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Ambassador Hans Wesseling Civil-Military Interface Advisor (CIVAD) Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe The Comprehensive Approach Today and in the.

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Presentation on theme: "Ambassador Hans Wesseling Civil-Military Interface Advisor (CIVAD) Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe The Comprehensive Approach Today and in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ambassador Hans Wesseling Civil-Military Interface Advisor (CIVAD) Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe The Comprehensive Approach Today and in the Future NATO UNCLASSIFIED

2 USS Montana NATO UNCLASSIFIED

3 21 st Century Security Challenges “We have too many walls in the world of security. We need more bridges.” NATO UNCLASSIFIED

4 Strategic Surprise Russia/Georgia Conflict – 2008 The ‘Arab Spring’ NATO UNCLASSIFIED

5 The Comprehensive Approach Conflicts can no longer be adequately dealt with by military force alone NATO UNCLASSIFIED Causes of instability and conflict are also Human Development issues

6 The World Bank Report NATO UNCLASSIFIED SOLUTIONS Security Justice Jobs CAUSES Insecurity Non-Inclusion Corruption

7 The Comprehensive Approach The Comprehensive Approach is above all a mindset with which we address a crisis or conflict. It serves us to understand the environment in which we operate NATO UNCLASSIFIED

8 The Lisbon Summit Declaration “To improve NATO’s contribution to a Comprehensive Approach and its ability to contribute, when required, to stabilisation and reconstruction, we have agreed to form an appropriate but modest civilian capability to interface more effectively with other actors.” NATO UNCLASSIFIED

9 Mandate for Change: Strategic Concept 2010 “A comprehensive political, civilian and military approach is necessary for effective crises management. The Alliance will engage actively with other international actors before, during and after crises to encourage collaborative analysis, planning and conduct of activities.” NATO UNCLASSIFIED “NATO will actively employ an appropriate mix of those political and military tools to help manage developing crises that have the potential to affect Alliance security, before they escalate into conflicts; to stop ongoing conflicts where they affect Alliance security and to help consolidate stability in post- conflict situations where that contributes to Euro-Atlantic security.”

10 Mandate for Change: SACEUR’s Intent Comprehensive Crisis and Operations Management Centre “The CCOMC is the cornerstone of our effort to “Operationalize Lisbon” in accordance with HOSG direction. I am convinced that the CCOMC is an organization that will strengthen my command ability to think plan and act strategically effectively and efficiently across the crisis and operations spectrum (Article 4 and Article 5) in support of the security and defence decisions of Nations.” CCOMC Concept Paper 10 Nov 11. NATO UNCLASSIFIED

11 Outcome of Change: SHAPE CCOM Process NATO UNCLASSIFIED NATO Crisis Management Process (NCMP) SHAPE Comprehensive Crisis and Operations Management (SHAPE CCOM) Indications & Warning Assessment Response Options Development PlanningExecution Transition ScanningFused OptionsDirectionCommand and ControlReviewComprehensive Understanding - Initial Estimation - Prudent Thinking - Prudent Activities - Strategic ROs -Strategic Directives - Plans - Strategic C2 - Ops Assessment -Transition Management - Stakeholder Feedback - Critique - Shared learning/LI/LL - Op Assessment -Crisis Scanning of Strategic Spaces -Initial Situational Awareness Crisis Review Group (CRG) Crisis Review Group (CRG) Crisis Identification Group (CIG) Crisis Identification Group (CIG) Current Operations Group (COG) Current Operations Group (COG) Response Direction Group (RDG) Response Direction Group (RDG) Estimation and Options Group (EOG) Estimation and Options Group (EOG) NEW CRISIS INTRA OPS CRISIS 07

12 Outcome of Change: the CCOMC Cloud NATO UNCLASSIFIED Resources Information Crisis Identification Group (CIG) Crisis Review Group (CRG) Current Operations Group (COG) Response Direction Group (RDG) Estimation and Options Group (EOG) SPECIAL STAFF (INTAF, LEGAD, STRATCOM) DIRECTOR OF MANAGEMENT (KNOWLEDGE MGMT) DCOS OPS (J2, J3, J9) DCOS PLANS (J5, J7) DCOS RESOURCES (J1, J4, J8,JENG, JMED) DCOS CIS (J6, CYBER, NCISG) DCOS MPD (PARTNERS) LIAISON OFFICERS NATO HQ (IS, IMS) NATO ORGANIZATIONS (ACT, AGENCIES, COEs) SUBORDINATE HEADQUARTERS (JFCs, MC, AC, LC) NATIONS (NATO & TCNS) ACADEMIA & MEDIA IGOs NGOs CRISIS & OPERATIONS PANEL (COP) STRAT MGMT BOARD (SMB)        &          08

13 SHAPE’s Task The three essential aspects of a Comprehensive Approach are: 1.Improving the application of the Alliance’s own crisis management instruments. 2.Improving the Alliance’s practical cooperation at all levels with partners, the UN and other relevant International Organisations, Non-Governmental Organisations and local actors in the planning and conduct of operations. 3.Enhancing NATO’s ability to bring military support to stabilisation activities and reconstruction efforts in all phases of a conflict. NATO UNCLASSIFIED

14 Comprehensive Approach to Crisis Management OSCE NATO National Reps Partners Intel Fusion Current Ops Civ-Emer Planning NATO IS/IMS EADRCC Terrorist Threat Intelligence Unit COE: CYBER COE: Defense Against Terrorism Other COE COE: ENERGY NATO WMD Center NGO EU GOUN IO NATO UNCLASSIFIED Identification & Monitoring Identification & Monitoring Response Options Response Options Coordinated Action Coordinated Action Monitoring Stabilisation

15 The Berlin Plus Arrangements The Berlin Plus arrangements provide the basis for NATO-EU cooperation in crises by allowing the EU to have access to NATO assets including: 1.Access to NATO planning 2.A NATO European command option 3.Use of NATO capabilities NATO UNCLASSIFIED

16 NATO-EU: A Strategic Partnership NATO will: Fully strengthen the strategic partnership with the EU Enhance cooperation Broaden political consultations Cooperate in capability development NATO and the EU can and should play complementary and mutually reinforcing roles in supporting international peace and security NATO UNCLASSIFIED

17 Some points to consider NATO UNCLASSIFIED Is it enough to have: 1. some common goals? 2. a broad code of conduct? How closely must we really interact?

18 Spectrum of Civil-Military Interaction Different forms of interaction NATO UNCLASSIFIED

19 Future of the Comprehensive Approach NATO UNCLASSIFIED

20 QUESTIONS?


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