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The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria.

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Presentation on theme: "The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria

2

3 Government

4 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Government During the 60s Bulgaria was under the rule of the Soviet Union. The communist era in Bulgaria began in 1944 when Fatherland Front Coalition, dominated by the Communist party led a coup against Bulgaria's tsarist government and took power. This period of the Bulgarian history lasted for 45 years Communism

5 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Government Parliamentary elections were organized Georgy Dimitrov headed the government Referendum on the state system Elections for Grand National assembly Georgy Dimitrov - prime minister “Nationalization” started Turning Bulgaria into a communist state and the following years Coat of arms of People`s Republic of Bulgaria Successful Bulgarian economy Todor Zhivkov offered Bulgaria to join the SU Bulgaria took part in the liquidation of the Prague Spring The Communist era in Bulgaria ended

6 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Re-education Labour Camps

7 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Re-education Labour Camps At the end of December 1944, regulation for the opening of "re-education labour camps for people with dangerous political views“ was accepted Many people are convicted because of: different points of view and ideas telling funny stories opposing joining the Agricultural Cooperative Farms being Moslems from the conterminous regions Without court and verdict people such as: scientists doctors cultural workers were sent to these Concentration Camps people went through these camps throughout the whole period.

8 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes

9 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes The Army The military of Bulgaria dates back to ancient times - the armies of the Bolgar states in Asia, Old Great Bulgaria, Volga Bulgaria, Danube Bulgaria The leader of the military traditionally - khan After the First Bulgarian Empire converted to Christianity - knyaz or tsar The Bulgarian Army represents the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria The Commander-in-Chief is the President of Bulgaria - Georgi Parvanov Operational elements of the Bulgarian Army include: Bulgarian Land Forces, Bulgarian Navy, and the Bulgarian Air Forces The patron saint of the Bulgarian Army - St. George (May 6, also known as St. George's Day)

10 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Orders,decorations and medals in the Bulgarian army in the beginning of the 60’s Hero Of The People's Republic Of Bulgaria - Awarded to Bulgarian and foreign citizens for merits in defending Bulgaria and other countries allied to Bulgaria Honourary titles Hero Of Socialist Labour - Awarded for exceptional achievements in the sphere of agriculture, science, education, culture, arts as well as for contributing to technical progress.

11 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Orders and medals National Order Of Labour (1 -st,2 -nd,3 -rd class) Order Of The Red Banner Of Labour Order Of Labour Glory (1 -st,2 -nd and 3 -rd class) Order Of Civil Velour And Merit (1 -st,2 -nd and 3 -rd class) Order Of People's Liberty (1- st and 2- nd class)

12 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order of 9 September 1944 It was founded with a law on 9 September 1945 It was rewarded to Bulgarian and foreign citizens who have taken part in the national uprising from 9 September 1944 and also to those who helped for the consolidation of the people’s power. This order has three classes – 1st,2nd and 3rd with swords and without swords The first rewarded person was Georgi Dimitrov

13 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order of Peoples’ Republic of Bulgaria On 15 September 1946 Bulgaria was proclaimed for People’s Republic On 18 June 1947 the order of People’s Republic of Bulgaria was founded. On this day was rewarded the first person - Georgi Dimitrov It was rewarded to personnel of the armed forces and civil people for service and remarkable success

14 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order of Georgi Dimitrov Founded on 17 June 1950 Rewarded to Bulgarian and foreign citizens for extremely great deserts. Also rewarded to people honoured with the honourary titles: “Hero of people’s republic of Bulgaria” “Hero of socialist labour“ The first rewarded person was Vulko Chervenkov prime minister in 1950

15 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order for Bravery It was founded on 15 June 1948 Three classes – 1st,2nd and 3 rd It was rewarded to people who contributed to the success of the battle in wartime and for feats connected with the country security in peace time

16 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order of the Red Flag Founded on 13 December 1950 This is the first Bulgarian military order after 9 September 1944 It was rewarded to personnel of the armed force and civil people for displayed courage,bravery, selflessness and heroism in wartime

17 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order of Military Valour and Merit Founded on 28 May 1964 Designed for personnel of the armed forces for their long, loyally, faultless and selfless service The people were rewarded with that order in the end of their service, at their discharge

18 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Order of Balkan Mountain Founded on 4 August 1966 It was given to foreign state heads, head of governments, ministers, diplomats, etc. who have extremely great deserts for the establishment, consolidation and supporting of friendly relationships with People’s Republic of Bulgaria.

19 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Medal for the Merits to the Bulgarian People’s Army It was founded on 23 December 1965 Rewarded to personnel of the armed forces and also to people working in the Ministry of the National Defense For deserts in the consolidation of the armed force of People’s Republic of Bulgaria Civil people were also rewarded for long service in the army

20 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Other Medals Medal for Participation in the Anti-fascism Struggle Founded on 15 June 1948 Awarded to participants in struggle against fascism and capitalism This is the last Bulgarian award instituted with a triangular suspension ribbon Medal for Participation in the People’s Uprising 1923 Founded on 15 June 1948 Rewarded to all surviving anti-fascist participants in the June and September 1923 Bulgarian uprisings on the event of the 25th anniversary

21 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Other Medals Medal for Years of Service in the Armed Force Awarded to personnel of the armed forces of the People's Republic Of Bulgaria for long, conscientious and faultless service Commemorative Medal 90 Years from Georgi Dimitrov’s Birth Founded on 12 June 1972 in occasion of Georgi Dimitrov’s 90 birthday Rewarded to national and international communist movement leaders and politicians

22 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Epaulettes Sergeant ranks : CorporalSergeant Second Class SergeantSergeant First Class Chief Petty Officer Line officer ranks : Lieutenant Junior Grade Second Lieutenant First Lieutenant Capitan

23 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Orders, Medals, Epaulettes Epaulettes Senior Officer Ranks : Superior Officer Ranks : MajorLieutenant-ColonelColonel Major-GeneralLieutenant-GeneralColonel-GeneralArmy General

24 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria People

25 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria People Todor Zhivkov Early Political Life He joined the Bulgarian Workers Party in 1932 Participated in Bulgaria's relatively small resistance movement against the country's alignment with Nazi Germany He is said to have taken part in the coup in 1944 Todor Zhivkov is one of the emblematic names for the Bulgarian communism. He was born in the village of Pravets on 7 September 1911 in a peasant family.

26 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria People Todor Zhivkov Rise To Power Zhivkov became head of the Sofia police force Became a full member of the BCP Became member of the BCP Politburo Became first secretary of the BCP Promoted himself to prime minister of People`s Republic of Bulgaria The "Zhivkov Constitution" promoted him to chairman of the new Council of State (president )

27 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria People Todor Zhivkov Zhivkov`s Rule It had no fixed ideological course. Thought officially a Communist internationalist, in fact Zhivkov attempted to turn Bulgaria into an economic and military factor within the Balkans and South- Eastern Europe. Bulgaria's traditional patriotic view of its national history was dominant, and many patriotic films on traditional.

28 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria

29 Event

30 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Event IX World Youth Festival 1968 The festival is the most remarkable event of the 60s young people from Bulgaria took part in the opening ceremony 142 countries from all around the world sent delegations The slogan of the event was “Solidarity, peace and amity” The main topic – “Youth, peace and fertility”

31 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Event IX World Youth Festival 1968 The days of the festival coincided with the anniversary of the destruction of Hiroshima. The slogans: “We say no to the War” “We say no to the atom bomb” “No more Hiroshima” were launched.

32 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Event IX World Youth Festival 1968 A tradition for such kind of festivals was every delegation to plant a tree outside the stadium.

33 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Event IX World Youth Festival 1968 There was a competition for the most beautiful lady of the festival.

34 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Look from the other side Why haven`t the Beatles taken part in the festival? -T-The BCP wouldn`t brook them for political reasons! And they were not the only one affected by the censorship in Bulgaria IX World Youth Festival 1968

35 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry

36 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry The Beginning The automobile industry in the Soviet Union is unique amongst automobile industries in the world Before 1929 very few Russians could afford cars After the October Revolution, the creation of the Kremlin own automobile industry started The oldest Soviet automaker is GAZ - originally developed with the assistance of Ford The industry thrived mostly from the lack of competition

37 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry Brands and Purposes AvtoZAZ (aka ZAZ) - Originally designed to be a Soviet Volkswagen AvtoVAZ (aka VAZ, Lada) - The most popular car (known as Zhiguli) was originally a license-built copy of the Fiat 124. Also: Lada Samara Lada Niva SUV Lada Oka Lada Riva AZLK (aka Moskvitch): originally part of GAZ AvtoGAZ (aka GAZ): the Russian "Mercedes-Benz" ZIL: the official limousine of the Soviet Union UAZ: maker of Soviet SUVs, buses and trucks LuAZ: maker of small off-road vehicles(/amphibians)

38 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry ZAZ

39 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry Lada

40 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry Moskvitch

41 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry UAZ

42 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Automobile Industry GAZ and ZiL GAZ ZiL

43 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Sport

44 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Sport Boyan Radev Born in Moshino, Pernik. Bulgarian Greco - Roman wrestler for Levski-Spartak in a category up to 97 kg Two-time Olympic Games champion (1964 Tokyo and 1968 Mexico) One-time champion of the world. Became Sportsman of the Year in the years 1964, 1967 and 1968

45 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Sport Georgi Asparuhov Bulgarian football player, considered to be among the top Bulgarian footballers of all times Striker for Levski Sofia from 1960 to 1961 and from 1964 to 1971 Striker for Botev Plovdiv from 1961 to 1963 He played 245 matches and scored 150 goals Died in a car crash in 1971 with his talented teammate Nikola Kotkov The present stadium PFC Levski Sofia is called Georgi Asparuhov Stadium

46 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Fashion

47 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Fashion Mostly dresses or skirts most times not above the knees straight with a slash on the back side Very rarely, not until the late 60s, women wore trousers Hair-style middle length hair and slightly curly when the hair is longer - bonded or bonded in a bun The shoes were with not so high heels

48 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Music

49 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Music Lili Ivanova One of the most famous Bulgarian singers of all times She started her music career in the 1960s Despite her age, she keeps singing Recently she gave a concert in the famous concert hall Olympia in Paris

50 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Music The Crickets The Crickets are Bulgarian rock band created in Sofia in 1967 Their first recordings were done in January 1967 The name of the band was chosen by the audience of one radio show They came at the summit of their glory in the 80s The Crickets have 13 records (the last released 2008) Their most emblematic songs are: “Vow” (soundtrack of the film you’ll see in the coffee break) “Two traces” “Date” “My world”

51 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Cinema

52 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Cinema The Trespasser of the Peach Garden Directed by Vulo Radev and based on a novelette by Emiliyan Stanev Set towards the end of World War I Tells the story of a whirlwind love affair between a Serbian prisoner of war - Ivo Obretenovic (played by Rade Markovic) a Colonel’s wife, Elisaveta (played by Nevena Kokanova) There isn’t a happy end - the man and the woman die for their love

53 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Television

54 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Television Bulgarian National Television The Bulgarian national television was found in 1959 This year it has an anniversary - 50 years from its first broadcast – live delivery of the 7 th November manifestation in “9 th September” square

55 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Television At Every Kilometer It was offered to Bulgarian viewers in % of the Bulgarians watched it Classified as action The plot - the partisan movement against Fascism during the Second World War. The soundtrack, performed by Kosta Karageorgiev, is very popular. The lyrics say: “We were born from the red flag, We’ll not be scared by death We are at every kilometer And that is how it would be till the end of the world …”

56 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Television Fast, brave and skillful It’s a children’s program, broadcast on the Bulgarian National Television (BNT) Released for the first time on 10 October, 1969 The participants in the show competed in performing different physical competitions - hurdles, jumping with sacks, ball games and many others In 1979, it became a co-production between the Bulgarian, Czech and Hungarian televisions

57 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria Livings

58 The Historical Background Of The 60s In Bulgaria

59 Credits Iva Kanova Maria Gulyashka Dimitar Todorov Hristiyan Alashki


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