Presentation on theme: "World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water The Role of WIS & WIGOS in supporting WMO Priority Areas WIS Implementation."— Presentation transcript:
World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water The Role of WIS & WIGOS in supporting WMO Priority Areas WIS Implementation Workshop November 1, 2011, SOFIA Dr W. ZHANG, D/OBS WMO WMO
2 WMO Congress 16 decide 5 key priorities for GFCS Capacity building WIGOS/WIS Disaster Risk Reduction Aeronautical meteorology
The Role of WIS & WIGOS in the five main elements of the GFCS
1. WIS Role in GFCS
Role of CSIS within the GFCS The CSIS is the means of delivery of climate data and products. It comprises global, regional and national information centres and entities that generate/process climate information, and the exchange of data and products to agreed standards and protocols. It must be supported by observation and information programmes. Capacity building initiatives will increase ‘conductivity’ of data flow
Basic conceptual elements of GFCS --Climate Service Information System(CSIS) Chapter 2: OBSERVING SYSTEMS AND DATA EXCHANGE: Mechanisms for climate data exchange: –A new World Meteorological Organization Information System is being developed to serve as the coordinated global infrastructure for the telecommunication and management of weather, climate, water and related data. –The new Information System has been designed to meet global requirements for routine collection and dissemination not only of observed data but also of value-added analysis products. It will also support user needs for locating, accessing and transmitting data.
Addressing issues of data exchange and access (HLT report) The WMO is in the process of implementing an information system (WIS) capable of distributing observations and information globally as well as providing access to the same datasets on user request. This system has global hubs feeding regional nodes and offers the potential to be able to honour the national data policies of all data providers. It is expected that this system will be fully implemented by 2015, with some elements becoming available in The Global Framework for Climate Services should make use of this and other suitable information systems for exchanging data and information.
2) Climate Services Information System (CSIS) This is the system needed to collect, process and distribute climate data and information according to the needs of users as well as to the procedures agreed by governments and other data owners. It should be largely based on, or parallel to, the existing internationally-agreed systems for exchanging and processing meteorological data and information. These communication systems are often tailored to serve particular provider - user communities, although the proposed World Meteorological Organization Information System offers generic functionality well suited to providing access to climate services globally. (Show HLT report Figure 9.2)
The GFCS and WIS WIS metadata is not limited to describing data and products. –=> WIS metadata for climate service discovery WIS data communication network can be used by all WMO programms (WWW, DRR, WIS can provide the basic data transport and discovery infrastructure for the GFCS
2. WIGOS Role in GFCS
The Role of WIS & WIGOS in the five main elements of the GFCS
W MO I NTEGRATED G LOBAL O BSERVING S YSTEM (WIGOS) Background: WMO Global Observing Systems Global Observing Systems (WWW/GOS) RBSN, RBCN (>10,000 stations,1,000 upper-air) AMDAR (39754/day) Ship & Marine obs (30417/day) Surface-based remote sensing Meso-scale networks WMO Space Programme Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) World Hydrological Cycle Observing System (WHYCOS) WMO Co-sponsored Observing Systems GCOS, GOOS, GTOS
Courtesy:Tom Karl Atmosphere Land Oceans Space The climate system: Atmosphere Land Ocean Cryosphere Observations: The climate system: Atmosphere Land Ocean Cryosphere Observations:
A challenge: The changing observing system The continuing changing observing system Courtesy, S. Brönnimann
8/25/ WIGOS WMO Need for WIGOS to support seamless prediction and services framework Need for Integrated Global Observing System beyond individual GOS, GAW,WHYCOS into WIGOS
Historically the WMO observing systems have been developed and administered separately; This multiplicity of systems has resulted in some incompatibilities and deficiencies, duplication of effort, and higher overall costs; Present observing capabilities fall short of meeting current and future WMO Members needs and are not delivering their full benefits. 8/25/ Why WIGOS is needed?
8/25/ Why WIGOS is needed? Service Demand for a wide range of high- quality observational data, products & information for the benefit of society & sustainable development, esp. improving services: to extreme weather events & disasters (Japan, Australia, Brazil), and to climate services & climate change (melting glaciers - the simplest indicators of climate change); to water resources
Basic conceptual elements of GFCS --Observations and Monitoring The purpose of this element of the Framework is to ensure that climate observations necessary to meet the needs of climate services are generated. Key tasks for the Framework will be to define the gaps that most crucially affect climate services, to bring attention to these deficiencies and to assist in efforts to fill them. They are also likely to include past data and can be addressed through “data rescue” and the conversion of historic, paper-based records to electronic formats.
Observations to meet GFCS needs Understanding Models and Prediction Service Delivery Consequences Validation & Initiation Output Monitoring Analysis Observations The availability of new observations strongly motivates advances in understanding, prediction, and application.
Major Gaps in the Three Domains Atmosphere Ocean Terrestrial Polar Regions (all three domains)
Gaps in global observation systems: Atmosphere Domain Basic conventional network coverage is poor for many developing nations (GSN& GUAN). Urban areas will require improved observations to support urban-specific adaptation decisions All countries should give high priority to the need for sufficiently resourced observation networks. Good design, effective planning, progressive and sustainable implementation. Major Gaps Implementation strategy
Why a Framework for Climate Services?
Gaps in global observation systems: Ocean Domain The ocean observation system require substantial additional national efforts to build and sustain their implementation. The fragility of the financial arrangements supporting most of the present effort is of particular concern, and very limited progress in establishing national oceanic institutions. The major challenges to success in the coming decade can be reduced to the need for long-term funding and improved international and national organizational structures to build and sustain a truly interdisciplinary, coherent, systematic and sustained ocean observing system. Major Gaps Implementation strategy
Global Ocean Observations: How to sustain and further improve to meet GFCS needs ? Current coverage
Gaps in global observation systems: Terrestrial Domain Progress in establishing institutional support for in situ networks has been slow, leading to networks that are still poorly coordinated and harmonised The satellite community needs encouragement in continuing their efforts to monitor Essential Climate Variables in the terrestrial domain. Efforts need to be made to ensure that observations crucial to our understanding of terrestrial systems, including the hydrosphere, biosphere and cryosphere, are moved from the largely research-driven funding base to a secure, longer- term monitoring network Major Gaps Implementation strategy
Tiksi, Russia Alert, CanadaBarrow, Alaska Eureka, Canada Summit, Greenland Ny-Alesund, Svalbard How to coordinate these research networks to ensure sustained observations and data sharing for GFCS
Major challenges in four Areas Data policy & sharing Quality and long-term consistence Historical Data Rescue New Observing Capability & Impact
Approaches to global data policy HLT Principle 6: The Framework will promote the free and open exchange of climate-relevant observational data while respecting national and international data policies, and clarify climate data policies
Accuracy, Precision Representativeness Measurement traceability Long-time series stability Reducing uncertainty …… Ensure the quality of the observations to meet GFCS requirements, data rescue
Maximizing Data Quality and Usability A Example: climate monitoring from space Users Users Satellites & sensors Satellite data Essential Climate products GOS GSICS Consistent Calibrated data sets SCOPE-CM Sustained CO-ordinated Processing of Environmental satellite data for Climate Monitoring (SCOPE-CM)Sustained CO-ordinated Processing of Environmental satellite data for Climate Monitoring (SCOPE-CM) Global productsGlobal products Sustained into the futureSustained into the future Coordinated globallyCoordinated globally Basic system for the climate monitoring from spaceBasic system for the climate monitoring from space
Multi-satellite Intercalibration improves MSU time series Operational Calibration Improved calibrated radiances using SNO- improved differences between sensors by order of magnitude. Trends for nonlinear calibration algorithm using SNO cross calibration 0.20 K Decade -1 Improved Calibration
New Observing Capability & Impact A example: Sea level Observations: 100 fold improvement in 30 years CCl Management Group meeting, Geneva May 2010
The ENSO The predictability Seasonal climate predictions require information below the surface for many tens of metres depth, For decadal climate prediction, information from the full depth of the ocean may be needed.
data New science and technology in data utilization for climate: Fully utilize observational data and develop value-added products, information to meet many user sector needs. products information knowledge
WMO Cg 16 Decision to establish ICG WIGOS/ WIGOS Project Office The overall observing system is rather complex and needs thoughtful, in-depth, careful, efficient integration of large, but disperse observing systems of WMO and partner organizations to meet ever-increased requirement for timely and acurate information demanded by Members. WIGOS implementation is crucial for WMO´s future and essential for meeeting the emerging requirements for WMO activities related to integration and delivery of observations for: Global Framework of Climate Services; Disaster Risk Reduction; Aviation Meteorology; Capacity Building; and..... cooperation with partner organizations
( Outline of the WIGOS brochure ) WIGOS: Our Planet's Future Hub for Weather, Climate and Water Observations What is WIGOS? Why We Need WIGOS How WIGOS Links to WMO Future Priorities The Roadmap: How WIGOS Would Work Requirements: Technology: Quality: Management Efficiency: Capacity Building: Who Will Build WIGOS? Members; Regional Associations; Technical Commissions; (The Secretariat); Partner Organizations Benefits of WIGOS More information at:
3. WIS & WIGOS must go hand in hand
39 Standardization & Quality Management Three key areas on Standardization: Instruments and Methods of Observation; WIS information exchange and discovery; Quality Management Framework. QMF Standards Instruments and methods of observation standards WIS Standards for Data & Metadata exchange & Discovery, Access and Retrieval (DAR) Services Observatios for Weather, Climate, Water, Ocean, ……. Data Processing and Forecasting Archiving Users Active Quality Management
WIS &WIGOS go hand in hand WIS Metadata: Books Catalogues of a Library WIGOS Metadata: Table content of books WIGOS data and products: the quality assured content of the books (through standardization, QMF, new science and technology for value- added products) GISICs: need to host all the WIS and WIGOS metadata, esp data and products from co-sponsored systems (GCOS, GOOS, GTOS, GEOSS..) DCPCs and NCs: need to generate and host all the quality data and products produced by WIGOS WIS: Ensure Members and users can find out the right data, products and information they needed (pull through DAR) WIS: Disseminate all data, observing and model products to identified users in a timely manner (Push) More ………
Without integration, NMHSs can not afford further services expansion; Integration will seek high degree standardization and inter-operability, to form powerful basic system for supporting all WMO Programmes The Tower of Babel
WIGOS: Our Planet's Future Hub for Weather, Climate and Water Observations It is very important to consider that WIGOS and WIS need be enhanced altogether. Data and information have to be timely available to users. All Observations need be integrated and of highest quality for maximum benefit.
43 WMO Complex and multiple Observing systems need be well coordinated and integrated: - WMO and partner organizations - WIGOS GOS SATELITES In-SITU SHIPS BUOYS AIRCRAFTS, RAIN GAUGES
Given the observations: Adequate analysis, processing, meta-data, archival, access, and management of the resulting data and the data products create further challenges in spite of the new computational tools. Given the observations: Adequate analysis, processing, meta-data, archival, access, and management of the resulting data and the data products create further challenges in spite of the new computational tools. information Volumes of data continue to grow and the challenge is to distill information out of the increasing numbers.
Great Advances in Global and Regional Weather Forecasts: Credit of WIS and WIGOS
WIS & WIGOS Our Organization's Foundation and Future Hub for Weather, Climate and Water Information services Thank you! More information at: