BASIC DATA 12.000 INHABITANTS 300 km 2 TERRITORY CAPITAL – IDRIJA (town) IDRIJA – 6.000 residents, oldest Slovenian miner‘s town (over 500 years) SECOND LARGEST MERCURY (QUICK SILVER) MINE – worldwide JULY 2012 – becomes UNESCO WHS (together with Almadén, Spain) HERITAGE OF MERCURY TRANSNATIONAL, SERIAL NOMINATION FOR WHS INDUSTRIAL, TECHNICAL, CULTURAL HERITAGE NATURAL VALUES, GEOPARK IDRIJA INTANGIBLE HERITAGE
Idrija is located in southwestern part of Slovenia, at the meeting point of the Alps and Karst.
Has 11.904 inhabitants. While the town itself has 5.973 inhabitants. Municipality of Idrija covers an area of 294 sq km.
Ore mining in Idrija began after native mercury was discovered in 1490. Centuries of exploitation have resulted in mine tunnels spanning 700 kilometres and reaching 420 metres below the surface.
Anthony`s Main Road began to be dug in the year 1500. Initially supported by wood props, the tunnel was given tube-shaped walls made of lime blocks and pozzalana mortar in 1766. The 300 – metre tunnel was used by miners for nearly half a millennium to enter and exit the mine. Today a part of the pit has been arranged into a museum. The first smelting plant in Idrija was built in the middle of the 17th century on the left bank of the Idrijca River at Prejnuta. In 1880 the smelting plant was moved to the right bank, where it operated until 1995 and was then protected in 1997 as a monument of technical heritage and in 2001 as a monument of national importance.
The Kamšt water pump is a powerful and technically sophisticated pumping plant, built in 1790 near Joseph`s Shaft. In the rustic brick building is a giant oak paddle wheel with a diameter of 13.6 meters, which is famous as the largest wooden wheel in Europe. Gewerkenegg castle (1533) was built to house the administration of the mercury mine and as secure storage facility (warehouse) for precious metals and cinnaber. Today, it is a magnificicent spacious building intended for the Idrija Municipal Museum.
www.cherplan.eu/ Mine`s Theatre built in 1769 is the oldest theatre building made of stone in Slovenia. The building testifies to the rich and diverse cultural heritage of Idrija, which includes theatre production. Miner`s house, located at Bazoviška 4. The house was built at the end of the 18th century and was subsequently refurbished in the 19th century. The building has a high gable, three floors, a basement and a mansard. The house is made mostly of wood, with the exception of the ground floor, which is made of stone.
Construction of Francis`s Shaft, which is still in use today, began in 1792. It is one of the oldest facilities in the mine and one of the most important shafts for mine operations and ore transport. The klavže water barriers were built in the narrow channels of the creeks that converge and then flow trough Idrija to serve an important purpose – the floating of wood for use of the Mercury Mine Idrija.
Achacius Square was an important worksite, as well as a place where people gathered. Town Square. The appearance of the restored square dates form 2006 and is the work of architect Boris Podrecca. Aumetz Square is one of Idrija`s smallest squares and is named after a French mining town, Aumetz.
MINIMAL STANDARDS FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGMENT PLAN (According to national legislation, Cultural Heritage Protection Act, Articles 59-61) Overview (detailed list) of cultural valuesProtection and development visionStrategic and implementation aims (goals)Management structureRisk management measuresActivity and financial plan (focusing on visit access and visit management)Indicators and management plan monitoring measuresValidity period, means of amending and/or changing the plan
IMPORTANT: Management plan needs to be prepared by the manager or owner of cultural heritage unit(s) (monument or area) Management plan needs to be prepared with participation of Cultural Heritage Protection Institute of Slovenia Management plan needs to be adopet by the organisation (or body) that declared specific cultural heritage (monument or area)
OPTIONAL: In case management plan includes also protected natural values it can be prepared as a unified plan (for cultural heritage and natural values) in cooperation also with Natural Protection Institute of Slovenia. Consent of representative Ministry for nature protection is required for adopting a unified management plan.
IMPORTANT - WORKING WITH STAKEHOLDERS (CSMP) - COLABORATION WITH INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL LEVEL (Coordination Committee, Ministry) - INCLUSION OF EXTERNAL EXPERTS (in various relevant fileds (risk, finance, law, …) - TESTING AND VALIDATION SOLUTIONS- BEING PRAGMATIC AND REASONABLE ;)
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