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The Work of WHO in the South-East Asia Region
Member countries made steady progress in health development Health development WHO focused on country capacity building
Global targets for case detection and treatment success achieved Tuberculosis
85% treatment success 70% case detection
Tuberculosis / HIV 1.3 million people suffered from co-infection of TB and HIV
Tuberculosis / HIV Management of multidrug resistant TB and TB / HIV co-infection improved
Leprosy prevalence declined Leprosy
Post-elimination strategy developed and its implementation promoted Leprosy
Filariasis The Region accounted for 82% of the global Mass Drug Administration (MDA)
Filariasis Sri Lanka achieved Lymphatic Filariasis elimination
Diagnosis, treatment & case management improved Kala-azar Collaboration among affected countries strengthened
Diarrhoeal & Respiratory diseases Responsible for 48% of 3 million under-5 deaths annually
Dengue and Chikungunya Continued as major public health problems
Dengue and Chikungunya Situation worsened as a consequence of climate change
Avian Influenza 42% of global human cases reported in the Region
Avian Influenza High level task forces and coordinating bodies on Avian Influenza control formed
Avian Influenza 7 countries had national influenza centres linked to global network
Avian Influenza South-East Asia / Western Pacific Biregional Influenza Laboratory Network established
HIV / AIDS 3.6 million HIV infections in the Region
HIV / AIDS US$ 1 billion mobilized from Global Fund for the Region
International Health Regulations Intensified actions taken to build country core capacity
Public Health Emergencies More than 2 000 health workers trained
Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Table-top exercises conducted
Polio eradication Polio eradication is an unfinished agenda in the Region
Measles Measles continued to decline
Measles Lab network expanded
Vaccine development Manufacturers identified for seasonal influenza vaccine
Noncommunicable diseases 44% of the total disease burden 54% of the total deaths in our Region
Noncommunicable diseases Integrated prevention and control strategy is being developed
Tobacco control Tobacco kills more than a million people annually in South-East Asia
Several tobacco surveys conducted Tobacco control Regional strategy prepared for evidence-based tobacco control programme
Mental health Village-based workers trained for mental health work
Mental health Mental health promotion as a part of general health promotion strategy encouraged
Family and Community health Member countries on track to achieve MDG to reduce under-5 mortality
Maternal mortality MDG relating to maternal mortality reduction difficult to achieve More operation-based research is needed
Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) IMCI expanded and contributed to reducing child mortality
Maternal & Child Health Human resource development for maternal and newborn care accelerated
Maternal & Child Health Essential newborn and postnatal care integrated into primary health care
Reproductive health Guidelines on preventing and managing reproductive tract infections pilot-tested
Reproductive health Attempts made to eliminate congenital syphilis
Adolescent health Efforts continued to increase sensitivity to their health needs
Adolescent health National standards for quality services promoted
Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments Access to safe water supply increased
Water safety Water safety plans reviewed and updated
Sanitation 900 million people lack access to proper sanitation
Sanitation Ecology-based approach to sanitation conceived and pilot-tested
Natural disasters More than half of global deaths due to natural disasters occur in the Region
Natural disasters Floods and cyclones killed tens of thousands and affected millions last year
Natural disasters South-East Asia Regional Health Emergency Fund (SEARHEF) established and functional
Natural disasters SEARHEF released within hours following cyclone Nargis in Myanmar
Natural disasters Funds used for relief operations after floods in Sri Lanka
Food safety Surveillance in the Region was weak Public awareness of food hygiene was limited
Food safety Countries improved regulations to ensure food safety Enforcement of food safety standards was more effective
Climate change is a formidable challenge with long-term health implications Climate change
Regional framework for action to protect human health from climate change prepared Climate change
Health Systems Development
HSD challenges Development of human resources for health is the main challenge
Public health education Education programmes developed to support disease prevention and control strategies Public health workforce development continued
Public health education Intercountry cooperation promoted through South-East Asia Public Health Education Institutions Network
Task Force formed on Avian Influenza research Health research
Social and behavioural research in AI control launched in Indonesia Health research
Regional meeting on The Role of Education in Rational Use of Medicines held Essential medicines
Information management Generic format and guidelines for data collection and management disseminated
Regional repository of WHO information made available online Information management
Workforce development Regional meeting on community-based health workers and volunteers held
Resource mobilization 183 agreements concluded with 45 donors and partners
Resource mobilization 33% increase in voluntary contributions over the planned target
Global Management System (GSM) SEARO and WRO staff participating in GSM workshops GSM to be functional in the Region by 2009
Programme budget More than 70% of expenditure during the past biennium was funded from voluntary contributions
Country Collaboration Country focus and country-specific approach strengthened
Country Collaboration Efforts scaled up to strengthen country capacity for sustainable health development
Country Collaboration Coordination with other stakeholders to be further strengthened
Country Collaboration Collaboration with health ministries will be further enhanced
The Work of WHO in the South-East Asia Region The Work of WHO in the South-East Asia Region Biennial Report of the Regional Director 1 January
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