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Welcome to the Old Testament! 1 Nephi 4:12-18.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the Old Testament! 1 Nephi 4:12-18."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Welcome to the Old Testament!

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4 1 Nephi 4:12-18

5 The Old Testament: A Divine Library The Law The 5 Books of Moses The History Poetry&Wisdom The Prophets Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

6 the law the prophets “Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.” (Matthew 7:12) the lawthe prophets “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.” (Matthew 5:17) the law the prophets “On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.” (Matthew 22:40)

7 The Law The 5 Books of Moses Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy The Prophets Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi 1. Love God (heart, might, mind, strength) 2. Love Your Neighbor (as yourself)

8 The Old Testament: A Divine Library The Law The 5 Books of Moses The History Poetry&Wisdom The Prophets Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

9 Note: Not all the books are of equal value.

10 “In the Old Testament, Genesis is the book of books—a divine account whose worth cannot be measured. Exodus and Deuteronomy are also of surpassing worth. Numbers, Joshua, Judges, the Samuels, the Kings, and the Chronicles are all essential history, interwoven with deeds of faith and wonder that form a background for an understanding of the Christian faith. Leviticus has no special application to us and, except for a few passages, need not give us permanent concern. Ruth and Esther are lovely stories that are part of our heritage. Bruce R. McConkie Quorum of the Twelve (CES Symposium on the New Testament, 17 August 1984)

11 “The Psalms contain marvelous poetry, and the portions that are messianic and that speak of the last days and the Second Coming are of great import. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Lamentations are interesting books; Job is for people who like the book of Job; and the Song of Solomon is biblical trash—it is not inspired writing. Ezra, Nehemiah, Obadiah, and Jonah are the least of the prophets; and all the rest of the prophets—Isaiah above them all—each in his place and order set forth the doctrinal and prophetic word that must be studied in depth.” Bruce R. McConkie Quorum of the Twelve (CES Symposium on the New Testament, 17 August 1984)

12 The Old Testament: A Divine Library The Law The 5 Books of Moses The History Poetry&Wisdom The Prophets Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

13 Chronological Order of the Old Testament Judg.1 Sam.Gen.-Josh.2 Sam.1 Kgs.2 Kgs.Ezek-Dan.EzraNeh. Ruth 1 Chron. Psalms 1 Chron. Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes. Song of Sol. 2 Chronicles Proverbs Ecclesiastes. Song of Sol. 2 Chronicles Hosea Amos Habakkuk Isaiah Jeremiah Joel Micah Zephaniah Lamentations Jonah Nahum Obadiah Hosea Amos Habakkuk Isaiah Jeremiah Joel Micah Zephaniah Lamentations Jonah Nahum Obadiah Esther Haggai Zechariah Esther Haggai Zechariah Malachi Job?

14 How well do you know the storyline?

15 Text

16 4000 BC3000 BC2000 BC1000 BC1 AD1000 AD2000 AD3000 AD New Testament (approx 4 BC-100 AD) Old Testament (approx 4000 BC-430 BC) Book of Mormon (600 BC-421 AD) Doctrine & Covenants (1823 AD-1978 AD) Timeline of the Scriptures

17 Book of Mormon Doctrine and Covenants Old Testament

18 Why is it called the “Old” Testament?

19 “Bible,” Bible Dictionary, p. 622 “In the Old Testament the word testament represents a Hebrew word meaning ‘covenant.’ The Old Covenant is the law that was given to Moses. The New Covenant is the gospel of Jesus Christ…. When the Savior came in the meridian of time, He restored the gospel to the Jews in Palestine. Since they had strayed, even from the law of Moses, it was a new covenant to them. Thus we have the record called the Old and the New Testaments.”

20 “To help his sons and daughters remember their promises to him—and certainly to help them remember his promises to them—God has directed that the nature and significance of those covenants be recorded. In that process, the texts and documents preserving such promises have also been called ‘covenants.’ In fact, the words testament and covenant are virtually synonymous in their theological usage…. Thus, the Old and New Testaments, as we commonly refer to them, are written testimonies or witnesses … of the covenants between God and man in various dispensations.” Jeffrey R. Holland Quorum of the Twelve (Christ and the New Covenant, p. 7-8)

21 “[A]ll who receive this record [the Book of Mormon] will … be convinced of ‘the covenants of the Lord,’ including his promise that the contemporary remnants of the House of Israel are not ‘cast off forever.’ “Thus the Book of Mormon is the preeminent statement of God's covenant with and his love for his children here on earth. It is his definitive latter-day declaration regarding the atoning sacrifice of his Son. It is his great revelation of the greatest Revelation God has ever given us.” Jeffrey R. Holland Quorum of the Twelve (Christ and the New Covenant, p. 4)

22 Testament = Covenant The Old Testament = The Old Covenant The New Testament = The New Covenant Book of Mormon = Another Covenant D&C = The Doctrine & Covenants of the Church

23 Abrahamic Covenant Summary The Overarching Covenant Covenant ElementMortal PromiseEternal Promise 1.A land of inheritance to gather to and to worship God freely Inherit the Earth in its Celestial state 2.a)A vast posterity b)A noble posterity who will bless all the families of the earth with the blessings of the Gospel Innumerable posterity; eternal procreation; “endless lives” 3.Descendants have a right to all gospel blessings, through the priesthood ordinances, which lead to Eternal Life

24 Abrahamic Covenant Summary The Overarching Covenant “I WILL BE YOUR GOD; YOU WILL BE MY PEOPLE” (Abr. 1:17-19; Gen. 17:7-8; Isaiah 41:8-10; D&C 132:28-33, 47-50) Covenant ElementMortal PromiseEternal Promise 1.A land of inheritance to gather to and to worship God freely Inherit the Earth in its Celestial state 2.a)A vast posterity b)A noble posterity who will bless all the families of the earth with the blessings of the Gospel Innumerable posterity; eternal procreation; “endless lives” 3.Descendants have a right to all gospel blessings, through the priesthood ordinances, which lead to Eternal Life

25 Abrahamic Covenant Summary The Overarching Covenant “I WILL BE YOUR GOD; YOU WILL BE MY PEOPLE” (Abr. 1:17-19; Gen. 17:7-8; Isaiah 41:8-10; D&C 132:28-33, 47-50) Covenant ElementMortal PromiseEternal Promise 1. Promised LandA land of inheritance to gather to and to worship God freely Inherit the Earth in its Celestial state 2. Posteritya)A vast posterity b)A noble posterity who will bless all the families of the earth with the blessings of the Gospel Innumerable posterity; eternal procreation; “endless lives” 3. Priesthood/Gospel Rights Descendants have a right to all gospel blessings, through the priesthood ordinances, which lead to Eternal Life Inherit Eternal Life—the end result of gospel covenants

26 TheEverlastingCovenant (Gospel Fulness) Adam Enoch Noah Abraham Moses Mosaic Covenant (Law of Moses) O.T. Books Genesis Exodus 1-34 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1-2 Samuel 1-2 Kings 1-2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Sol. Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea O.T. Books Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Book of Mormon Books 1-2 Nephi Jacob Enos Jarom Omni Mosiah Alma Helaman 3 Ne. 9

27 Testament = Covenant The Old Testament = The Old Covenant Genesis—technically a pre-Old Testament text—teaches us what the covenant is and who the covenant family members are. The Old Covenant = Mosaic Covenant = Law of Moses The purpose of the Mosaic Covenant was to be a “schoolmaster” (Gal. 3:24) to bring God’s people to Christ and prepare them for the New and Everlasting Covenant.

28 TheEverlastingCovenant (Gospel Fulness) Adam Enoch Noah Abraham Moses Mosaic Covenant (Law of Moses) O.T. Books Genesis Exodus 1-34 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1-2 Samuel 1-2 Kings 1-2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Sol. Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea O.T. Books Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Book of Mormon Books 1-2 Nephi Jacob Enos Jarom Omni Mosiah Alma Helaman 3 Ne. 9 The New Covenant (Jews Reject; Gentiles Receive) N.T. Books

29 The New Testament = The New Covenant Christ is “the messenger of the covenant” (Mal. 3:1) Christ is “the mediator of the new covenant” (Heb. 12:24; D&C 76:69). “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.” (Matthew 5:17) The New Testament records Christ’s fulfillment of His part of the Covenant (Galatians 3:16).

30 “For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.” (Matthew 26:28)

31 “Christ, in the days of His flesh, proposed to make a covenant with [Israel], but they rejected Him and His proposals, and in consequence thereof, they were broken off, and no covenant was made with them at that time…. Thus after this chosen family had rejected Christ and His proposals, the heralds of salvation said to them, "Lo, we turn unto the Gentiles;" and the Gentiles received the covenant, and were grafted in from whence the chosen family were broken off.” Joseph Smith President (History of the Church, 1: )

32 TheEverlastingCovenant (Gospel Fulness) Adam Enoch Noah Abraham Moses Mosaic Covenant (Law of Moses) O.T. Books Genesis Exodus 1-34 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1-2 Samuel 1-2 Kings 1-2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Sol. Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea O.T. Books Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Book of Mormon Books 1-2 Nephi Jacob Enos Jarom Omni Mosiah Alma Helaman 3 Ne. 9 The New Covenant (Jews Reject; Gentiles Receive) N.T. Books Matthew Mark Luke John Acts 1-9 Jews Reject Gentiles Receive (Briefly) Acts Romans 1-2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1-2 Thessalonians 1-2 Timothy Titus Philemon 1-2 Peter 1-3 John Jude Revelation Great Apostasy

33 “… the Gentiles have not continued in the goodness of God, but have departed from the faith that was once delivered to the Saints, and have broken the covenant in which their fathers were established (see Isaiah 24:5); and have become high-minded, and have not feared; therefore, but few of them will be gathered with the chosen family.” Joseph Smith President (History of the Church, 1: )

34 TheEverlastingCovenant (Gospel Fulness) Adam Enoch Noah Abraham Moses Mosaic Covenant (Law of Moses) O.T. Books Genesis Exodus 1-34 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1-2 Samuel 1-2 Kings 1-2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Sol. Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea O.T. Books Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi The New & Everlasting Covenant (Gospel Fulness Restored) Book of Mormon Books 1-2 Nephi Jacob Enos Great Apostasy Jarom Omni Mosiah Alma Helaman 3 Ne. 9 Doctrine & Covenants D&C 1:14-23 D&C 2:1-3 D&C 22:1-4 D&C 39:11 D&C 45:9-10 D&C 66:2 D&C 84:47-48 D&C 132:6 D&C 133:57-63 The New Covenant (Jews Reject; Gentiles Receive) N.T. Books Matthew Mark Luke John Acts 1-9 Jews Reject Gentiles Receive (Briefly) Acts Romans 1-2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1-2 Thessalonians 1-2 Timothy Titus Philemon 1-2 Peter 1-3 John Jude Revelation

35 JS—H 1:36-41

36 The “Other Passages of Scripture” (according to Oliver Cowdery) Verses quoted from: Isaiah 29 Psalms 100, 107, 144, 146 Isaiah 1 Deuteronomy 32 Isaiah 2 Isaiah 4 Jeremiah 30 Jeremiah 31 Isaiah 43 Jeremiah 50 Jeremiah 16 1 Corinthians 1:27-29

37 TheEverlastingCovenant (Gospel Fulness) Adam Enoch Noah Abraham Moses Mosaic Covenant (Law of Moses) O.T. Books Genesis Exodus 1-34 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1-2 Samuel 1-2 Kings 1-2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Sol. Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea O.T. Books Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi The New & Everlasting Covenant (Gospel Fulness Restored) Book of Mormon Books 1-2 Nephi Jacob Enos Great Apostasy Jarom Omni Mosiah Alma Helaman 3 Ne. 9 Doctrine & Covenants D&C 1:14-23 D&C 2:1-3 D&C 22:1-4 D&C 39:11 D&C 45:9-10 D&C 66:2 D&C 84:47-48 D&C 132:6 D&C 133:57-63 The New Covenant (Jews Reject; Gentiles Receive) N.T. Books Matthew Mark Luke John Acts 1-9 Jews Reject Gentiles Receive (Briefly) Acts Romans 1-2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1-2 Thessalonians 1-2 Timothy Titus Philemon 1-2 Peter 1-3 John Jude Revelation

38 End


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