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Caesar’s English II Lesson IX (9) STEMMEANINGWORD mar-seasubmarine junct-joinconjunction luc-lighttranslucent tempor-timetemporary medi-middlemedium.

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Presentation on theme: "Caesar’s English II Lesson IX (9) STEMMEANINGWORD mar-seasubmarine junct-joinconjunction luc-lighttranslucent tempor-timetemporary medi-middlemedium."— Presentation transcript:

1 Caesar’s English II Lesson IX (9) STEMMEANINGWORD mar-seasubmarine junct-joinconjunction luc-lighttranslucent tempor-timetemporary medi-middlemedium

2 Mar(sea) marine, maritime, mariner MAR means sea. The marine environment is the sea; maritime regulations bring law to the conduct of ships at sea, and a mariner is a sailor! Spanish…marinero

3 Junct (join) conjunction, junction, adjunct JUNCT means join. A conjunction is a word that joins two words or two groups of words; a junction is where two roads join, and an adjunct is something or someone that is joined as a part of something else! Spanish…adjuncto

4 LUC (light) lucidity, translucent, pellucid LUC means light. Lucidity is brightness; something is translucent (trans--across, lucid--light) if light goes partly through it (but if it were perfectly clear, it would be transparent); and pellucid waters are crystal clear! Spanish…translucido

5 MEDI (MIDDLE) MEDIUM, MEDITERRANEAN, IN MEDIAS RES MEDI means middle. The medium is the middle; the Mediterranean Sea is surrounded by continents, and to begin a story in medias res (a Latin phrase) is to begin in the middle of the story. The most famous story that begins in medias res is Homer’s The Odyssey. Spanish…mediterraneo

6 TEMPOR (TIME) TEMPORAL, TEMPORIZE, CONTEMPORARY TEMPOR means time. Living things are temporal being because their lives are bounded by time; to temporize is to delay or stall; and your contemporaries are those who live at the same time you do! Spanish…contemporizar

7 Caesar’s English II Lesson IX (9) STEMMEANINGWORD mar-seasubmarine junct-joinconjunction luc-lighttranslucent tempor-timetemporary medi-middlemedium

8 Maritime : Sea :: a.blue : color b.aviation : air c.medium : length d.mariner : captain

9 Maritime : Sea :: a.blue : color b.aviation : air c.medium : length d.mariner : captain

10 Ancestor : Contemporary :: a.temporize : stall b.glass : pellucid c.self : descendant d.junction : crossroads

11 Ancestor : Contemporary :: a.temporize : stall b.glass : pellucid c.self : descendant d.junction : crossroads

12 Find the best opposite. TRANSLUCENT a.medium b.adjunct c.temporal d.opaque

13 Find the best opposite. TRANSLUCENT a.medium b.adjunct c.temporal d.opaque

14 LUCIDITY a.confusion b.brilliance c.eclipse d.perspicacity

15 LUCIDITY a.confusion b.brilliance c.eclipse d.perspicacity

16 The barbarians stared at Caesar’s fierce defenses and __________, afraid to attack. a.ambuscaded b.temporized c.marinated d.interdicted

17 The barbarians stared at Caesar’s fierce defenses and __________, afraid to attack. a.ambuscaded b.temporized c.marinated d.interdicted

18 In the ___________ water of the stream, Augustus could see the fish perfectly. a.temporal b.pellucid c.opaque d.fluid

19 In the ___________ water of the stream, Augustus could see the fish perfectly. a.temporal b.pellucid c.opaque d.fluid

20 Caesar and Cicero were _________ who lived at exactly the same time. a.contemporaries b.contradictions c.conjunctions d.temporizers

21 Caesar and Cicero were _________ who lived at exactly the same time. a.contemporaries b.contradictions c.conjunctions d.temporizers

22 Advanced Word: Pellucid The adjective pellucid (peh-LOO-sid), comes from the Latin pellucidus, and is based on the stems per (through) and luc (light). Pellucid means crystal clear, so clear that light goes right through. When something is pellucid, there is no distortion or fog, the substance is absolutely transparent. In Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote that “The water in the fountain, pellucid as crystal, was alive with myriads of gold and silver fishes.”

23 The Grammar of Vocabulary: lucidity, a noun. In battle Caesar’s mind was very lucid. _____________________________________

24 Caesar’s Classic Words Challenge From Martin Luther King’s Why We Can’t Wait We can…try to _________, to negotiate small, inadequate changes. a.marinate b.ambuscade c.temporize d.mediate

25 Caesar’s Classic Words Challenge From Martin Luther King’s Why We Can’t Wait We can…try to _________, to negotiate small, inadequate changes. a.marinate b.ambuscade c.temporize d.mediate

26 From Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 [They walked] under the __________ emptiness of the sky. a.pellucid b.Mediterranean c.temporal d.adjunct

27 From Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 [They walked] under the __________ emptiness of the sky. a.pellucid b.Mediterranean c.temporal d.adjunct

28 From Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man [He heard] the apathetic moaning of the dumb, ___________ waves. a.pellucid b.temporal c.translucent d.adjunct

29 From Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man [He heard] the apathetic moaning of the dumb, ___________ waves. a.pellucid b.temporal c.translucent d.adjunct


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