Presentation on theme: "Science-industry Links and IPR Mechanisms: evidence for 4 Latin American Countries Seminario Internacional sobre el uso Estratégico de la Propiedad Intelectual."— Presentation transcript:
Science-industry Links and IPR Mechanisms: evidence for 4 Latin American Countries Seminario Internacional sobre el uso Estratégico de la Propiedad Intelectual para el Desarrollo Económico y Social Rio de Janeiro, 21 a 25 de mayo, 2007 Mario Cimoli
Scant cooperation in Latin American countries Industry-Science LinksInnovativeNon-Innovative Cooperation (%) (% of innoative firms that coop) (% of non-innoative firms that coop) France18 Germany13 Spain12 U.K16 Argentina*11.9243.2 Brazil1.22.70.05 Colombia188.8.131.52 Uruguay184.108.40.206 Souce: CIS3 and National Innovation Surveys of LAC * Since there is no direct question regarding R&D science-industry link, we considere the firm is engage in R&D cooperation project with universities and research labs if the firm declared to spend in R&D and to be engaged in cooperation with unviersities, research labs or public innovation netowrk
Cooperative distribution according to Size and Origin of capital ArgentinaBrazilColombiaUruguay Size Small2.900.331.152.75 Small-medium9.090.351.874.38 medium16.710.862.286.32 medium-large19.301.592.813.45 Large19.5412.100.8212.50 Origin of Capital Domestic11.101.491.683.39 Foreign17.497.590.456.85 Source: National Innovation Survey of LAC
Different IPR Mechanisms (alternatives or complementarities) Source: Own elaboration based on Brazilian Innovation Survey
A taxonomy of contemporary markets for knowledge
Implications for development (1) i.technological capabilities of agents ii.production capacities, which concern the stocks of resources, the nature of capital ‑ embodied technologies, labor skills, product and input specification and the organizational routines iii.the sectoral specificities of the technology in question iv.path-depended trajectories of firms (or countries), which shape the collective knowledge shared by agents in each socio-economic system and that define the entourage where firms (or countries) are likely to move in their search for innovation v.the (non-rational) perception of innovative opportunities, irrespectively of whether relative prices change or not, which might lead to the discovery of intended and unintended new techniques. Different factors shape the rate and direction of innovative and imitative search Legal appropriability mechanisms, i.e. prevailing intellectual property norms, classify as second order effect factors in shaping innovative and imitative conducts in countries that still have to catch up in terms of production capacities and technological capabilities embodied in socio-institutional systems.
Implications for development (2) Behavioral microfoundations of innovative conducts and the role of IP rights Asymmetry in countries’ scientific, technological and production capacitiesAsymmetry Participation and exclusion in contemporary markets for knowledge
Source: own elaboration. OECD Patent Database 2006, ECLAC-Padi and OECD-Stan.