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IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Session IV: Identifying and Addressing Member State Needs and Priorities Juan Antonio Casas-Zamora, Director, Division.

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Presentation on theme: "IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Session IV: Identifying and Addressing Member State Needs and Priorities Juan Antonio Casas-Zamora, Director, Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Session IV: Identifying and Addressing Member State Needs and Priorities Juan Antonio Casas-Zamora, Director, Division of Programme Support and Coordination, Department of Technical Cooperation Paul Woodhouse, Section Head, Safety and Security Coordination Section, Department of Nuclear Safety and Security

2 IAEA Session objective to present how the priority needs of Member States are identified and how ways to address these are developed into projects for approval by the Board

3 IAEA The vision that guides TC Technical cooperation seeks to forge human and institutional capacity in MS to safely utilize nuclear technologies to address local needs, global issues and contribute to national development.

4 IAEA What does the TC programme do? Support the identification of specific capacities and gaps in MS Identify a specific programmatic response tailored to diverse needs and capacities Ensure a coherent, coordinated and interdisciplinary response by the Agency Identify partners and resources for delivering programmes with impact

5 IAEA Ascertaining the priority needs of MS Two way street Agency staff must be aware of country’s priorities Member States must be aware of Agency programmes

6 IAEA TC Relationship with Member States IAEA PMO TO Member States PMs NLO Counterparts

7 IAEA The Country Programme Framework A descriptive planning process that identifies country needs and priorities, based on: Identified national priorities National Development Plans UNDAFs Regional priorities MDGs

8 IAEA The Country Programme Framework Aims to Identify problems to be addressed with nuclear technologies Outline the results expected in a given time frame Encourage MS to take ownership of the programme

9 IAEA Central Criterion A project must address an area of real need in which there is a national programme enjoying strong government commitment and support. tangible socio-economic benefit enabling environment

10 IAEA National TC projects Address problems/needs at the national level Member State specific Build on or establish infrastructure May involve more than one counterpart / institution Need / country driven

11 IAEA Address problems / needs at the regional level Build on existing national infrastructure Promote Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (TCDC) Create links between regional institutions Aims at sharing information / expertise and experience Mainly HR Regional TC projects

12 IAEA Address problems / needs at the interregional level Address transboundary issues Nurture partnerships Small number of projects Mainly HR Usually an Agency initiative Interregional TC projects

13 IAEA From technical cooperation to capacity development Technical Cooperation Capacity Development Facilitating access to knowledge Facilitating multi- stakeholder engagement Participatory policy dialogue Creating space for learning Supply driven Demand driven Input-basedOutcome-based (transformative) Human and institutional development Millennium Declaration MDGs Facilitating networking

14 IAEA IAEA portfolio of services Legislative Assistance Equipment Support Fellowships Training (individual and in groups) Technical Advice Assessment of Needs Technical Publications Support for Research Reference Materials Support Knowledge Networking Advisory Services Peer Reviews Public Information TC support Capacity building Networking Knowledge sharing Partnership facilitation


16 Addressing Member State priorities

17 IAEA Addressing Member State priorities Description Number of countries in 2008 Number of countries in 2010 Not planning to introduce nuclear power plants, but interested in considering the issues associated with a nuclear power programme 1631 Considering a nuclear programme to meet identified energy needs with a strong indication of intention to proceed 14 Active preparation for a possible nuclear power programme with no final decision 77 Decided to introduce nuclear power and started preparing the appropriate infrastructure 410 Invitation to bid to supply a nuclear power plant prepared 1 New nuclear power plant ordered2 New nuclear power plant under construction11 Total5165 10 to 25 new countries are expected to bring their first nuclear power plants on-line by 2030

18 IAEA The Agency’s Response to the Accident in Japan Initial Agency Response Ministerial Conference Nuclear Safety Action Plan

19 IAEA Initial Agency Response Activation and operation of IEC DG’s visit to Japan Meeting of Board of Governors Coordination of the inter-agency response to the accident Agency missions to Japan IAEA briefings of Member States 19

20 IAEA Ministerial Conference Open ended consultations DG’s Statement Ministerial Conference Preliminary Assessment Emergency Preparedness Global Safety Framework Ministerial Declaration - requested DG to prepare an Action Plan and Report of the Conference. 20

21 IAEA Action Plan The purpose of the Action Plan is to define a programme of work to strengthen the Global Nuclear Safety Framework. 12 Actions with corresponding sub- actions 21

22 IAEA Action Plan (contd.) Facilitate the development of the infrastructure necessary for Member States embarking on a nuclear power programme Strengthen and maintain capacity building 22

23 IAEA Needs identification: Nuclear safety self-assessments The Agency helps Member States to conduct self- assessments in a number of areas based on IAEA Safety Standards This is a learning and investigation process and an integral part of the continuous improvement of an organization Self-assessment is useful at different stages: Before starting an improvement programme Prior to a peer review Routinely, every 1 to 3 years to maintain a continuous improvement programme and to monitor progress

24 IAEA Concept Phase: from needs to proposals CPF Pre-planning missions CPN review by the Secretariat Review of concepts Feedback to MS 1 2 6 5 4 MS TC priorities for upcoming programming cycle: overview of the country programme project concepts ordered according to priorities CPN (Country Programme Note) 3

25 IAEA One House Approach (1) A project is rarely a single strand activity A project in medical application, for example, is likely to have impacts on safety and radioactive waste Various parts of the Secretariat contribute to the delivery of one single project Each project should be integrated and cohesive

26 IAEA Legal Issues Nuclear Technology Training Energy Options Human Resources Safety and Security The Environment Waste Public Acceptance Transportation Decommissioning Regulatory Bodies Emergency Response Capacity Building Planning Example

27 IAEA The TC Department manages the technical cooperation programme The Technical Departments are responsible for providing technical support Officers from TC and Technical Departments work in full partnership with counterparts to implement the programme One House Approach (2)

28 IAEA Example of Fields of Activity Example: Nuclear power reactors Objective: to provide support to MSs that have decided to build new nuclear reactors or are already operating nuclear reactors. It covers all aspects from siting and construction of the facilities to commissioning and operation. Support can be provided on assessing and improving the operational safety, methods for safety assessment, efficient management systems and lifetime management. It will also take into account radiation protection, radioactive waste management, EPR and transport (covered under other FoAs). Support can include advancement and innovation of technology for NPPSs systems and their fuel cycles.

29 IAEA A Changing World Nuclear Renaissance; Nuclear Safety Action Plan; Expansion of medical practices; … etc.

30 IAEA Moving Forward Member States are an integral part of the Agency (MSs, Secretariat and Policy Making Organs) The Agency is as strong as its Member States Together, we need to build and sustain effective capacity nationally, regionally and globally to meet new challenges

31 IAEA Moving Forward We must strengthen horizontal sharing of knowledge, experience and lessons learned Knowledge and experience can be shared only by active, in-depth participation and strong commitment to a mutual learning process The Agency has a vision, strategy and a policy for effective and sustainable capacity building to meet current and future challenges

32 IAEA Technical cooperation: delivering results for peace and development

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