Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 1 Module N° 2 Basic safety management concepts Revision N° 5ICAO State Safety Programme.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 1 Module N° 2 Basic safety management concepts Revision N° 5ICAO State Safety Programme."— Presentation transcript:

1 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 1 Module N° 2 Basic safety management concepts Revision N° 5ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course25/02/10

2 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 2 SSP – A structured approach Module 2 Basic safety management concepts Module 2 Basic safety management concepts Module 3 ICAO SARPs related to safety management Module 3 ICAO SARPs related to safety management Module 4 ICAO SSP framework Module 4 ICAO SSP framework Module 5 ALoS related to an SSP Module 5 ALoS related to an SSP Module 6 Prescription / Performance Module 6 Prescription / Performance Module 8 SSP implementation plan Module 8 SSP implementation plan Module 1 Introduction to the SSP implementation course Module 7 SSP training programme Module 7 SSP training programme Module 2 Basic safety management concepts Module 2 Basic safety management concepts

3 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 3  At the end of this module, participants will be able to explain the strengths and weaknesses of long-established approaches to manage safety and describe new perspectives and methods of managing safety by the State Objective

4 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 4  A concept of accident causation  System performance in the real world  Safety management strategies – Levels of intervention and tools  Hazards and safety risks  Safety risk assessment  Questions and answers  Points to remember Contents

5 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 5  Consider ( the weaknesses in the notion of perfection)  The elimination of accidents (and serious incidents) is unachievable  Failures will occur, in spite of the most accomplished prevention efforts  No human activity or human-made system can be guaranteed to be absolutely free from hazard and operational errors  Controlled safety risk and controlled error are acceptable in an inherently safe system Concept of safety

6 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 6  Safety is the state in which the possibility of harm to persons or property damage is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management Concept of safety (Doc 9859)

7 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 7 Safety WHAT? WHO? WHEN? WHY? HOW?

8 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 8 A concept of accident causation Activities over which any organization has a reasonable degree of direct control Latent conditions trajectory

9 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 9 A concept of accident causation Factors that directly influence the efficiency of people in aviation workplaces. Latent conditions trajectory

10 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 10 A concept of accident causation Actions or inactions by people (pilots, controllers, maintenance engineers, aerodrome staff, etc.) that have an immediate adverse effect. Latent conditions trajectory

11 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 11 A concept of accident causation Resources to protect against the risks that organizations involved in production activities generate and must control. Latent conditions trajectory

12 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 12 A concept of accident causation Conditions present in the system before the accident, made evident by triggering factors Latent conditions trajectory

13 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 13 System performance in the real world System design Baseline performance Practical drift Operational performance Operational deployment

14 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 14 Managing safety – “Navigating the drift” Baseline performance Operational performance Practical drift Organization Navigational aids Reactive Proactive Predictive

15 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 15 Reactive method The reactive method responds to the events that already happened, such as incidents and accidents Reactive method The reactive method responds to the events that already happened, such as incidents and accidents Proactive method The proactive method looks actively for the identification of safety risks through the analysis of the organization’s activities Proactive method The proactive method looks actively for the identification of safety risks through the analysis of the organization’s activities Predictive method The predictive method captures system performance as it happens in real-time normal operations to identify potential future problems Predictive method The predictive method captures system performance as it happens in real-time normal operations to identify potential future problems Navigational aids

16 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 16 Strategies – Levels of intervention and tools

17 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 17  Hazard – Condition or object with the potential of causing injuries to personnel, damage to equipment or structures, loss of material, or reduction of ability to perform a prescribed function  Consequence – Potential outcome(s) of the hazard  Safety Risk – The assessment, expressed in terms of predicted probability and severity, of the consequence(s) of a hazard taking as reference the worst foreseeable situation Three key definitions

18 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 18  Example  Unclear aerodrome signage is a hazard  A runway incursion is one of the consequences of the hazard  The assessment (quantification) of the consequences of the potential runway incursion expressed in terms of probability and severity is the safety risk Three key definitions

19 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 19  There is a natural tendency to describe hazards as their consequence(s)  “Unclear aerodrome signage” vs. “runway incursion”  Stating a hazard as consequence(s)  disguises the nature of the hazard  interferes with identifying other important consequences  Well-named hazards  allow to infer the sources or mechanisms of the hazard  allow to evaluate the loss outcome(s) Understanding hazards

20 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 20  Natural  Technical  Economic Types of Hazards

21 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 21  Severe weather or climatic events:  E.g.: hurricanes, major winter storms, drought, tornadoes, thunderstorms lightning, and wind shear  Adverse weather conditions:  E.g.: Icing, freezing precipitation, heavy rain, snow, winds, and restrictions to visibility Examples of natural hazards

22 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 22  Geophysical events  E.g.: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods and landslides  Geographical conditions  E.g.: adverse terrain or large bodies of water  Environmental events  E.g.: wildfires, wildlife activity, and insect or pest infestation  Public health events  E.g.: epidemics of influenza or other diseases Examples of natural hazards

23 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 23  Deficiencies regarding  E.g.: aircraft and its components, systems, subsystems and related equipment  E.g.: an organization’s facilities, tools, and related equipment  E.g.: facilities, systems, sub-systems and related equipment that are external to the organization Examples of technical hazards

24 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 24  Major trends related to  Growth  Recession  Cost of material or equipment  Etc. Examples of economic hazards

25 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 25 Hazard analysis State the generic hazard (Hazard statement)  Airport construction State the generic hazard (Hazard statement)  Airport construction Identify specific components of the hazard  Construction equipment  Closed taxiways  … Identify specific components of the hazard  Construction equipment  Closed taxiways  … Naturally leading to specific consequence(s)  Aircraft colliding with construction equipment  Aircraft taking wrong taxiway  … Naturally leading to specific consequence(s)  Aircraft colliding with construction equipment  Aircraft taking wrong taxiway  … ABC of hazard analysis

26 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 26  What is it?  The analysis and elimination, and/or mitigation to an acceptable level of the safety risks of the consequences of identified hazards  What is the objective?  A balanced allocation of resources to address all safety risks and viable safety risks control and mitigation  Why is it important?  It is a data-driven approach to safety resources allocation, thus defensible and easier to explain Safety risk management

27 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 27  Probability  The likelihood that an unsafe event or condition might occur  Severity  The possible effects of an unsafe event or condition, taking as reference the worst foreseeable situation Definitions

28 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 28 Safety risk probability Probability of occurrence Meaning Qualitative definition Value Frequent Occasional Remote Improbable Extremely improbable Likely to occur many times (has occurred frequently) Likely to occur some times (has occurred infrequently) Unlikely, but possible to occur (has occurred rarely) Very unlikely to occur (not known to have occurred) Almost inconceivable that the event will occur

29 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 29 Safety risk severity  A large reduction in safety margins, physical distress or a workload such that the operators cannot be relied upon to perform their tasks accurately or completely  Serious injury  Major equipment damage  Equipment destroyed  Multiple deaths  A significant reduction in safety margins, a reduction in the ability of the operators to cope with adverse operating conditions as a result of increase in workload, or as a result of conditions impairing their efficiency  Serious incident  Injury to persons  Nuisance  Operating limitations  Use of emergency procedures  Minor incident  Little consequences Meaning Severity of occurrences Value Aviation definition Catastrophic Hazardous Major Minor Negligible A B C D E

30 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 30 Safety risk assessment matrix (example)

31 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 31 Safety risk tolerability

32 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 32  Scenario  Fuel spill on the apron area surface of approximately 25 m (75 ft) length and 5 m (15 ft) width, produced by an A310 ready to pushback and taxi for departure Warm-up exercise N° 02/01

33 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 33 Warm-up exercise N ° 02/01 – results 1. Identify the hazard(s) 2. Determine the hazard(s) consequence(s) 3. Assess the probability of the consequence: 4. Assess the severity of the consequence 5. Determine the resulting safety risk index 6. Establish the safety risk tolerability

34 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 34  Scenario  It was observed that airline baggage handling personnel generates FO(D) on the aerodrome apron area Warm-up exercise N° 02/02

35 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 35 Warm-up exercise N ° 02/02 – results 1. Identify the hazard(s) 2. Determine the hazard(s) consequence(s) 3. Assess the probability of the consequence: 4. Assess the severity of the consequence 5. Determine the resulting safety risk index 6. Establish the safety risk tolerability

36 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 36 Questions and answers Basic safety management concepts

37 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 37  Q: What is the ICAO definition for safety in Doc 9859?  A: ? Questions and answers Slide number:

38 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 38  Q: Explain the three different methods for “navigating the drift”  A: Questions and answers Slide number:

39 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 39  Q: Define safety risk management  A: ? Questions and answers Slide number:

40 Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 40 1.The concept of safety 2.Systems and operational performance in the real world 3.Levels of intervention and tools for managing safety 4.Hazard identification 5.Safety risk management Points to remember

41 Revision N° 5ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course25/02/10 Module N° 2 Basic safety management concepts


Download ppt "Module N° 2ICAO State Safety Programme (SSP) Implementation Course 1 Module N° 2 Basic safety management concepts Revision N° 5ICAO State Safety Programme."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google