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The EU Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition Mr. Tomás Reyes Ortega Office of the Personal Representative.

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Presentation on theme: "The EU Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition Mr. Tomás Reyes Ortega Office of the Personal Representative."— Presentation transcript:

1 The EU Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their ammunition Mr. Tomás Reyes Ortega Office of the Personal Representative on non- proliferation/General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union WESTERN BALKANS PALIAMENTARY FORUM ON SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS Belgrade, May 2007 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

2 Index I.EU policy in the area of SALW European Security Strategy The EU SALW Strategy II.EU action in the area of SALW Council Joint Action of 12 July 2002 III.Prospects for cooperation COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

3 European policy in the area of SALW European Security Strategy, December 2003: European Security Strategy, December 2003: TerrorismTerrorism Proliferation of WMDProliferation of WMD Regional ConflictsRegional Conflicts State FailureState Failure Organised CrimeOrganised Crime COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

4 EU policy in the area of SALW European Security Strategy key principles: European Security Strategy key principles: PreventionPrevention Effective MultilateralismEffective Multilateralism International CooperationInternational Cooperation COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

5 EU policy in the area of SALW December 2003 December 2003 Adoption of the EU WDM Strategy December 2005 December 2005 Adoption of the EU SALW Strategy « The Strategy contributes to the way the EU is perceived by third countries (recipients and other donors) and helps to strengthen the position of the EU not only as donor but also as a credible SALW policy advocate » (1 st Progress Report on the implementation of the EU SALW Strategy) COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

6 The EU SALW Strategy Chapter I Chapter I Origin and consequences of the illicit trafficking of SALWOrigin and consequences of the illicit trafficking of SALW Geographical focus AFRICA, but Latin America, Central and Eastern Asia, the Balkans and the Middle East also identified as most affected regions.Geographical focus AFRICA, but Latin America, Central and Eastern Asia, the Balkans and the Middle East also identified as most affected regions. The problem of sourcesThe problem of sources COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

7 The EU SALW Strategy and the Balkans Attention to the accumulations of SALW stockpiled in Eastern and South East Europe and the ways and means by which they are disseminated in Africa Attention to the accumulations of SALW stockpiled in Eastern and South East Europe and the ways and means by which they are disseminated in Africa It calls for support for effective multilateralism and for relevant regional initiatives, in particular Sub-Saharan Africa, Balkans and former USSR It calls for support for effective multilateralism and for relevant regional initiatives, in particular Sub-Saharan Africa, Balkans and former USSR Restructuring of low cost SALW production facilities in Eastern and South East Europe Restructuring of low cost SALW production facilities in Eastern and South East Europe COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

8 The EU SALW Strategy Chapter II Chapter II Member States civilian and military capabilitiesMember States civilian and military capabilities CFSP and ESDP instruments, including the Code of Conduct on Arms ExportsCFSP and ESDP instruments, including the Code of Conduct on Arms Exports European Community ActionEuropean Community Action Police, customs, judiciary action within the EUPolice, customs, judiciary action within the EU Joint Action 2002/589/CFSPJoint Action 2002/589/CFSP COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

9 The EU SALW Strategy Chapter III – Action Plan Chapter III – Action Plan Effective multilateralismEffective multilateralism Comprehensive: - International, regional, agreement/structured dialogues, within the EUComprehensive: - International, regional, agreement/structured dialogues, within the EU Effective response to the accumulation and problems posed by SALW stockpilesEffective response to the accumulation and problems posed by SALW stockpiles Not a programming documentNot a programming document COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

10 The EU SALW Strategy I.Multilateralism – International UN programme of Action UN programme of Action International Instrument on tracing and marking International Instrument on tracing and marking GGE Brokering GGE Brokering Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms Strengthen sanctions machinery Strengthen sanctions machinery Strengthening of export controls, promotion of the criteria of the Code of Conduct Strengthening of export controls, promotion of the criteria of the Code of Conduct Border controls, including assistance and training Border controls, including assistance and training Peace keeping missions authorised by SC Resolution in the area of SALW and ammunition Peace keeping missions authorised by SC Resolution in the area of SALW and ammunition COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

11 The EU SALW Strategy Multilateralism – Regional Multilateralism – Regional Regional initiativesRegional initiatives OSCE – handbook of best practicesOSCE – handbook of best practices OSCE actionOSCE action Peacekeeping missions in monitoring of embargoesPeacekeeping missions in monitoring of embargoes Multilateralism – Agreements/Dialogue Multilateralism – Agreements/Dialogue COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

12 The EU SALW Strategy Action on cross-border problems assistance programmes to provide equipment and assistance in drafting national legislation on export controls assistance programmes to provide equipment and assistance in drafting national legislation on export controls training institutions in the States of sub-Saharan Africa training institutions in the States of sub-Saharan Africa training programmes for customs departments and other agencies, in particular in Eastern European countries. training programmes for customs departments and other agencies, in particular in Eastern European countries. promotion of an increased role for peacekeeping missions authorised by a UN Security Council Resolution in the area of SALW and their ammunition. promotion of an increased role for peacekeeping missions authorised by a UN Security Council Resolution in the area of SALW and their ammunition. COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

13 The EU SALW Strategy Action plan – flexible and adaptable Action plan – flexible and adaptable Six-monthly progress reports Six-monthly progress reports COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

14 The EU SALW Strategy No specific SALW budget line No specific SALW budget line No programming cycle No programming cycle No clear interlocutor No clear interlocutor Difficulties to identify relevant projects Difficulties to identify relevant projects CODUN- Appropriate fora CODUN- Appropriate fora Flexibility Flexibility Complementarities/Synergies Complementarities/Synergies COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

15 The EU SALW Strategy Development of CFSP budget 62,6 102,6 159, MEURO COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

16 Office of the PR/Council Secretariat General Secretary/ Mr. CFSP (Javier Solana) Ms. Annalisa Giannella Personal Representative on non-proliferation EU WMD Strategy EU SALW Strategy Conventional Weapons Export Controls Streamlining non- proliferation Third Countries CONOP COARMCODUN + EUROPEAN COMMISSION COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE EU MEMBER STATES

17 Joint Action 2002/589/CFSP (ex /34/CFSP) Geographical focus: Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Balkans Geographical focus: Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Balkans Overarching objectives: Overarching objectives: To combat, and contribute to ending, the destabilising accumulation and spread of small arms; To combat, and contribute to ending, the destabilising accumulation and spread of small arms; To contribute to the reduction of existing accumulations of these weapons and their ammunitions to levels consistent with countries’ legitimate security needs, and To contribute to the reduction of existing accumulations of these weapons and their ammunitions to levels consistent with countries’ legitimate security needs, and To help solve the problems caused by these excessive accumulations To help solve the problems caused by these excessive accumulations COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

18 The EU SALW Strategy JOINT ACTION 2002/589/CFSP (ex /34/CFSP) Projects in… Projects in… AlbaniaAlbania CambodiaCambodia Mozambique – South African PoliceMozambique – South African Police Georgia (South Ossetia)Georgia (South Ossetia) Latin America and the CaribbeanLatin America and the Caribbean South East Europe (SEESAC)South East Europe (SEESAC) ECOWAS – December 2004ECOWAS – December 2004 Ukraine – November 2005Ukraine – November 2005 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

19 Concluding remarks Stressess the EU's role as a major player in Foreign and Security Policy and more specifically in the area of SALW Stressess the EU's role as a major player in Foreign and Security Policy and more specifically in the area of SALW Clear identification of priorities and objectives Clear identification of priorities and objectives A solid basis for further EU action in the near future, and in the Western Balkans A solid basis for further EU action in the near future, and in the Western Balkans COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE

20 Further information COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – HIGH REPRESENTATIVE


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