Presentation on theme: "WMO REGULATORY MATERIAL Standards & Best Practices"— Presentation transcript:
1WMO REGULATORY MATERIAL Standards & Best Practices World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and waterWMOWMO REGULATORY MATERIAL Standards & Best PracticesICG-WIGOS TT on Regulatory Material(Geneva, November 2012)Dr M. OndrášChief, WMO Observing Systems DivisionWMO/OBS
2WMO OrganigramWMO Convention came into force on 23 March 1950 = 62 yearsIts predecessor International Meteorological Organization (coordination of observations & instrument standardization only) from 1873 to 1950 = 77 yearsTogether: 139 years of historyWMO has 189 Member States and Territories
3WMO Convention (Part II, Article 2, Purposes) To facilitate worldwide cooperation in the establishment of networks of stations for the making of meteorological observations as well as hydrological and other geophysical observations related to meteorology, and…;…(c) To promote standardization of meteorological and related observations and to ensure the uniform publication of observations and statistics;
4General Regulation of WMO ( Annex III, Structure and TOR of TCs) I. Basic CommissionsCBS – (A)CIMO – (A)CHy – (A)CAS – (B)II. Applications CommissionsCAeM – (C)CAgM - (C)JCOMM - (C)CCl - (C)(A) Basic operations and facilities(B) Research in Atmospheric sciences(C) Applications to economic and social activitiesDevelop, for consideration by the Executive Council and Congress, proposed international standards for methods, procedures, techniques and practices in meteorology and operational hydrology including, in particular, the relevant parts of the Technical Regulations, guides and manuals.
6WMO Regulatory Material Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49) (Mandatory publication):Volume I: General Meteorological Standards & Recommended PracticesVolume II: Meteorological Service for International Air navigationVolume III: HydrologyVolume IV: QMSeven Annexes: WMO Manuals
7WMO Regulatory Material A. Manuals (standard practices “SHALL”):International Cloud Atlas (WMO-No. 407), Volume I - Manual on the observations of clouds and other meteorsManual on Codes (WMO-No. 306)Manual on Global Telecommunication System (WMO-No. 386)Manual on Global Data Processing and Forecasting Systems (WMO-No. 485)Manual on Global Observing System (WMO-No. 544)Manual on Marine Meteorological Services (WMO-No. 558)Manual on the Implementation of ETR standardsB. Guides (recommended practices “SHOULD”):Guides on GOS, GDPFS, GTS,Guide to Met. Instruments and Methods of ObservationGuide to Hydro PracticesGuides to Practices or Services for different app areas, such as Climatology, Agrometeorology, Aviation, MarineC. Other Technical Documents needed for general understanding, such as GAW Reports
8WMO Regulatory Material International Meteorological VocabularyAimed at standardizing the terminology used in this field and at facilitating communication between specialists speaking different languages1st edition in 1967,Last hard copy edition (3500 terms in four languages)Further updates in digital : METEOTERM
9WMO Regulatory Material METEOTERM42000 terms in six languagesIncludes:International Meteorological VocabularyInternational Glossary of HydrologyTerms from related sciences thatMetadata: Information about meteorological and climatological data concerning how and when they were measured, their quality, known problems and other characteristics. (IPCC 4th Assessment Report, WG 1 Glossary)
10Partnership & Standardization Working agreements:UN: such as FAO and UNESCOIntergovernmental: such as ESA and EUMETSATNongovernmental: such as IUGG, ICSUWorking agreements - standardization:International Organization for Standardization (ISO), as of 2008International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM), as of 2002
11Partnership in Standardization Cooperation Agreement with ISO (2008):Development of joint ISO/WMO tech standardsWMO existing standards can become ISO standardsWMO retains primary control of its own standardsUnderlines authority of WMO standards and enhances international recognition WMO standardsNeed for any WIGOS standards to be promoted to ISO standards ?Working Arrangements with CIPM (2002):Ensuring traceability of measurements to SIPart of MRA: mutual recognition of standards & calibration & measurement certificatesNeed for WIGOS measurements to be traceable to SI ?
14Manual on the Global Observing System, WMO-No. 544 Part I. General Principles Regarding the Organization, Design and Implementation of the Global Observing SystemPart II. Requirements for Observational Data - WMO Rolling Review of RequirementsPart III. & Part IV Surface- and Space-based Subsystems: Composition & Implementation of ElementsPart V. Quality ControlAre some of these practices relevant to all WIGOS component observing systems?WIGOS Regulatory Material
15WMO Global Observing System (GOS) (Design & Evolution) A process named the Rolling Review of Requirements (RRR) has been instituted for continuously reviewing the requirements of Members and international programmes.Through RRR WMO generates guidance to Members, named Statements of Guidance.The Vision of the GOS provides high-level goals to guide the evolution of the Global Observing System in the coming decades (currently Vision for 2025).Responding to the above Vision, the Implementation Plan for the Evolution of global observing systems (EGOS-IP) is a key document providing Members with clear and focused guidelines and recommended actions in order to stimulate cost-effective evolution of the observing systems to address in an integrated way the requirements of WMO programmes and co-sponsored programmes.As a general principal, the evolution of the system is based on proven techniques and represents the best mix of observing elements that:satisfies to the maximum extent the data requirements in respect of accuracy, frequency and spatial resolution;is operationally and technically feasible;meets the cost-efficiency requirements of Members;is able to meet long-term needs of relevant WMO Programmes and a wide variety of purposes;covers ocean and data-sparse areas adequately;permits making new technologies available at affordable costs, so that all Member countries can maintain and satisfactorily operate their national components of the system and benefit from them in a sustainable and self reliant manner;permits the availability and accessibility of data for operational, research and educational purposes.
16WMO Rolling Review of Requirements Similar approach for all observing components?Long-term vision of the GOSRequirementsImplementation Plan for Evolution of the GOS All applications synthesis Recommendations for the observing systemCritical ReviewStatements of guidance per applicationMonitoring surface/space observing capabilities and plansWMO Members’ Space Agencies and partner organizations’Programmes
18How URs are specified in WMO RQ DB For each application & each geophysical variable:(i) Horizontal and (ii) Vertical resolution, (iii) Accuracy, (iv) Observing cycle, and (v) TimelinessFor each parameter:“min” (or threshold), represent the value below which observations are worthless“max” (or goal), represents value beyond which improvement gives no additional value“breakthrough” (or optimum), represents optimal cost/benefit
20Should Instrument Practices be included in the WIGOS Guide? Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation, WMO-No. 8Comprehensive und up-to-date guidance on the most effective practices for making meteorological observations and measurementsDescribes instruments, systems and techniques in regular use from the simplest to the most complexDoes not describe instruments and methods to be used only for research or experiments1st edition 19547th edition 2008Supplement to 7th edition: 2011Should Instrument Practices be included in the WIGOS Guide?
21STANDARDIZATION – harsh (cold) environment Issues:Large amounts of snowPower - significant periods of no dataHerschel Island AWSCourtesy: Darren Tessmer, MSC
22STANDARDIZATION – harsh (cold) environment Whistler MountainHigh LevelElevated plateau may not always be a solutionCourtesy Bill Scott, MSC
23Task Team on WRM to discuss: the scope, content and the form of WIGOS Regulatory MaterialDevelop a proposal of WIGOS-RM for the consideration by ICG-WIGOS
24Thank you World Meteorological Organization 7bis, avenue de la Paix CH-1211 Geneva 2SwitzerlandThank you24