nutrition security and poverty reduction on the continent. About AU-IBAR

4 Teamwork Respect for diversity Be transformational Transparency Accountability Integrity. AU-IBAR Core values

5 Vision : An Africa in which animal resources contribute significantly to the reduction of poverty and hunger. Mission : To provide leadership in the development of animal resources for Africa through supporting and empowering AU Member States and Regional Economic Communities Mandate : To support and coordinate the utilization of animals (livestock, fisheries and wildlife) as a resource for human wellbeing in the Member States, and to contribute to economic development, particularly in rural areas Vision / Mission / Mandate

6 IBAR Strategic Programs (1/2) 1.Reducing the impact of trans-boundary animal diseases and zoonoses on livelihoods and public health in Africa (TADs and Zoonosis) 2.Enhancing Africa’s capacity to conserve and sustainably use its animal resources and their resource base (Natural Resources Management) 3.Improving investment opportunities in, and competitiveness of animal resources in Africa (Investment and Competitiveness)

7 4.Promoting development of standards and regulations and facilitation of compliance (Standards and Regulations) 5.Facilitating development of policies and institutional capacities for improved utilization of animal resources in Africa (Policies and Capacity Building) 6.Improving knowledge management in animal resources to facilitate informed and timely decision-making (Knowledge Management) IBAR Strategic Programs (2/2)

8 Core functions (1/2) Provide technical leadership and advisory services to RECs and Member States Facilitate development and harmonisation of policies, guidelines and other decision-support tools. Coordination of animal resources development matters in Africa Facilitate articulation of common African positions on aspects of animal resources in global processes

9 Core functions (2/2) Play advocacy role on issues relevant for Africa, including the mobilization of public and private sector investment in animal resources development, trade and marketing Collate, analyse and disseminate data and information on animal resources. Provide strategic support to countries in emergency situations, and facilitate countries with special needs to maintain core animal resources functions.

10 AU-IBAR / EU / ACP Secretariat partnership Long history of partnership with EU on Rinderpest eradication started in1960s. €247 M in total EU by far main financial partner of AU-IBAR AU-IBAR benefits from EDF, FSTP, Food facility… 4 pillar assessment recently completed. Panafrican programmes are implemented under EU – ACP Secretariat agreements ACP Secretariat participates in governance of these projects

11 PROJECTS (1/2) Animal Health Avian and Human Influenza emergency and preparedness programmes (SPINAP) Support to good governance of veterinary services (Vet Gov – about to start preparation) Standards and certification Support to participation of African Nations in the process of international standard setting (PAN-SPSO) Improve animal health certification (SOLICEP) Environment and Climate Change Mitigating effects of droughts and climate change in pastoral areas (Livestock for Livelihood project)

12 Other Functions Lead Institution for Livestock in CAADP Host and Manage the ALive Secretariat Host and Manage the SPFIF secretariat Host and Manage the ISCTRC secretariat Focal institution for the UNCCD TPN3 on Range and Fodder management

13 THEMATIC STRATEGIC PRIORITIES for future IBAR projects/activities in the next 5 years SPS: build on PAN-SPSO achievements, concentrate on participation to standard setting process FMD: Continental roadmap in place, need to be implemented PPR: Build on Rinderpest achievements Climate Change: new area of expertise for IBAR (4 years background), strong comparative advantage on cross-border related issues One Health: Integrated Regional Coordination Mechanisms (IRCM) for Control of TADs. Assessment soon completed. Implementation to follow… Genetic resources: Need for harmonization of genetic resources management policies. AU-IBAR best placed to play this role Fisheries and aquaculture: Need to develop a continental framework to enhance governance in the sector

14 AU-IBAR AND CLIMATE CHANGE Global warming is a reality. It is predicted that by 2050, hotter conditions, coupled with shifting rainfall patterns, could render up to one million square kilometers of marginal African farmland unable to support even subsistence crop farming. Boosting livestock production could thus be an attractive alternative for millions of poor farmers. Differential climate change impacts across the continent present a new challenge requiring innovation: in some cases new varieties of crops and breeds of livestock (or even new species of crops and animals) may be needed, especially those that are more tolerant of drier conditions; in others the increasingly harsh agro-ecological conditions may demand alternative economic activities. Over the next few decades, climate vulnerability coupled with growing market demand for animal products will most likely prompt many farming communities to add more livestock to their agriculture systems.

15 AU-IBAR AND CLIMATE CHANGE Challenges How to improve understanding of the complex issues of natural resources management in livestock systems, as well as in marine and inland fishing, to provide critical information to stakeholders and guide programming. How to reduce pressures on and facilitate programs to support sustainable use (including economic valuation and conservation) of Africa’s livestock, fish (marine and inland) and wildlife resources and the resource base they depend on. How to analyse and catalyse the development of coherent and compatible policies across sectors and countries on animal resources and their resource base. How to identify, analyse and avail best practices to strengthen the capacities of Member States, RECs and other stakeholders to improve their ability to cope with and mitigate the adverse effects of environmental variability (including climate change) and associated conflicts, especially on vulnerable groups.

16 AU-IBAR AND CLIMATE CHANGE Opportunities and Strategic intervention Continental strategy and implementation framework for conservation and use of Africa’s farm animal genetic resources. Continental framework for sustainable management of fisheries. Sustainable management of natural resources at the wildlife-livestock-human interface, including issues of access to grazing land and water resources. Collection, analysis, archiving and sharing of information on Africa’s livestock and fish genetic resources including data/information on livestock’s contribution to climate change, as well as its impact on animal production, to inform policy making and public education. Development or identification and sharing of best practices for, and enhancement of, capacities in early warning and emergency preparedness and response to climate change, especially in pastoral areas. Identification and facilitation of avenues for exploitation of opportunities for African livestock keepers to benefit from payments for ecological services; e.g. through ecotourism, rehabilitation of degraded lands, controlled grazing, biodiversity and landscape conservation as these instruments become available

17 ABBREVIATIONS USED AU: African Union MS: Member States RECs: Regional Economic Communities SPS: sanitary and phytosanitary AR: Animal resources CAADP: Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme TADs: Transboundary Animal Diseases FMD: Foot and Mouth Disease PPR: peste des petits ruminants SPFIF: Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Fisheries Investment Fund ISCTRC: International Scientific Council for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control UNCCD - TPNs: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification - Thematic Programme Networks

18 Thank You AU-IBAR: Providing leadership in the development of animal resources for Africa

19 SPINAP-AHI Support Programme to Integrated national action Plans for Avian & human Influenza Objective: Strengthen national capacities to prevent and control avian and human influenza 47 African ACP countries € 25.7 M - May 2007 – December 2010 Achievements: – Collaboration between Human & Animal Health enhanced – Disease surveillance capacities, systems and infrastructures strengthened – Awareness created and communication strategies developped – Development of emergency plans – Integrated Regional Coordination Mechanisms initiated.

20 PAN-SPSO Participation of African Nations to Sanitary and phytosanitary Standard Setting Organizations 9 th EDF. € 3.855 M - 2008 to 2011 – 47 ACP countries Objective : facilitate effective participation of African Countries in the activities of the OIE, IPPC and CAC during the formulation of international SPS standards First project implementing through the RECs Activities/achievements: – Common position of African countries in Standard Setting Process – Capacities of African countries and mechanisms for participation strengthened – Inter-sectoral (PPP) coordination mechanisms (SPS Committees) established in 32 ACP countries – SPS related data and information acquired and disseminated (incl. experts database)

21 VETERINARY GOVERNANCE PROJECT Next AU-IBAR major panafrican programme 10 th EDF. € 30 M. 5 years In partnership with OIE and FAO Implemented through RECs. All African ACP countries beneficiaries Supports institutional change (policy, strategy, legislation) in the animal health sector: – Knowledge and awareness for institutional change – Institutional capacities for policy, strategy and legislation formulation/review – Institutional capacities for implementation of policies and enforcement of regulations

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