Presentation on theme: "A year on our farm. Our farm -Total area; 75 hectares; about 30 hectares food- and starch potatoes and rest 35 hectares are cereals (wheat, oats, barley…)"— Presentation transcript:
A year on our farm
Our farm -Total area; 75 hectares; about 30 hectares food- and starch potatoes and rest 35 hectares are cereals (wheat, oats, barley…) -5 tractors, a planting machine (4-rows), a lifting combine (2 rows), a combine harvester and several working mashines. -Laborforce; my son and me. Temporarily my brother too.
The following year bigins in the former autumn October- December – Autumn working; plowing et cetera – Rough plannings for next season; baced on soil analysis and made by computer program -> the shopping of fertilisers, pesticide and so on based on bookkeeping
January - March The yield of the last year and the seed for the season will be classified The transport forward
A short planning for one section April The yield-contract with the factories Final plannings for the season using the computer ->sending plannings by to the agriculture office Perälä Jaakko LYHYT VILJELYSUUNNITELMA 2011 Lohkon nimi lajike Viljelyala Keskuskoulu B: Melody 0,75 ha Siemenperuna Melody Satotavoite kg Ala Määrä/ha Siemenet Siemen Peruna Melody sert A ,67 kg/ha Määrä/ala N P K :Lannoitteet Lannoite kevät YaraMila Perunan Y /ha Yhteenveto N P K Kasvukaudella kertyneet; Ero tarpeeseen (N = 48 P = 55 K = 395) Ero ympäristötuen max ilman esikasvin siirtymiä (N = 85 P = 55)
May - June On an average we start to plant potatoes on the 10. of May (ending about in the end of May. In the same time fertiliser goes to the soil. A day before planting we cultivate the field up to 15 cm
Hurry continues Soon after planting we shape the rows. About 3 weeks after planting starts the sparying of weeds. The spaying ends before the Midsummer week. Water usage is 200 l/hectare
July - August About the 10 of Jyly begins the spraying of the potatoe blight (potatoes are about 30 cm high). We have to do this 3-5 times during a season (400 l/hectare water and about 1l pesticide) In many years we get the first frost in the first week in August; after that we need not spray any more.
Sebtember-(October) The lifting of potatoes begins about by lifting of seed Liftingmachine takes 2 rows at one time, speed is about 5-7 km/h, the output in good conditions is about 1 ha/ 2 h by 3 persons. Normally the lifting is over in September. Potatoes are transported in boxes to the storage